1930–31 NHL season
|League||National Hockey League|
|Duration||November 11, 1930 - April 14, 1931|
|Number of games||44|
|Number of teams||10|
|Season champions||Boston Bruins|
|Season MVP||Howie Morenz (Montreal Canadiens)|
|Top scorer||Howie Morenz (Montreal Canadiens)|
|Canadian Division champions||Montreal Canadiens|
|American Division champions||Boston Bruins|
|Stanley Cup champions||Montreal Canadiens|
|Runners-up||Chicago Black Hawks|
The 1930–31 NHL season was the 14th season of the National Hockey League. Ten teams played 44 games each. The Montreal Canadiens beat the Chicago Black Hawks three games to two in a best-of-five Stanley Cup final for their second consecutive Cup win.
Art Ross bitterly complained about the Stanley Cup final setup. His team had been vanquished in two consecutive games by the Montreal Canadiens in 1929–30. As a result, the Board of Governors decided to make the final a best-of-five series.
The Great Depression was starting to take its toll on the NHL. In attempts to solve financial problems, the Pittsburgh Pirates moved to Philadelphia and became the Philadelphia Quakers, but there was nothing about the team to win games or fans. It was intended that the team stay in Philadelphia only until a new arena was built in Pittsburgh. The arena was never built, and the team folded after only one season in the new city. The state of Pennsylvania would be without an NHL team until the league doubled in size 36 years later.
The Ottawa Senators were in a similar financial boat but instead of relocating, they sold a star asset and future Hall of Famer, King Clancy, to the Toronto Maple Leafs for $35,000 and two players. Even after the sale of Clancy, the Senators' owners put the team up for sale for $200,000, although no bids approached anywhere near that figure. The team would suspend operations before the start of the next season.
Howie Morenz led the league in scoring.
|Chicago Black Hawks||44||24||17||3||108||78||51|
|New York Rangers||44||19||16||9||106||87||47|
|Toronto Maple Leafs||44||22||13||9||118||99||53|
|New York Americans||44||18||16||10||76||74||46|
GP = Games Played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against
Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold.
On 26 March, during the second game of the best-of-five series between the Bruins and Canadiens, coach-GM Art Ross of Boston pulled his goalie for an extra attacker while down 1–0 with 40 seconds left in the final period. The attempt was unsuccessful. This marked the first time in Stanley Cup play that a goalie was pulled for an extra attacker.
Stanley Cup Final
In the final series, the Chicago Black Hawks took an early two games to one lead in the newly expanded best-of-five Stanley Cup finals but the Montreal Canadiens came back and won the series three games to two for their second consecutive Stanley Cup win.
Montreal Canadiens vs. Chicago Blackhawks
|April 3||Montreal Canadiens||2||Chicago Blackhawks||1|
|April 5||Montreal Canadiens||1||Chicago Blackhawks||2||2OT|
|April 9||Chicago Blackhawks||3||Montreal Canadiens||2||3OT|
|April 11||Chicago Blackhawks||1||Montreal Canadiens||2|
|April 14||Chicago Blackhawks||1||Montreal Canadiens||2|
Montreal wins best-of-five series three games to two.
|Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Stanley Cup Final|
|A2||Chicago Black Hawks||2|
|C2||Toronto Maple Leafs||3G|
|A2||Chicago Black Hawks||4G|
|A2||Chicago Black Hawks||3G|
|A3||New York Rangers||0G|
|A3||New York Rangers||8G|
Howie Morenz won the Hart Trophy for the second time in his career. Frank Boucher won the Lady Byng for the fourth consecutive year. Roy Worters won the Vezina Trophy for the one and only time in his career.
|1930–31 NHL awards|
(Canadian Division champion)
|Prince of Wales Trophy:
(American Division champion)
(Most valuable player)
|Howie Morenz, Montreal Canadiens|
|Lady Byng Trophy:
(Excellence and sportsmanship)
|Frank Boucher, New York Rangers|
(Fewest goals allowed)
|Roy Worters, New York Americans|
This was the first season that the NHL named its 'all-stars'. Although Roy Worters won the Vezina Trophy for "most valuable goaltender", Charlie Gardiner and Tiny Thompson were named to the all-star teams at the goaltender position.
|Howie Morenz||Montreal Canadiens||39||28||23||51||49|
|Ebbie Goodfellow||Detroit Red Wings||44||25||23||48||32|
|Charlie Conacher||Toronto Maple Leafs||37||31||12||43||78|
|Bill Cook||New York Rangers||43||30||12||42||39|
|Ace Bailey||Toronto Maple Leafs||40||23||19||42||46|
|Joe Primeau||Toronto Maple Leafs||38||9||32||41||18|
|Nels Stewart||Montreal Maroons||42||25||14||39||75|
|Frank Boucher||New York Rangers||44||12||27||39||20|
|Cooney Weiland||Boston Bruins||44||25||13||38||14|
|Bun Cook||New York Rangers||44||18||17||35||72|
|Aurel Joliat||Montreal Canadiens||43||13||22||35||73|
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2011)|
The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1930–31 (listed with their first team, asterisk(*) marks debut in playoffs):
- Art Chapman, Boston Bruins
- Doc Romnes, Chicago Black Hawks
- John Sorrell, Detroit Falcons
- Johnny Gagnon, Montreal Canadiens
- Paul Haynes, Montreal Maroons
- Dave Kerr, Montreal Maroons
- Alex Levinsky, Toronto Maple Leafs
- Bob Gracie, Toronto Maple Leafs
The following is a list of players of note that played their last game in the NHL in 1930–31 (listed with their last team):
- Frank Fredrickson, Detroit Falcons
- Bert McCaffrey, Montreal Canadiens
- Joe Simpson, New York Americans
- Babe Dye, Toronto Maple Leafs
- Diamond, Dan, ed. (2000). Total Hockey. Total Sports. ISBN 1-892129-85-X.
- Diamond, Dan, ed. (2009). NHL Official Guide & Rule Book 2010. NHL.
- Dinger, Ralph, ed. (2011). The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book 2012. Dan Diamond & Associates. ISBN 978-1-894801-22-5.
- Dryden, Steve, ed. (2000). Century of hockey. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart Ltd. ISBN 0-7710-4179-9.
- Fischler, Stan; Fischler, Shirley; Hughes, Morgan; Romain, Joseph; Duplacey, James (2003). The Hockey Chronicle: Year-by-Year History of the National Hockey League. Publications International Inc. ISBN 0-7853-9624-1.
- McFarlane, Brian (1973). The Story of the National Hockey League. New York, NY: Pagurian Press. ISBN 0-684-13424-1.
- Kitchen, Paul (2008). Win, Tie or Wrangle. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press. ISBN 978-1-897323-46-5.
- McFarlane, Brian (1989). One hundred years of hockey. Toronto, Ontario: Deneau Publishers. ISBN 0-88879-216-6.