1927 college football season

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The 1927 NCAA football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7-0-1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. In the Rose Bowl, the Pittsburgh Panthers (8-0-1) were invited to play against the Pacific Coast Conference champion. Though USC and Stanford had identical records in conference play, Stanford was given a chance to "avenge" its 7-7 tie against Alabama in the previous years Rose Bowl. Although an Illinois vs. USC matchup would have been equally plausible for the 1928 Rose Bowl, their Pasadena meeting would have to wait 80 years-- until 2008.

The major rules change in 1927 was the moving of the goal posts from the goal line, to the end of the end zone, where they have been ever since. The move was for both safety reasons and to de-emphasize the kicking game[2]

At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

Starting with the 2012 football season, Texas A&M began claiming the 1927 national championship. [3]

September[edit]

September 17 Washington defeated Willamette 32-6. September 24 USC beat Occidental 33-0; Army beat Boston University, 13-0; Pittsburgh beat Thiel College 42-0. Texas A&M shut out Trinity 45-0.

October[edit]

October 1 USC beat Santa Clara 52-12. Notre Dame beat Iowa's Coe College 28-7; Army beat Detroit Mercy 6-0. Yale beat Bowdoin 41-0;

The Western Conference (later the Big Ten) teams opened their seasons. Minnesota beat North Dakota, 57-10, Michigan beat Ohio Wesleyan, 33-0, and Illinois beat Bradley, 19-0. Pittsburgh beat Grove City College, 33-0; Nebraska beat Iowa State, 6-0; Georgia beat Virginia, 32-0; and Texas A&M beat Southwest Texas 31-0.

October 8 USC edged Oregon State 13-12; Detroit Mercy, fresh from its 6-0 loss at West Point, played at Notre Dame and lost 20-0; Army beat Marquette 21-12; In a battle of Bulldogs, Georgia beat Yale 14-10 in New Haven. Pittsburgh won another shutout, over West Virginia, 49-0;

Minnesota beat Oklahoma State, 40-0, Michigan beat Michigan State, 21-0, and Illinois beat Butler 58-0. At Columbia, Missouri, Missouri beat Nebraska, 7-6, and Texas A&M recorded its third shutout, an 18-0 win over Sewanee.

October 15 USC played at Stanford University in Palo Alto, to a 13-13 tie. Notre Dame and Navy played at Baltimore, with the Irish winning 19-6. Army beat Davis & Elkins College, 27-6 Yale beat Brown 19-0; In Western Conference play, Minnesota and Indiana played to a 14-14 tie Michigan won at Wisconsin, 14-0, Illinois and Iowa State played to a 12-12 tie, Pittsburgh beat Drake 32-0; Nebraska beat Grinnell College 58-0 Furman v. Georgia took place in Athens, Ga., as the University of Georgia hosted the Paladins of Furman University and won, 32-0. Texas A&M surrendered its first points in a 40-6 win over Arkansas.

October 22 USC beat Caltech 51-0 ; Notre Dame beat Indiana 19-6 (4-0) Army and (2-1) Yale met at New Haven, with Yale winning 10-6 Minnesota beat Iowa, 38-0 Michigan beat Ohio State, 21-0, Brown was upset by Lebanon Valley, 13-12 Illinois edged Northwestern, 7-6 Pittsburgh beat crosstown team Carnegie Tech, but not in a shutout (23-7). Nebraska was idle; Georgia beat Auburn, 33-3 Texas A&M played at Texas Christian, and was tied, 0-0.

October 29 Michigan (4-0-0) and Illinois (3-0-1) faced off at Champaign, Ill. The Illini won 14-0.

USC beat California, 13-0 Notre Dame beat Georgia Tech, 26-7 Army beat Bucknell 34-0; Yale beat Dartmouth, 19-0; Minnesota beat Wisconsin, 13-7; Pittsburgh beat Allegheny 62-0; Nebraska beat visiting Syracuse, 21-0; Georgia beat Tulane, 31-0 Texas A&M had beaten Texas Tech, 47-6, in a Friday game.

November[edit]

November 5 USC was idle, while (5-1-1) Stanford and (7-0-0) Washington met in Seattle for a conference game, with Stanford winning 13-7.

In a meeting of unbeatens, (5-0-0) Notre Dame hosted (4-0-1) Minnesota. The teams played to a 7-7 tie.

Army beat Franklin & Marshall, 45-0; Yale beat Maryland 30-6 Michigan won at Chicago, 14-0 and Illinois beat Iowa 14-0 Pittsburgh and Washington & Jefferson, both (6-0-0), played to a 0-0 tie Nebraska beat Kansas, 47-13; Georgia defeated Florida at Jacksonville, 28-0; Texas A&M beat SMU, 39-13

On Armistice Day, November 11, Texas A&M defeated Rice University in Houston, 14-0.

November 12 USC beat Colorado 46-7; (6-1-0) Army faced off against (5-0-1) Notre Dame at Yankee Stadium. The Cadets handed Rockne's team its first defeat, 18-0

Yale beat Princeton 14-6; Minnesota beat Drake 27-6; Michigan beat Navy 27-12; Illinois beat Chicago 15-6; Georgia beat Clemson, 32-0 (6-0-1) Pittsburgh and (4-1-0) Nebraska faced off in Pittsburgh, with the Panthers winning 21-13

November 19 USC defeated Washington State, 27-0, while Stanford beat visiting California, 13-6 to close their season at 8-2-1. Though USC, at 8-1-1, had the better overall record, Stanford's two losses at been outside the conference, to St. Mary's and to Santa Clara, and they had tied USC. In PCC play, Stanford and USC both finished 4-0-1, and either could have been invited to play in the 1928 Rose Bowl. The Rose Bowl committee went with Stanford, which had been tied by Alabama in the 1927 New Year's Day game.

Notre Dame beat Drake University in Des Moines, 32-0. Drake, which played against Navy, Pitt, Minnesota, Notre Dame and UCLA, would finish at 3-6-0 Army beat Ursinus College 13-0; Yale closed its season hosting Harvard, and won 14-0; Illinois defeated Ohio State, 13-0 At Ann Arbor, (5-0-2) Minnesota visited (6-1-0) Michigan. The Gophers beat the Wolverines 13-7 to close their seasons. Nebraska won at Kansas State, 33-0 Georgia beat Mercer, 26-7

November 24 On Thanksgiving Day, Pittsburgh beat Penn State, 30-0. Pitt, with a record of 8-0-1, had outscored its opponents 283 to 20, with seven shutouts, and was selected to meet Stanford in the Rose Bowl.

Nebraska beat visiting New York University, 27-18; Texas A&M closed its season with a 28-7 win over Texas.

November 26 Notre Dame (6-1-1) and USC (7-0-1) played before an estimated record crowd of 123,000[4] (Reported as 117,000 in the Chicago Tribune)[5] at Soldier Field in Chicago, with Notre Dame winning 7-6 (on the strength of a blocked extra point attempt) to hand the Trojans their first loss.[6]


In the Army–Navy Game, played before a crowd of 70,000 at the Polo Grounds in New York, Army came back from 9-0 at halftime to win 14-9.[7] In Birmingham, Georgia beat Alabama, 20-6.

December 3 USC closed its season with a 33-13 win over Washington.

(9-0-0) Georgia faced off against (7-1-1) Georgia Tech in Atlanta to close the season. The Yellow Jackets undid the Bulldogs' hopes for a perfect season, winning 12-0

Rose Bowl[edit]

Main article: 1928 Rose Bowl

As the only post-season college football game, the Rose Bowl sought an East-West matchup between the best available eastern team and the PCC champion. In 1927, the Pitt Panthers had finished the season at 8-0-1, with seven shutouts against various levels of opposition, while the Stanford Indians had won the Pacific Coast Conference going 8-2-1. Since January 1, 1928, fell on a Sunday, the game was played on Monday, January 2. Stanford Punter Frankie Wilton had been the "goat" of the 1927 Rose Bowl, after an Alabama defender broke through the line, blocked his kick, and set up the Tide's tying touchdown. Wilton lost the ball after being hit on his own 20 yard line, and Pitt's Jimmy Hagan ran the fumble in for a touchdown. Walter Heinecke of Stanford blocked the point attempt, holding Pitt's lead to 6-0. Wilton's chance at redemption came later, when his teammate Spud Lewis fumbled a yard from goal. Wilton scooped up the ball and crashed through for the tying touchdown. The Stanford kick was good, and the Indians held on for a 7-6 win.[8]

Conference standings[edit]

The following is a potentially incomplete list of conference standings:

1927 Big Ten football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Illinois § 5 0 0     7 0 1
Minnesota § 3 0 1     6 0 2
Michigan 3 2 0     6 2 0
Chicago 3 3 0     4 4 0
Purdue 2 2 0     6 2 0
Northwestern 2 3 0     4 4 0
Ohio State 2 3 0     4 4 0
Indiana 1 2 1     3 4 1
Iowa 1 4 0     4 4 0
Wisconsin 1 4 0     4 4 0
§ – Conference co-champions
Rankings from Dickinson System
1927 Missouri Valley football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Missouri 5 1 0     7 2 0
Nebraska 4 1 0     6 2 0
Oklahoma A&M 2 1 0     4 4 0
Iowa State 3 2 0     4 3 1
Washington (MO) 2 2 1     5 2 2
Kansas 3 3 1     3 4 1
Oklahoma 2 3 0     3 3 2
Kansas State 2 4 0     3 5 0
Drake 1 2 0     3 6 0
Grinnell 0 5 0     0 7 1
† – Conference champion
1927 PCC football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Stanford§ 4 0 1     8 2 1
USC § 4 0 1     8 1 1
Idaho § 2 0 2     4 1 3
Washington 4 2 0     9 2 0
Oregon State 2 3 0     3 3 1
California 2 3 0     7 3 0
Washington State 1 3 1     3 3 2
Oregon 0 4 1     2 4 1
Montana 0 4 0     3 4 1
§ – Conference co-champions
  • Selected as Rose Bowl representative
1927 Southern Conference football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Georgia Tech § 7 0 1     8 1 1
Tennessee § 5 0 1     8 0 1
NC State § 4 0 0     9 1 0
Vanderbilt 5 0 2     8 1 2
Georgia 6 1 0     9 1 0
Florida 5 2 0     7 3 0
Ole Miss 3 2 0     5 3 0
Virginia 4 4 0     5 4 0
Clemson 2 2 0     5 3 1
Alabama 3 4 1     5 4 1
LSU 2 3 1     4 4 1
Mississippi State 2 3 0     5 3 0
Washington & Lee 2 3 0     4 4 1
Virginia Tech 2 3 0     5 4 0
Maryland 3 5 0     4 7 0
South Carolina 2 4 0     4 5 0
VMI 2 4 0     6 4 0
Tulane 2 5 1     2 5 1
North Carolina 2 5 0     4 6 0
Sewanee 1 4 0     2 6 0
Kentucky 1 5 0     3 6 1
Auburn 0 6 1     0 7 2
§ – Conference co-champions

Dickinson System[edit]

The AP sportswriters' poll would not begin continuously until 1936.[9] (although, the first time was a one instance publishing in 1934[10]) Frank G. Dickinson, an economics professor at the University of Illinois, had invented the Dickinson System to rank colleges based upon their records and the strength of their opposition. The system was originally designed to rank teams in the Big Nine (later the Big Ten) conference. Chicago clothing manufacturer Jack Rissman then persuaded Dickinson to rank the nation's teams under the system, and awarded the Rissman Trophy to the winning university.[11]

Although Dickinson retroactively applied the system to the 1924 and 1925 seasons, the year 1926 was the first in which the trophy was awarded at season's end. The system awarded 30 points for a win over a "strong team", and 20 for a win over a "weak team". Losses were awarded points (15 for loss to a strong team, 10 for loss to a weak team). Ties were treated as half a win and half a loss (22.5 for a tie with a strong team, 15 for a tie with a weak team). An average was then derived by dividing the points by games played.[12]

Final Dickinson rankings[edit]

Rank Team Record Rating
1 Illinois Fighting Illini 7-0-1 21.50
2 Pittsburgh Panthers 8-0-1 21.42
3 Minnesota Gophers 6-0-2 20.88
4 Notre Dame Fighting Irish 7-1-1 20.83
5 Yale Bulldogs 7-1 20.00
6 Army Cadets 9-1 18.75
7 Michigan Wolverines 6-2 18.33
8 Georgia Bulldogs 9-1 17.50
9 Nebraska Cornhuskers 6-2 17.42
10 USC Trojans 8-1-1 16.35
11 Texas A&M Aggies 8-0-1 15.00

[13]

Statistical leaders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.jhowell.net/cf/cf1927.htm
  2. ^ Alison Danzig, The History of American Football, (Prentice-Hall Inc., 1956) p. 71
  3. ^ "Texas A&M Football History". Texas AM University Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Retrieved August 28, 2012. 
  4. ^ [1] "Stadium History" Soldier Field.com]
  5. ^ "Sports Highlights of 1927," "Chicago Tribune", Jan. 1, 1927, p.9
  6. ^ "Notre Dame Scores 7-6 Victory Over Southern California," Syracuse Herald, Nov. 27, 1927, pXX-1
  7. ^ "Army Comes From Behind in Last Half to Defeat Navy, 14 to 9," Syracuse Herald, Nov. 27, 1927, pXX-1
  8. ^ "Lucky Fumble Gives Cards Win," Oakland Tribune, January 3, 1928, p25
  9. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/seasons.cfm?seasonid=1936
  10. ^ http://www.appollarchive.com/football/ap/research/1934-11-15_poll.cfm
  11. ^ Herschel Nissenson Tales From College Football's Sidelines (Sports Publishing LLC, 2001), p93.
  12. ^ "The Dickinson system awards 30 points for a victory over a strong team, and 20 for victory over a weak team. Defeats count half as much as victories, and ties are consideredas games half won and half lost. Dividing this total by the number of games played gives the final rating, "ILLINOIS BEST FOOTBALL TEAM OF YEAR," The Syracuse Herald, Dec. 4, 1927, p23
  13. ^ "ILLINOIS BEST FOOTBALL TEAM OF YEAR," The Syracuse Herald, Dec. 4, 1927, p23