1932 Tour de France
|Route of the 1932 Tour de France
Followed counterclockwise, starting in Paris
|Dates||6–31 July 1932|
|Distance||4,479 km (2,783 mi)|
|Winning time||154h 11' 49" (29.047 km/h or 18.049 mph)|
|Winner||André Leducq (France)||(France)|
|Second||Kurt Stöpel (Germany)||(Germany/Austria)|
|Third||Francesco Camusso (Italy)||(Italy)|
André Leducq, who also won six stages, won the race, thanks to the bonification system; had the bonification system not existed, the margin between Leducq and Kurt Stöpel had only been three seconds.
Changes from the 1931 Tour de France
In the 1931 Tour de France, there had been a time bonification system, which gave 3 minutes of bonification to the winner of the stage, if he finished more than three minutes ahead of the second cyclist in that stage. In 1932, this bonification system changed: now the winner of the stage received 4 minutes, the second-placed cyclist 2 minutes and the third-placed cyclist 1 minute, plus an extra three minutes if the margin was more than three minutes. The bonification system was invented to give sprinters, who lost a lot of time in the mountains, a chance to battle for the general classification.
The number of stages decreased from 24 to 21. The total distance also decreased, so the average length per stage remained about the same, 215 km (compared to 160–170 km in modern Tours).
For the third year, the race was run in the national team format, with five different teams. Belgium, Italy, Switzerland and France each sent a team with eight cyclists, while Germany and Austria sent a combined team, with seven German cyclists and one Austrian cyclist. In addition, 40 cyclists joined as touriste-routiers.
Charles Pélissier, who had won 13 stages in the 1930 and 1931 Tours, and Antonin Magne, the winner of 1931, were absent from the French team. Still, there were so many good French cyclists in that time that the French team was still considered superior.
The Italian team included three Giro d'Italia winners: the winner from the 1930 Giro d'Italia, Luigi Marchisio; the winner from the 1931 Giro d'Italia, Francesco Camusso and the winner from the 1932 Giro d'Italia, Antonio Pesenti.
In the first stage, the Belgians had a good start. Jean Aerts won the stage, with Jef Demuysere in second place. In the second stage, there were struggles in the Belgian team between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking cyclists. Aerst, Dutch-speaking, did not get the support from his French-speaking team mates, and lost ten minutes in that stage, together with the Italian favourites. German Kurt Stöpel won the stage, and donned the yellow jersey, thanks to the bonification. Stöpel was the first German cyclist to lead the general classification in the Tour de France. In the third stage, the longest stage of this Tour with 387 km, Stöpel lost the lead to André Leducq. Leducq kept the lead for the rest of the race, winning six stages along the way. In the fifth stage, Spanish Vicente Trueba escaped and reached the top of the Col d'Aubisque first. On the way down, Benoît Fauré overtook him, and reached the Tourmalet first. But he didn't win the stage, as Italian Antonio Pesenti caught him. Behind the leaders in the stage, Leducq was fighting for the leading position in the general classification. He was not a good climber, but was one of the best descenders.
In the tenth stage, Leducq almost lost the lead. Camusso had escaped, and Stöpel had followed him. Leducq lost more than five minutes in the stage, and even more due to the bonification time. After that stage, Stöpel was within three minutes of Leducq, and Camusso within six minutes. In the eleventh stage, Leducq could have lost the race. Benoît Fauré, a French cyclist riding as a touriste-routier, escaped, and was followed by Francesco Camusso. At one point, they were so far ahead that Camusso was the virtual leader, but eventually they were caught back.
- Stage 3, when Leducq won 45 seconds
- Stage 5, when Leducq won 20 seconds
- Stage 10, when Stöpel won 2 minutes and 52 seconds
- Stage 13, when Leducq won 1 minute and 50 seconds
Without the bonification system, the time difference between Leducq and Stöpel was three seconds. Leducq received 31 bonification minutes (six first places, two second places and three third place), while Stöpel received only 7 bonification minutes (one first place and three third places).
The cyclist to reach the finish in the least time was the winner of the stage. The time that each cyclist required to finish the stage was recorded. For the general classification, these times were added together. If a cyclist had received a time bonus, it was subtracted from this total; all time penalties were added to this total. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.
The team classification was calculated by adding up the times in the general classification of the three highest ranking cyclists per team; the team with the least time was the winner.
|Stage||Date||Route||Terrain[Notes 1]||Length||Winner||Race leader|
|1||6 July||Paris – Caen||Plain stage||208 km (129 mi)||Jean Aerts (BEL)||Jean Aerts (BEL)|
|2||7 July||Caen – Nantes||Plain stage||300 km (190 mi)||Kurt Stöpel (GER)||Kurt Stöpel (GER)|
|3||9 July||Nantes – Bordeaux||Plain stage||387 km (240 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|4||11 July||Bordeaux – Pau||Plain stage||206 km (128 mi)||Georges Ronsse (BEL)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|5||12 July||Pau – Luchon||Stage with mountain(s)||229 km (142 mi)||Antonio Pesenti (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|6||14 July||Luchon – Perpignan||Stage with mountain(s)||322 km (200 mi)||Frans Bonduel (BEL)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|7||16 July||Perpignan – Montpellier||Plain stage||168 km (104 mi)||Frans Bonduel (BEL)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|8||17 July||Montpellier – Marseille||Plain stage||206 km (128 mi)||Michele Orecchia (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|9||18 July||Marseille – Cannes||Plain stage||191 km (119 mi)||Rafaele di Paco (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|10||19 July||Cannes – Nice||Stage with mountain(s)||132 km (82 mi)||Francesco Camusso (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|11||21 July||Nice – Gap||Stage with mountain(s)||233 km (145 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|12||22 July||Gap – Grenoble||Stage with mountain(s)||102 km (63 mi)||Roger Lapébie (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|13||23 July||Grenoble – Aix-les-Bains||Stage with mountain(s)||230 km (140 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|14||24 July||Aix-les-Bains – Evian||Stage with mountain(s)||204 km (127 mi)||Rafaele di Paco (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|15||25 July||Evian – Belfort||Stage with mountain(s)||291 km (181 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|16||26 July||Belfort – Strasbourg||Plain stage||145 km (90 mi)||Gérard Loncke (BEL)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|17||27 July||Strasbourg – Metz||Plain stage||165 km (103 mi)||Rafaele di Paco (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|18||28 July||Metz – Charleville||Plain stage||159 km (99 mi)||Rafaele di Paco (ITA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|19||29 July||Charleville – Malo-les-Bains||Plain stage||271 km (168 mi)||Gaston Rebry (BEL)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|20||30 July||Malo-les-Bains – Amiens||Plain stage||212 km (132 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
|21||31 July||Amiens – Paris||Plain stage||159 km (99 mi)||André Leducq (FRA)||André Leducq (FRA)|
Final general classification
|1||André Leducq (FRA)||France||154h 11' 49"|
|2||Kurt Stöpel (GER)||Germany/Austria||+24' 03"|
|3||Francesco Camusso (ITA)||Italy||+26' 21"|
|4||Antonio Pesenti (ITA)||Italy||+37' 08"|
|5||Georges Ronsse (BEL)||Belgium||+41' 04"|
|6||Frans Bonduel (BEL)||Belgium||+45' 13"|
|7||Oskar Thierbach (GER)||Germany/Austria||+58' 44"|
|8||Jef Demuysere (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 03' 24"|
|9||Luigi Barral (ITA)||Touriste-routier||+1h 06' 57"|
|10||Georges Speicher (FRA)||France||+1h 08' 37"|
|Final general classification (11–57)|
|11||Albert Büchi (SUI)||Switzerland||+1h 13' 33"|
|12||Benoît Fauré (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+1h 14' 12"|
|13||Jean Aerts (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 16' 24"|
|14||Michele Orecchia (ITA)||Italy||+1h 18' 45"|
|15||Georges Lemaire (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 19' 18"|
|16||Maurice Archambaud (FRA)||France||+1h 25' 27"|
|17||Jan Wauters (BEL)||Touriste-Routier||+1h 29' 21"|
|18||René Bernard (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+1h 35' 28"|
|19||Max Bulla (AUT)||Germany/Austria||+1h 38' 23"|
|20||Gaston Rebry (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 39' 01"|
|21||Augusto Zanzi (ITA)||Touriste-Routier||+1h 45' 56"|
|22||Ludwig Geyer (GER)||Germany/Austria||+1h 49' 48"|
|23||Roger Lapébie (FRA)||France||+1h 55' 27"|
|24||Marcel Mazeyrat (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+1h 56' 53"|
|25||Julien Moineau (FRA)||France||+1h 58' 16"|
|26||Luigi Marchisio (ITA)||Italy||+1h 59' 47"|
|27||Vicente Trueba (ESP)||Touriste-Routier||+2h 00' 40"|
|28||Ernest Neuhard (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+2h 22' 21"|
|29||Georges Antenen (SUI)||Switzerland||+2h 24' 39"|
|30||Marcel Bidot (FRA)||France||+2h 29' 02"|
|31||Marius Guiramand (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+2h 29' 31"|
|32||Giuseppe Pancera (ITA)||Touriste-Routier||+2h 30' 12"|
|33||Raffaele Di Paco (ITA)||Italy||+2h 35' 51"|
|34||Gérard Loncke (BEL)||Belgium||+2h 41' 25"|
|35||Fernand Fayolle (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+2h 44' 33"|
|36||Alfred Büchi (SUI)||Switzerland||+2h 59' 37"|
|37||Lazare Venot (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 04' 31"|
|38||Amulio Viarengo (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 10' 27"|
|39||Herbert Sieronski (GER)||Germany/Austria||+3h 15' 13"|
|40||Jules Buysse (BEL)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 32' 25"|
|41||Alfred Bula (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 34' 06"|
|42||Aleardo Simoni (ITA)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 38' 18"|
|43||Émile Decroix (BEL)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 43' 20"|
|44||François Moreels (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+3h 55' 22"|
|45||Nicolas Frantz (LUX)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 00' 17"|
|46||Jean Goulême (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 06' 02"|
|47||Louis Peglion (FRA)||France||+4h 13' 53"|
|48||Karl Altenburger (GER)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 20' 41"|
|49||Albert Barthélémy (FRA)||France||+4h 21' 05"|
|50||Jean-Pierre Muller (LUX)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 21' 15"|
|51||François Haas (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 32' 29"|
|52||Robert Brugère (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 38' 35"|
|53||Francis Bouillet (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 47' 05"|
|54||Fernand Cornez (FRA)||Touriste-Routier||+4h 47' 18"|
|55||August Erne (SUI)||Switzerland||+4h 54' 45"|
|56||Georg Umbenhauer (GER)||Germany/Austria||+5h 03' 01"|
|57||Rudolf Risch (GER)||Germany/Austria||+5h 05' 14"|
Final team classification
|1||Italy||464h 57' 41"|
|4||Germany/ Austria||+38' 56"|
|5||Switzerland||+4h 14' 25"|
Winner André Leducq kept riding the Tour de France until 1938, but he never managed to win again, although he had three more stage victories. In total, he won 25 Tour de France stages, that was a record until it was broken by Eddy Merckx. Since then, only Bernard Hinault and Mark Cavendish have won more than 25 stage victories.
- There was no distinction in the rules between plain stages and mountain stages; the icons shown here indicate which stages included mountains, and which were run as time trials.
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