1929–30 NHL season
|League||National Hockey League|
|Duration||November 14, 1929 - April 3, 1930|
|Number of games||44|
|Number of teams||10|
|Season champions||Boston Bruins|
|Season MVP||Nels Stewart (Montreal Maroons)|
|Top scorer||Cooney Weiland (Boston)|
|Canadian Division champions||Montreal Maroons|
|American Division champions||Boston Bruins|
|Stanley Cup champions||Montreal Canadiens|
The 1929–30 NHL season was the 13th season of the National Hockey League. Ten teams played 44 games each. The Montreal Canadiens upset the heavily favoured Boston Bruins two games to none for the Stanley Cup.
The league instituted in the new rules the standard dimensions for ice hockey rinks, that of 200 feet (61 m) × 85 feet (26 m). The already-built Boston Garden 191 feet (58 m) × 88 feet (27 m) and the soon-to-be-open Chicago Stadium 188 feet (57 m) × 85 feet (26 m), which were smaller were exempt from the new rule.
To combat low scoring, the off-side rules were rewritten. Players were now allowed forward passing in the offensive zone, instead of only in the defensive and neutral zones. Players were now allowed to enter the offensive zone before the puck. The only off-side rule left was that passing was not allowed from one zone to another. The changes led to abuse: players sat in front of the opposing net waiting for a pass. The rule was changed in mid-season and players were no longer allowed to enter the offensive zone before the puck.
Cooney Weiland of the Boston Bruins took advantage of the rule changes and smashed the old NHL scoring record with 73 points. Weiland and Tiny Thompson, who won the Vezina Trophy with a 2.23 goals against average, led the Bruins to a final season standings record of 38 wins, 5 losses, and 1 tie — an .875 winning percentage, an NHL record.
Conn Smythe brought up two outstanding forwards, Harvey "Busher" Jackson, and Charlie Conacher, and combined with Joe Primeau, the Kid Line was born. Conacher actually scored on his first shift in the NHL. Jackson got his nickname Busher from Tim Daly, the Toronto trainer, when asked by Daly to assist with some sticks. "I'm a hockey player, not a stickboy," Jackson told Daly, who replied, "Why you fresh young busher!" And it was Busher Jackson from that day on.
On January 7, 1930, Clint Benedict became the first goalie in NHL history to don a protective face mask. He did so for five games to protect a broken nose. The next time a mask made its way into the NHL was almost 30 years later when Jacques Plante wore one in a game on November 1, 1959.
Eddie Gerard resigned as manager-coach of the Montreal Maroons. He was replaced as manager by team president James Strachan. Dunc Munro was hired as coach and led the team to first place in the Canadian Division.
There was a well-founded rumour that Eddie Gerard would take the coaching reins of Ottawa from Newsy Lalonde when Lalonde was not well. Dave Gill filled in during his absence and the team did much better and made the playoffs. Gerard turned down the coaching job.
The Boston Bruins set a record for most consecutive home ice wins, with 20. This record would stand for 82 years, being matched by the 1975-76 Philadelphia Flyers, and surpassed by the 2011-12 Detroit Red Wings.
|Chicago Black Hawks||44||21||18||5||117||111||47|
|New York Rangers||44||17||17||10||136||143||44|
|Toronto Maple Leafs||44||17||21||6||116||124||40|
|New York Americans||44||14||25||5||113||161||33|
Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against, PIM = Penalties in minutes
Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold.
After defeating the Montreal Maroons and after having not lost consecutive games all season, the Boston Bruins were swept by the Montreal Canadiens two games to none in a best-of-three series. The first game saw Boston play way below its usual form. The Canadiens then won the Stanley Cup with a 4–3 victory in game two. The Canadiens went 5–0–1 in the playoffs, making them one of the few Stanley Cup-winning teams in history to not lose a game in the playoffs.
|Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Stanley Cup Final|
|A2||Chicago Black Hawks||2G|
|A3||New York Rangers||0|
|A3||New York Rangers||6G|
Nels Stewart won the Hart Trophy for the second time. Frank Boucher won the Lady Byng for the third consecutive year. Tiny Thompson won the Vezina for the first time. Thompson would go on to win the trophy four times.
|1929–30 NHL awards|
(Canadian Division champion)
|Prince of Wales Trophy:
(American Division champion)
(Most valuable player)
|Nels Stewart, Montreal Maroons|
|Lady Byng Trophy:
(Excellence and sportsmanship)
|Frank Boucher, New York Rangers|
(Fewest goals allowed)
|Tiny Thompson, Boston Bruins|
Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes
|Cooney Weiland||Boston Bruins||44||43||30||73||27|
|Frank Boucher||New York Rangers||42||26||36||62||16|
|Dit Clapper||Boston Bruins||44||41||20||61||48|
|Bill Cook||New York Rangers||44||29||30||59||56|
|Hec Kilrea||Ottawa Senators||44||36||22||58||23|
|Nels Stewart||Montreal Maroons||44||39||16||55||81|
|Howie Morenz||Montreal Canadiens||44||40||10||50||72|
|Norman Himes||New York Americans||44||22||28||50||15|
|Joe Lamb||Ottawa Senators||44||29||20||49||119|
|Dutch Gainor||Boston Bruins||43||18||31||49||39|
|Tiny Thompson||Boston Bruins||44||38||5||1||2680||98||3||2.19|
|Flat Walsh||Montreal Maroons||30||16||10||4||1897||74||2||2.34|
|George Hainsworth||Montreal Canadiens||42||20||13||9||2680||108||4||2.42|
|Charlie Gardiner||Chicago Black Hawks||44||21||16||9||2750||111||3||2.42|
|Alex Connell||Ottawa Senators||44||21||15||8||2780||118||3||2.55|
The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1929–30 (listed with their first team, asterisk(*) marks debut in playoffs):
- Tom Cook, Chicago Black Hawks
- Ebbie Goodfellow, Detroit Cougars
- Syd Howe, Ottawa Senators
- Busher Jackson, Toronto Maple Leafs
- Charlie Conacher, Toronto Maple Leafs
The following is a list of players of note that played their last game in the NHL in 1929–30 (listed with their last team):
- Mickey MacKay, Boston Bruins
- Jimmy Herbert, Detroit Cougars
- Clint Benedict, Montreal Maroons
- Frank Nighbor, Toronto Maple Leafs
- Diamond, Dan, ed. (2000). Total Hockey. Total Sports. ISBN 1-892129-85-X.
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- Duplacey, James (1996). Diamond, Dan, ed. The annotated rules of hockey. Lyons & Burford. ISBN 1-55821-466-6.
- Dryden, Steve, ed. (2000). Century of hockey. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart Ltd. ISBN 0-7710-4179-9.
- Fischler, Stan; Fischler, Shirley; Hughes, Morgan; Romain, Joseph; Duplacey, James (2003). The Hockey Chronicle: Year-by-Year History of the National Hockey League. Publications International Inc. ISBN 0-7853-9624-1.
- McFarlane, Brian (1973). The Story of the National Hockey League. New York, NY: Pagurian Press. ISBN 0-684-13424-1.
- Duplacey 1996, pp. 1–2.
- Duplacey 1996, p. 143.
- Duplacey 1996, p. 144.
- Dinger 2011, p. 146.
- "1929-1930 - Regular Season - Goaltender - Goalie Season Stats Leaders - Goals Against Average". nhl.com. Retrieved June 21, 2012.