Jericho earthquake (1927)
Map showing the epicentre of the earthquake according to geologist Natan Shalem
|Date||July 11, 1927|
|Magnitude||6.2 to 6.25 on the Richter scale|
|Epicenter||North of the Dead Sea|
|Countries or regions||Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan|
|Total damage||Serious damage to Jericho, Ramle, Tiberias, Nablus and Jerusalem|
|Casualties||At least 500|
The Jericho earthquake of 1927, also known as the 1927 Palestine earthquake, was a devastating event that shook the Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan on July 11 at 15:08 local time (13:08 UTC). The epicenter of the earthquake was in the northern area of the Dead Sea. The cities of Jerusalem, Jericho, Ramle, Tiberias, and Nablus were heavily damaged and at least 500 were estimated to have been killed.
Damage and casualties
The death toll in Jerusalem included more than 130 people and around 450 were injured. About 300 houses collapsed or were severely damaged to the point of not being usable. The earthquake also caused heavy damage to the domes of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the al-Aqsa Mosque.
The rest of the country
The earthquake was especially severe in Nablus where it destroyed around 300 buildings, including the Mosque of Victory and the historic parts of the Great Mosque of Nablus. The death toll in Nablus included more than 150 people and around 250 were injured.
In Jericho, a number of houses collapsed, including several relatively new hotels. In addition, the Allenby Bridge collapsed and the Jordan river was blocked for about 21 hours following the collapse of the Marl cliffs in its banks. Ramla and Tiberias were also heavily damaged.
The most affected city in Transjordan was Salt in which 80 people were killed, in the rest of Transjordan another 20 were killed by the earthquake.
Destruction in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem
A destroyed house on the Mount of Olives
The destroyed Winter Palace Hotel in Jericho
Vered and Striem (1977) located the earthquake epicenter to be near the Damya Bridge in the Jordan Valley, and close to the city of Jericho. Later research by Avni (1999), located the epicenter to be around 50 km south of this location near the Dead Sea at .
- Zohar, M.; Marco, S. (2012). "Re-estimating the epicenter of the 1927 Jericho earthquake using spatial distribution of intensity data". Journal of Applied Geophysics (Elsevier) 82: 19–29.
- Kallner-Amiran, D. H. "A Revised Earthquake Catalog of Palestine". Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- Wachs, Daniel; Levitte, Dov (June 1978), Damage Caused By Landslides During the Earthquakes of 1837 and 1927 in the Galilee Region, Geological Survey of Israel
- Shapira, Avi; Avni, Ron; Nur, Amos (1993). "A new estimate for the epicenter of the Jericho earthquake of 11 July 1927". Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 42. Israel Geological Society. pp. 93–96.
- Avni, R.; Bowman, D.; Shapira, A.; Nur, A. (2002), "Erroneous interpretation of historical documents related to the epicenter of the 1927 Jericho earthquake in the Holy Land", Journal of Seismology (Kluwer Academic Publishers) (6): 469–476
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1927 earthquake in Palestine.|
- Jerusalem Hit By Earth Jars - published in the Prescott Evening Courier on July 11, 1927
- 104 Quake Toll In Holy Land - published in the Youngstown Vindicator on July 12, 1927
- 300 reported Toll of Quake - published in the Milwaukee Journal on July 12, 1927
- Quake Reports From Palestine Yet Fragmentary - published in The News on July 14, 1927