1930 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1920 . 1921 . 1922 . 1923 . 1924 . 1925 . 1926 ...
1927 1928 1929 -1930- 1931 1932 1933
... 1934 . 1935 . 1936 . 1937 . 1938 . 1939 . 1940 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
Astronomy and space exploration
- February 18 - Pluto is identified by Clyde Tombaugh from photographs taken during January at the Lowell Observatory.
- Bernhard Schmidt invents the Schmidt Camera.
- January 30 - Pavel Molchanov launches a radiosonde from Pavlovsk in the Soviet Union.
- Sydney Chapman explains the ozone-oxygen cycle, the process by which ozone is continually regenerated in Earth's stratosphere.
History of science
- Soviet Orientalist Vasily Vasilievich Struve, with Boris Turaev, provides solutions to the problems in the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus.
- Vojtěch Jarník first discovers 'Prim's algorithm'.
- Kazimierz Kuratowski characterizes his planar graph theorem.
- Bartel van der Waerden publishes Moderne Algebra.
- March 5 - Danish painter Einar Wegener begins sexual reassignment surgery in Germany and takes the name Lili Elbe.
- November 25 - Cecil George Paine, a pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary in England, achieves the first recorded cure (of an eye infection) using penicillin.
- DPT vaccine (against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis) is first used.
- Israel Aharoni collects golden hamsters near Aleppo from which all modern domesticated specimens will be bred.
- January 9 - Jacob T. Schwartz (died 2009), American mathematician, and professor of computer science at the New York University Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences.
- January 13 - Harold Furth (died 2002), expert in plasma physics and nuclear fusion.
- January 20 - Buzz Aldrin, astronaut, lunar module pilot on Apollo 11.
- February 28 - Leon Cooper, American physicist and Nobel Prize winner.
- March 15 - Martin Karplus, Austrian-born theoretical chemist and Nobel Prize winner.
- May 11 - Edsger Dijkstra (died 2002), computer scientist.
- June 2 – Pete Conrad (died 1999), astronaut.
- June 22 - Yuri Artyukhin (died 1998), cosmonaut.
- August 5 - Neil Armstrong (died 2012), astronaut, first person to walk on the Moon.
- August 7 - Joe Farman (died 2013), British geophysicist who worked for the British Antarctic Survey.
- October 17 - Dr. Robert Atkins (died 2003), nutritionist.
- November 14 - Edward White (died 1967), astronaut.
- January 19 - Frank P. Ramsey (born 1903), English mathematician.
- August 6 - Joseph Le Bel (born 1847), French chemist.
- August 15 - Florian Cajori (born 1859), Swiss-born American historian of mathematics.
- August 18 - Gabrielle Howard (born 1876), British plant physiologist.
- October 15 - E. H. "Chinese" Wilson (born 1876), English plant collector.
- September 1 - Peeter Põld (born 1878), Estonian politician and pedagogical scientist.
- November 5 - Christiaan Eijkman (born 1858), Dutch physiologist.
- "Bernhard Schmidt". University of Cambridge. Archived from the original on May 24, 2008.
- Smith, John K. (1985). "The Ten-Year Invention: Neoprene and Du Pont Research, 1930–1939". Technology and Culture 26: 34–55. JSTOR 3104528.
- Struve, Vasilij Vasil'evič; Turaev, Boris (1930). "Mathematischer Papyrus des Staatlichen Museums der Schönen Künste in Moskau". Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte der Mathematik; Abteilung A 1. Berlin: Springer.
- Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8.
- Wainwright, M.; Swan, H.T. (1986). "C.G. Paine and the earliest surviving clinical records of penicillin therapy". Medical History 30: 42–56. doi:10.1017/S0025727300045026. PMC 1139580. PMID 3511336.
- Kane, Joseph (1997). Famous First Facts: A Record of First Happenings, Discoveries, and Inventions in American History (5th ed.). H.W. Wilson Company. p. 5. ISBN 0-8242-0930-3.
- "Israel Aharoni". Professor Paul's Lives of the Great Naturalists. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011.