1934 Thrace pogroms

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1934 Thrace pogroms
Location Trakya, Turkey
Date June-July 1934
Target Property of the Jewish population of the city.
Deaths 1 Turkish gendarmerie private killed[1]

1934 Thrace pogroms (Turkish: Trakya Olayları) refers to a series of violent attacks against Jewish citizens of Turkey in June and July 1934 in the Thrace region of Turkey. According to Corry Guttstadt, a "crucial factor" behind the events was the 1934 Turkish Resettlement Law passed by the Turkish Assembly on 14 June 1934.[2]

History[edit]

The pogroms occurred in Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli, and Çanakkale, and were motivated by anti-Semitism.[3] Some have argued the acts were initiated by the articles produced by the Pan-Turkic leader Cevat Rıfat Atilhan in Millî inkılâp[dubious ][4] (National Revolution) magazine and Nihal Atsız[4][5] in Orhun magazine.

The government of Mustafa Kemal failed to stop the pogrom but was strongly against the violence.[6]

It was followed by vandalizing of Jewish houses and shops. The tensions started on 5 June 1934[citation needed] and spread to few other villages in Eastern Thrace region and to some small cities in Western Aegean region. At the height of violent events, it was rumoured that a rabbi was stripped naked and was dragged through the streets shamefully while his daughter was raped.[citation needed] Over 15,000 Jews had to flee from the region.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkey, the Jews, and the Holocaust, Corry Guttstadt, p.69
  2. ^ Turkey, the Jews, and the Holocaust, Corry Guttstadt, p.65
  3. ^ Özkırımlı, Umut, & Sofos, Spyros A., Tormented by History, (Columbia University Press, 2008), p. 168.
  4. ^ a b Rifat Bali, 1934 Trakya Olayları, 2008
  5. ^ Nihal Atsız profile (in Turkish)
  6. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1986/09/10/world/age-of-terror-undermining-turkish-jews.html

Further reading[edit]

  • Bayratkar, Hatiice (May 2006), "The anti-Jewish pogrom in Eastern Thrace in 1934: new evidence for the responsibility of the Turkish government", Patterns of Prejudice (Routledge) 40 (2): 95–111