1934 St. Louis Cardinals season

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1934 St. Louis Cardinals
1934 World Series Champions
1934 National League Champions
Major League affiliations
Location
Results
Record 95–58 (.621)
League place 1st
Other information
Owner(s) Sam Breadon
Manager(s) Frankie Frisch
Local radio KMOX
(France Laux)
KWK
(Bob Thomas, Ray Schmidt)
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The 1934 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 53rd season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 43rd season in the National League. The Cardinals went 95–58 during the season and finished first in the National League. In the World Series, they defeated the Detroit Tigers in seven games, winning the last 11–0.

Offseason[edit]

Regular season[edit]

Pitcher Dizzy Dean won the MVP Award this year, with 30 wins, 195 strikeouts, and a 2.66 ERA. He was also named the Associated Press Athlete of the Year.[2]

The Gashouse Gang[edit]

The Gashouse Gang was a nickname applied to the Cardinals team of 1934. The Cardinals, by most accounts, earned this nickname from the team's generally very shabby appearance and rough-and-tumble tactics. An opponent once stated that the Cardinals players usually went into the field in unwashed, dirty, and smelly uniforms, which alone spread horror among their rivals.

According to one account, scrappy shortstop Leo Durocher coined the term. He and his teammates were speaking derisively of the American League, and the consensus was that the Redbirds – should they prevail in the National League race – would handle whoever won the AL pennant. "Why, they wouldn't even let us in that league over there," Durocher, who had played for the New York Yankees, observed. "They think we're just a bunch of gashousers." The phrase "gas house" referred to plants that manufactured town gas for lighting and cooking from coal, which were common fixtures in US cities prior to the widespread use of natural gas. The plants were noted for their foul smell and were typically located near railroad yards in the poorest neighborhood in the city.

Led by playing manager Frankie Frisch and the hard-nosed Durocher, as well as stars like Joe Medwick, Ripper Collins, Pepper Martin, Bill DeLancey and brothers Dizzy and Paul Dean, the '34 Cardinals won 95 games, the NL pennant, and the World Series in seven games over the Detroit Tigers.

The team featured five regulars who hit at least .300, a 30-game winner in Dizzy Dean (the last National League pitcher to win 30 games in a single season, and the last pitcher in Major League Baseball to do so until Denny McLain accomplished the feat for the 1968 Detroit Tigers), and four All-Stars, including player-manager Frisch. Not among the All-Stars was Collins, the first baseman who led the team in 16 offensive categories, with stats like a .333 batting average, a .615 slugging percentage, 35 home runs, and 128 runs batted in.

Season standings[edit]

National League W L GB Pct.
St. Louis Cardinals 95 58 -- .621
New York Giants 93 60 2 .608
Chicago Cubs 86 65 8 .570
Boston Braves 78 73 16 .517
Pittsburgh Pirates 74 76 19.5 .493
Brooklyn Dodgers 61 81 23.5 .467
Philadelphia Phillies 56 93 37 .376
Cincinnati Reds 52 99 42 .344

Notable transactions[edit]

Roster[edit]

1934 St. Louis Cardinals
Roster
Pitchers Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Other batters

Manager

Coaches

Player stats[edit]

Batting[edit]

Starters by position[edit]

Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
C Davis, SpudSpud Davis 107 347 104 .300 9 65
1B Collins, RipperRipper Collins 154 600 200 .333 35 128
2B Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch 140 550 168 .305 3 75
3B Martin, PepperPepper Martin 110 454 131 .289 5 49
SS Durocher, LeoLeo Durocher 146 500 130 .260 3 70
OF Rothrock, JackJack Rothrock 154 647 184 .284 11 72
OF Medwick, JoeJoe Medwick 149 620 198 .319 18 106
OF Orsatti, ErnieErnie Orsatti 105 337 101 .300 0 31

Other batters[edit]

Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
DeLancey, BillBill DeLancey 93 253 80 .316 13 40
Moore, GeneGene Moore 9 18 5 .278 0 1
Healy, FrancisFrancis Healy 15 13 4 .308 0 1

Pitching[edit]

Starting pitchers[edit]

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Dean, DizzyDizzy Dean 50 311.2 30 7 2.66 195
Carleton, TexTex Carleton 40 240.2 16 11 4.26 103
Dean, PaulPaul Dean 39 233.1 19 11 3.43 150
Hallahan, BillBill Hallahan 32 162.2 8 12 4.26 70

Other pitchers[edit]

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Winford, JimJim Winford 5 12.2 0 2 7.82 3

Relief pitchers[edit]

Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G W L SV ERA SO
Haines, JesseJesse Haines 37 4 4 1 3.50 17
Grimes, BurleighBurleigh Grimes 4 2 1 0 3.52 1
Martin, PepperPepper Martin 1 0 0 0 4.50 0
Heise, ClarenceClarence Heise 1 0 0 0 4.50 1

1934 World Series[edit]

Main article: 1934 World Series

In the World Series, the Cards and Tigers split the first two games in Detroit, and the Tigers took two of the next three in St. Louis. St. Louis proceeded to win the next two, including an 11–0 embarrassment of the Tigers in Detroit to win the Series. The stars for the Cardinals were Medwick, who had a .379 batting average with one of St. Louis' two home runs and a series-high five RBI, and the Dean brothers, who combined for all four of the teams wins with 28 strikeouts and a minuscule 1.43 earned run average.

NL St. Louis Cardinals (4) vs. AL Detroit Tigers (3)

Game Score Date Location Attendance
1 Cardinals – 8, Tigers – 3 October 3 Navin Field 42,505
2 Cardinals – 2, Tigers – 3 (12 innings) October 4 Navin Field 43,451
3 Tigers – 1, Cardinals – 4 October 5 Sportsman's Park 37,073
4 Tigers – 10, Cardinals – 4 October 6 Sportsman's Park 37,492
5 Tigers – 3, Cardinals – 1 October 7 Sportsman's Park 38,536
6 Cardinals – 4, Tigers – 3 October 8 Navin Field 44,551
7 Cardinals – 11, Tigers – 0 October 9 Navin Field 40,902

League leaders[edit]

Ripper Collins

  • #1 in NL in home runs (35)
  • #1 in NL in slugging percentage (.615)
  • #2 in NL in runs batted in (128)
  • #3 in NL in hits (200)
  • #3 in NL in runs scored (116)

Dizzy Dean

  • #1 in MLB in wins (30)
  • #1 in MLB in strikeouts (195)
  • #1 in MLB in shutouts (7)
  • #2 in NL in earned run average (2.66)

Paul Dean

  • #2 in NL in shutouts (5)
  • #3 in NL in strikeouts (150)

Pepper Martin

  • #1 in NL in stolen bases (23)

Farm system[edit]

Level Team League Manager
AA Columbus Red Birds American Association Ray Blades
AA Rochester Red Wings International League Specs Toporcer
A Elmira Red Wings New York-Pennsylvania League Ira Smith and Joe Mathes
A Houston Buffaloes Texas League Carey Selph
B Springfield Red Birds Central League Joe Mathes
B Greensboro Patriots Piedmont League Bob Rice
C Huntington Red Birds Middle Atlantic League Eddie Dyer
C Paris Pirates/Lufkin Lumbermen West Dixie League Wayne Windle
C Springfield Red Wings Western Association Mike Ryba
D Martinsville Manufacturers Bi-State League Jimmie Sanders
D Beatrice Blues Nebraska State League Sonny Brookhaus
D Lincoln Links Nebraska State League Cy Lingle and Pug Griffin
D Norfolk Elkhorns Nebraska State League Joe McDermott
D Sioux Falls Canaries Nebraska State League Rex Stucker and Ralph Brandon
D Greensburg Trojans Pennsylvania State Association Clay Hopper

LEAGUE CHAMPIONS: Columbus, Springfield (Western Assn.), Lincoln, Greensburg

Central League folded, June 10, 1934; Paris franchise transferred to Lufkin and renamed, June 27[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ray Pepper page at Baseball-Reference
  2. ^ Associated Press Athlete of the Year (male)
  3. ^ Francis Healy page at Baseball Reference
  4. ^ Johnson, Lloyd, and Wolff, Miles, ed., The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball, 2nd and 3rd editions. Durham, N.C.: Baseball America, 1997 and 2007

External links[edit]