1934 in literature
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1931 1932 1933 -1934- 1935 1936 1937
... 1938 . 1939 . 1940 . 1941 . 1942 . 1943 . 1944 ...
In poetry: 1931 1932 1933 -1934- 1935 1936 1937
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The year 1934 in literature involved some significant literary events and new books.
- January 7 - The first Flash Gordon comic strip is published in the United States.
- March 16 & October 5 - P. G. Wodehouse's Thank You, Jeeves and Right Ho, Jeeves, the first Jeeves stories written as full-length novels, are published.
- April - F. Scott Fitzgerald's fourth and final completed novel, Tender Is the Night, is published in book form in New York on conclusion of its serialization in the monthly Scribner's Magazine (since January).
- April 3 - English literary biographer Thomas Wright (of Olney) first publishes some facts concerning Charles Dickens' relationship with the actress Ellen Ternan (writing in the Daily Express).
- April 6 - Rudyard Kipling and W. B. Yeats are awarded the Gothenburg Prize for Poetry.
- July 17 - Circular Manchester Central Library, England, opened.
- August - Boris Pasternak and Korney Chukovsky are among those present at the first Congress of the Soviet Union of Writers.
- October 24 - The first of Rex Stout's Nero Wolfe detective novels, Fer-de-Lance, is published in New York (and also abridged in The American Magazine for November under the title "Point of Death.")
- November 20 - Lillian Hellman's first successful play, The Children's Hour, with a theme of accusations of lesbianism, is premièred at the Maxine Elliott Theatre on Broadway in New York where it will run for 2 years.
- Two notable series characters of the Golden Age of Detective Fiction set in England are introduced:
- New Zealand-born Ngaio Marsh's detective novel A Man Lay Dead is published in London, introducing her gentleman detective Inspector Roderick Alleyn of Scotland Yard
- The first Sir Henry Merrivale locked room mystery, The Plague Court Murders, is published by John Dickson Carr writing as "Carter Dickson" in New York, followed in December by The White Priory Murders.
- Henry Miller's novel Tropic of Cancer is published in Paris by the Obelisk Press; the United States Customs Service prohibits its import into the U.S.
- The first three volumes of Mikhail Sholokhov's novel And Quiet Flows the Don are first published in English under this title.
- B. Traven's novel The Death Ship (1926) is first published in English.
- Stefan Zweig flees Austria and settles in London.
New prose fiction
- M. Ageyev - Cocain Romance (Roman s kokainom)
- Edwin Balmer and Philip Wylie - After Worlds Collide
- Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay - Pother kanta
- Samuel Beckett - More Pricks Than Kicks
- Edgar Rice Burroughs - Tarzan and the Lion Man
- James Branch Cabell - Smirt
- James M. Cain - The Postman Always Rings Twice
- Morley Callaghan - Such Is My Beloved
- John Dickson Carr
- Gabriel Chevallier - Clochemerle
- Agatha Christie
- Colette - Duo
- Freeman Wills Crofts - The 12.30 from Croydon
- Isak Dinesen - Seven Gothic Tales
- Pierre Drieu La Rochelle - The Comedy of Charleroi (La comédie de Charleroi, linked short stories)
- Max Ernst - Une semaine de bonté ("A Week of Kindness", graphic novel)
- F. Scott Fitzgerald - Tender Is the Night
- Elena Fortún - Celia en el mundo ("Celia in the world", children's novel)
- Carlo Emilio Gadda - Il castello di Udine
- Jeanne Galzy - Jeunes filles en serre chaude
- Robert Graves - I, Claudius
- Graham Greene - It's a Battlefield
- Hergé - Cigars of the Pharaoh (Les Cigares du pharaon)
- Harold Heslop
- The Crime of Peter Ropner
- Goaf (English version)
- James Hilton - Goodbye, Mr. Chips
- Zora Neale Hurston - Jonah's Gourd Vine: A Novel
- F. Tennyson Jesse - A Pin to See the Peepshow
- John Knittel - Via Mala
- Halldór Laxness - Independent People (Sjálfstætt fólk) — Part I, Icelandic Pioneers (Landnámsmaður Íslands)
- Henry Miller - Tropic of Cancer
- Leopold Myers - Rajah Amar
- Vladimir Nabokov - Despair
- John O'Hara - Appointment in Samarra
- George Orwell - Burmese Days
- John Cowper Powys - Weymouth Sands
- Ellery Queen - The Chinese Orange Mystery
- Arthur Ransome - Coot Club
- Henry Roth - Call It Sleep
- Dorothy L. Sayers - The Nine Tailors
- Bruno Schulz - The Street of Crocodiles (short stories, published as Sklepy cynamonowe, "Cinnamon Shops", in December 1933, dated this year)
- Irving Stone - Lust for Life
- Rex Stout - Fer-de-Lance
- Phoebe Atwood Taylor
- P. L. Travers - Mary Poppins
- Geoffrey Trease - Bows Against the Barons
- Thomas F. Tweed - Blind Mouths
- S. S. Van Dine
- Evelyn Waugh - A Handful of Dust
- Nathaniel West - A Cool Million
- Dennis Wheatley - The Devil Rides Out
- Dorothy Whipple - They Knew Mr. Knight
- P. G. Wodehouse
- S. Fowler Wright
- Prelude in Prague: The War of 1938
- Who Else But She? (as Sydney Fowler)
- V. M. Yeates - Winged Victory
- Marguerite Yourcenar - A Coin in Nine Hands (Denier du rêve)
- Jean Cocteau - The Infernal Machine
- Federico García Lorca - Yerma
- Lillian Hellman - The Children's Hour
- Frederick J. Jackson - The Bishop Misbehaves
- Lawrence Riley - Personal Appearance
Main article: 1934 in poetry
- Dylan Thomas - 18 Poems
- Ruth Benedict - Patterns of Culture
- Martí de Riquer i Morera
- L'humanisme català (1388–1494)
- Humanisme i decadència en les lletres catalanes
- Daphne du Maurier - Gerald: A Portrait
- Julius Evola - Il Mistero del Graal e la Tradizione Ghibellina dell'Impero ("The Mystery of the Grail")
- Emma Goldman - Living My Life
- Aldous Huxley - Beyond the Mexique Bay
- Hugh Kingsmill - The Sentimental Journey: a life of Charles Dickens
- Cornelia Meigs - Invincible Louisa: The Story of the Author of Little Women
- A. A. Milne - Peace with Honour
- Karl Popper - The Logic of Scientific Discovery
- J. B. Priestley - English Journey
- Antal Szerb - A magyar irodalom története ("History of Hungarian literature")
- H. G. Wells - An Experiment in Autobiography
- February 10
- February 27 – N. Scott Momaday, Native American novelist
- March 28 – Jean Louvet, Belgian dramatist
- April 24 – Jayakanthan, Tamil writer, Jnanpith awardee
- May 12 – Elechi Amadi, Nigerian novelist
- May 27 – Harlan Ellison, American science fiction writer
- July 13 – Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer, poet and playwright, and Nobel laureate
- July 21 – Jonathan Miller, English satirist and non-fiction author
- August 6 – Piers Anthony, English writer of science fiction and fantasy
- August 16 – Diana Wynne Jones, English children's fantasy novelist (died 2011)
- September 11 – Leon Rooke, Canadian novelist
- October 1 - Shakeb Jalali, Pakistani Urdu poet (suicide, died 1966)
- October 17 – Alan Garner, English children's novelist
- November 9 – Ronald Harwood (Ronald Horwitz), South African-born English dramatist and screenwriter
- November 12 – John McGahern, Irish novelist (died 2006)
- November 21 – Beryl Bainbridge, English novelist (died 2010)
- December 28 – Alasdair Gray, Scottish novelist and artist
- Unknown dates
- January 1 – Jakob Wassermann, German-Jewish novelist (born 1873)
- January 6 – Dorothy Edwards, novelist (suicide, born 1903)
- January 8 – Andrei Bely (Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev, Russian novelist, poet and critic (born 1880)
- January 15 – Hermann Bahr, Austrian dramatist and critic (born 1863)
- February 8 – Ferenc Móra, Hungarian novelist and journalist (born 1879)
- March 10 – F. Anstey (Thomas Anstey Guthrie), English novelist and journalist (born 1856)
- April 9 – Safvet-beg Bašagić, Bosnian poet (born 1870)
- April 12 – Robert Clyde Packer, Australian journalist and newspaper magnate (heart failure, born 1879)
- June 14 – John Gray, English poet (born 1866)
- June 21 – Thorne Smith, American humorist and fantasy author (heart attack, born 1892)
- June 26 – Naito Torajiro (内藤 虎次郎), Japanese historian (born 1866)
- June 30 – Night of the Long Knives
- July 4 – Hayim Nahman Bialik, Hebrew-language poet (born 1873)
- July 21 – Julian Hawthorne, American journalist and novelist (born 1846)
- July 23 – Karl Joel, German philosopher (born 1864)
- July 29 – Frane Bulić, Croatian historian (born 1846)
- August 13 – Mary Hunter Austin, American travel writer (born 1868)
- September 9 - Roger Fry, English art critic (born 1866)
- September 21 - Gheorghe Bogdan-Duică, Romanian literary critic (born 1866)
- November 23 - Arthur Wing Pinero, English dramatist (born 1855)
- December 15 - Gustave Lanson, French historian and literary critic (born 1857)
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Robert Graves, I, Claudius and Claudius the God
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: J. E. Neale, Queen Elizabeth
- King's Gold Medal for Poetry instituted this year with first winner, Laurence Whistler
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Cornelia Meigs, Invincible Louisa
- Nobel Prize for literature: Luigi Pirandello.
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Sidney Kingsley, Men in White
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Robert Hillyer: Collected Verse
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Caroline Miller - Lamb in His Bosom
- Schlicke, Paul, ed. (2011). The Oxford Companion to Charles Dickens (Anniversary ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-964018-8.
- Oakeshott, Walter F. (1963). "The Finding of the Manuscript". In Bennett, J. A. W., ed. Essays on Malory. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 1–6.
- "Books: Greatest Living Patagonian". Time. 1961-06-09. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- Marr, Andrew (2008). A History of Modern Britain. Macmillan. p. xxii. ISBN 978-0-330-43983-1.
- Hughes, Matthew; Mann, Chris (2002). Inside Hitler's Germany: Life Under the Third Reich. Brassey's. p. 98. ISBN 1-57488-503-0.