1930 United States Census

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Fifteenth Census
of the United States
Census Bureau seal.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General Information
Date Taken April 1, 1930
Total U.S. Population 122,775,046
Percent Change Increase 13.7%
Most Populous State New York
12,588,066
Least Populous State Nevada
91,058
Population Schedule
1930 census Norton Carr.jpg
Indian Census Roll
Robert (Bob) Barker - South Dakota's Indian Census Roll; April 1, 1930.jpg

The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.

Census questions[edit]

The 1930 Census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • home owned or rented
    • if owned, value of home
    • if rented, monthly rent
  • whether owned a radio set
  • whether on a farm
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status and, if married, age at first marriage
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • birthplace of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born:
    • language spoken at home before coming to the U. S.
    • year of immigration
    • whether naturalized
    • ability to speak English
  • occupation, industry and class of worker
  • whether at work previous day (or last regular work day)
  • veteran status
  • if Indian:
    • whether of full or mixed blood
    • tribal affiliation

Full documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability[edit]

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[2] The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, and available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along with digital indices.

Microdata from the 1930 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings[edit]

1930 U.S. State Population Rankings
Rank State Population
1 New York 12,588,066
2 Pennsylvania 9,631,350
3 Illinois 7,630,654
4 Ohio 6,646,697
5 Texas 5,824,715
6 California 5,677,251
7 Michigan 4,842,325
8 Massachusetts 4,249,614
9 New Jersey 4,041,334
10 Missouri 3,629,367
11 Indiana 3,238,503
12 North Carolina 3,170,276
13 Wisconsin 2,939,006
14 Georgia 2,908,506
15 Alabama 2,646,248
16 Tennessee 2,616,556
17 Kentucky 2,614,589
18 Minnesota 2,563,953
19 Iowa 2,470,939
20 Virginia 2,421,851
21 Oklahoma 2,396,040
22 Louisiana 2,101,593
23 Mississippi 2,009,821
24 Kansas 1,880,999
25 Arkansas 1,854,482
26 South Carolina 1,738,765
27 West Virginia 1,729,205
28 Maryland 1,631,526
29 Connecticut 1,606,903
30 Washington 1,563,396
31 Florida 1,468,211
32 Nebraska 1,377,963
33 Colorado 1,035,791
34 Oregon 953,786
35 Maine 797,423
36 South Dakota 692,849
37 Rhode Island 687,497
38 North Dakota 680,845
39 Montana 537,606
40 Utah 507,847
x District of Columbia 486,869
41 New Hampshire 465,293
42 Idaho 445,032
43 Arizona 435,573
44 New Mexico 423,317
45 Vermont 359,611
46 Delaware 238,380
47 Wyoming 225,565
48 Nevada 91,058
-- Total 122,775,046

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  2. ^ The United States National Archives and Records Administration. "FAQs about the 1930 Census". National Archives website. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]