The 1928 Atlantic hurricane season ran through the summer and the first half of fall in 1928. The season was not active, but eventful. Six tropical cyclones formed during the season. Four of those became hurricanes. Only one became a major hurricane, which was also a Category 5 hurricane.
A weak 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) tropical storm formed near Tobago on August 3. Moving northwest on August 4, the system made landfall near Santo Domingo as a 45 miles per hour (72 km/h) tropical storm on August 5. The system crossed Hispaniola as a 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) tropical storm late on August 5 and began to restrengthen steadily on August 6 while moving through the Bahamas. The storm strengthened into a hurricane later on August 6, and the hurricane reached its peak of 105 miles per hour (169 km/h) as a Category 2 hurricane on August 7 while nearing the Florida east coast. The hurricane weakened slightly on August 8, making landfall near Fort Pierce as a 90 miles per hour (140 km/h) Category 1 hurricane. The hurricane weakened to a strong tropical storm later on August 8 after moving inland, and the weakened system continued moving northwest as it neared St. Marks on August 9. The remnants then began to move northeast while weakening to a depression on August 10, becoming extratropical on August 10. The circulation dissipated on August 13 after the system exited the Carolinas and moved offshore off southeast Virginia near Norfolk.
A 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) tropical storm formed near Barbados late on August 7. Moving west-northwest, the system moved through the Windward Islands on August 8 as a weak tropical storm and then began to slowly intensify shortly thereafter. Continuing to move west-northwest, the strengthening tropical storm intensified to a hurricane late on August 9, and the hurricane reached its peak as an 90 miles per hour (140 km/h) Category 1 hurricane early on August 10. The hurricane later made landfall at its peak intensity in southwest Hispaniola on August 11, and the storm maintained intensity before making a second landfall near Guantanamo Bay later on August 11. The hurricane weakened to a tropical storm shortly after moving inland over Cuba, and the system entered the Straits of Florida late on August 12 as a 50 mph (80 km/h) tropical storm before slowly beginning to reintensify on August 13 as it crossed the Florida Keys near Key West. Moving northwest, the system slowly reintensified to a brief secondary peak of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) off southwest Florida before slowly weakening on August 14, eventually making landfall near St. George Island as a weak 45 miles per hour (72 km/h) tropical storm. The system soon weakened to a depression late on August 15 after moving inland, and the remnants dissipated on August 17.
A tropical storm formed on September 1 just south of Hispaniola. Moving just north of due west, the system brushed the south coast of Jamaica as a 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) tropical storm on September 2 before slowly beginning to intensify on September 3. The strengthening tropical storm reached its peak of 60 miles per hour (97 km/h) on September 4 shortly before making landfall on the Yucatan Peninsula near Playa del Carmen near its peak intensity early on September 5. The system weakened after crossing the peninsula, entering the Bay of Campeche early on September 6 as a weak tropical storm, later restrengthening slightly to a 50 mph (80 km/h) while nearing mainland Mexico on September 7. The tropical storm then weakened slightly shortly before making landfall north of Tampico early on September 8 as a weak 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) tropical storm. After moving inland, the system weakened quickly to a depression and dissipated.
The most notable storm of the season was the Okeechobee Hurricane (or San Felipe Segundo Hurricane). This Cape Verde-type hurricane was the second recorded hurricane to reach Category 5 intensity in the Atlantic basin. After forming on September 6 and crossing the tropical Atlantic, it began strengthening rapidly as it crossed the Leeward Islands on September 12, killing hundreds in Guadeloupe. The storm, continuing to intensify, then made landfall on September 13 in Puerto Rico at its peak intensity as a devastating Category 5 hurricane, causing catastrophic damage and killing at least 300. The storm also caused numerous deaths elsewhere in the Caribbean and Bahamas before making landfall near West Palm Beach, Florida on September 16 as an intense Category 4 storm. Although damage was severe along coastal southeast Florida, relatively few deaths were reported in those areas; the storm's deadliest blow was on Lake Okeechobee as the eyewall crossed. The muck dike surrounding portions of the lake's southern shores burst, resulting in a storm surge that caused massive flooding in many of the southern lake towns. At least 2,500 people died in Florida in what is the United States’ second deadliest hurricane and second deadliest natural disaster. The storm eventually ended its days as an extratropical storm over western New York that dissipated out over Lake Erie near Toronto.
A 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) tropical storm formed in the central Atlantic northeast of the Leeward Islands on September 8. Moving northwest while slowly intensifying, the system began to turn northward on September 10, and the system reached its peak of 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) early on September 10 while turning northeast and becoming extratropical. The remnants dissipated on September 12 over the open North Atlantic.
A tropical storm formed on October 10 in the eastern tropical Atlantic west of Cape Verde. Moving north-northwest, the system maintained intensity on October 11 before beginning to intensify more rapidly on October 12. The strengthening tropical storm intensified to its peak as an 80 miles per hour (130 km/h) Category 1 hurricane on October 13 as it began to turn northeast. In the process, the hurricane weakened to a 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) tropical storm on October 14, and the system became extratropical later that day and dissipated on October 15.