From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year
1930 in the United Kingdom.
Incumbents [ edit ]
1 February -
publishes its first The Times crossword. [1 ] March -
Fitness organisation the Women's League of Health and Beauty set up by Mary Bagot Stack; by 1939 it will have over 100,000 members. [2 ] 22 April - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the
London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding. 30 April - First section of the 132
kV AC National Grid, the Central Scotland Electricity Scheme, is switched on in Edinburgh. [3 ] 5 May - An explosion on the eleventh floor of Bibby's oil cake mill in
Liverpool leaves five dead and almost one hundred injured. 5–24 May -
Yorkshire-born Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (11,000 miles to landing at Darwin). [4 ] 28 May - The
BBC Symphony Orchestra is formed as a permanent full-scale ensemble under the directorship of Adrian Boult. It gives its first concert on 22 October at the Queen's Hall, London. [5 ] 5 July - The
Seventh Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops opens. This conference condones the use of birth control in limited circumstances, a move away from the Christian views on contraception expressed by the Sixth Conference a decade earlier. 14 July - Transmission by the
BBC of the first experimental television play, . The Man With the Flower in His Mouth [4 ] 29 July - British
airship R100 sets out for a successful 78-hour passage to Canada. 7 August - Two million people are unemployed.
16 August - The
first British Empire Games are held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. [4 ] 29 August - Remaining inhabitants of the island of
St Kilda, Scotland, are voluntarily evacuated to the mainland. [6 ] 24 September - First performance of
Noël Coward's comedy at the Private Lives Phoenix Theatre (London) featuring Coward, Gertrude Lawrence and Laurence Olivier in the cast. [4 ] 1 October - 14 miners are killed in an explosion in a
coal pit near Cannock, Staffordshire. [7 ] 5 October - British airship
R101 crashes in France en route to India on its maiden voyage. [4 ] 6–10 October - Annual
Labour Party Conference (at Llandudno), the first chaired by a woman, Susan Lawrence, M.P. [8 ] Oswald Mosley unsuccessfully attempts to persuade it to adopt the 'Mosley Memorandum' on tackling unemployment. 20 October - British White Paper demands restrictions on
Jewish immigration into Mandatory Palestine. [1 ] 12 November -
First Round Table Conference on the future status of India opens in London. [1 ] 25 November - Cecil George Paine, a
pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary, achieves the first recorded cure (of an eye infection) using penicillin. [9 ] December -
Youth Hostels Association opens its first hostel, at Pennant Hall near Llanrwst in North Wales. [10 ] 20 December -
- a landmark case in R v Betts and Ridley English criminal law which establishes that to be convicted of a crime, it is not necessary for an accessory actually to be present when the offence is carried out. [11 ] 24 December - In
London, inventor Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures to the clouds.
Undated [ edit ]
Unemployment averages more than 18% in Britain. Housing Act provides government subsidy for slum clearance,
and construction of further new council houses as replacements. [12 ] [13 ] Start of local authorities' assisted wiring scheme to encourage people to connect their homes to the public electricity supply.
[14 ] Poor Prisoners' Defence Act provides for limited extension of
Philco produces the first of its "Baby grand" designs of radio of which it will sell two million. [15 ]
Publications [ edit ]
26 January -
John Straffen, serial killer (died 2007) 13 February -
Ronald Stretton, track cyclist 7 March -
Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, photographer and filmmaker 8 April -
Dorothy Tutin, actress (died 2001) 17 April -
Chris Barber, jazz trombonist 9 May -
Joan Sims, actress (died 2001) 27 July -
Shirley Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby, co-founder of the Social Democratic Party 8 August -
Barry Unsworth, novelist 13 August -
Bernard Manning, comedian (died 2007) 17 August -
Ted Hughes, poet (died 1998) 21 August - Princess Margaret Rose, later
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (died 2002) 25 August -
Sean Connery, actor 28 August -
Windsor Davies, actor 10 October -
Harold Pinter, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2008) 28 October -
Bernie Ecclestone, auto racing tycoon 14 November
15 November -
J. G. Ballard, writer (died 2009) 22 November -
Peter Hall, theatre director 1 December -
Kenneth Box, track and field sprinter 4 December -
Ronnie Corbett, comedian 27 December -
Wilfrid Sheed, English-born American writer
19 January -
Frank P. Ramsey, mathematician (born 1903) 2 March -
D. H. Lawrence, writer (born 1885) 19 March -
Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1848) 21 April -
Robert Bridges, poet (born 1844) 25 May -
Randall Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1848) 7 July -
Arthur Conan Doyle, author (born 1859) 29 August -
William Archibald Spooner, scholar, Anglican priest and metathesist (born 1844) 4 November -
Evelyn Colyer, tennis player (born 1902) 27 November -
Johnny Tyldesley, cricketer (born 1873)
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 372–373. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
^ "The Fitness League History". Fitness League . Retrieved 2011-01-10.
^ Shaw, Alan (29 September 2005). "Kelvin to Weir, and on to GB SYS 2005" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh . Retrieved 2011-01-10.
^ a b c d e Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
^ Boult, Adrian (1973). My Own Trumpet. London: Hamish Hamilton. p. 99. ISBN 0241024455.
^ "St Kilda". National Trust for Scotland. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010 . Retrieved 2010-09-10.
^ "Miners die in pit explosion". Wolverhampton: Express & Star . Retrieved 2012-08-13.
^ "The Labour Party Conference". (45636) (London). 6 October 1930. p. 11. The Times
^ Wainwright, M.; Swan, H.T. (1986). "C.G. Paine and the earliest surviving clinical records of penicillin therapy". Medical History 30: 42–56. doi: 10.1017/S0025727300045026. PMC 1139580. PMID 3511336 . Retrieved 2010-03-15.
^ Coburn, Oliver (1950). Youth Hostel Story. London: National Council of Social Service.
^ Slapper, Gary (23 June 2008). "The cases that changed Britain: 1917-1954". The Times (London) . Retrieved 31 March 2009.
^ The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. p. 391. ISBN 978-1-85585-178-8.
^ Biscoe, John. "History of public supply in the UK". Engineering Timelines . Retrieved 2010-10-12.
^ Mahon, Morgan E. (1990). A Flick of the Switch 1930–1950. Antiques Electronics Supply. p. 116.
See also [ edit ]