1935 U.S. Open (golf)
|Dates||June 6–8, 1935|
|Course(s)||Oakmont Country Club|
|Length||6,981 yards (6,383 m)|
|Field||159 players, 66 after cut|
|Prize fund||$5,000 |
|Sam Parks, Jr.|
The 1935 U.S. Open was the 39th U.S. Open, held June 6–8 at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania, a suburb northeast of Pittsburgh. Sam Parks, Jr., a 25 year-old club pro at nearby South Hills Country Club with no prior tournament wins, prevailed by two strokes in difficult scoring conditions for his only major title. The purse was $5,000 and the winner's share was $1,000.
Jimmy Thomson owned the 36-hole lead after consecutive rounds of 73, despite severe weather that caused scores to soar. Sam Parks trailed by four, but in the third round he recorded a 60-foot (18 m) chip-in for eagle to tie Thomson, who shot a 77. The weather only got worse during the final round, and Thomson could do no better than a 78. Parks, however, shot a 76 for a two-stroke victory. Walter Hagen briefly led during the final round, but four consecutive bogeys knocked him back to third. It would be the last time that Hagen would contend in a major championship. Scoring conditions were so difficult that no player in contention broke 75 and 73 was the lowest score of the round.
Parks was certainly helped by his preparation for the tournament. Every day for a month he would stop at Oakmont to play a practice round before returning to his own club. This practice paid off particularly on Oakmont's notoriously difficult greens, where he three-putted just twice in 72 holes. His winning score of 299 was the highest since 1927, also at Oakmont, and he was the only player to break 300.
The field of 159 included six entrants from Japan and one from South Africa; the rest from 31 states and the District of Columbia. For the first time, a Japanese player made the cut at the Open. Kanekichi Nakamura was part of a tour of the U.S. by Japanese golfers and finished in 58th. Chris Brinke captured low-amateur honors, finishing in 32nd.
The Stimpmeter was inspired at this Open. Edward Stimpson, Sr., the Massachusetts amateur champion and Harvard golf team captain, was a spectator at Oakmont in 1935 and witnessed a putt by Gene Sarazen roll off a green. He devised a simple device and method to accurately measure the speed of greens.
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ($)|
|1||Sam Parks, Jr.||United States||77-73-73-76=299||+11||1,000|
|2||Jimmy Thomson|| Scotland
|3||Walter Hagen||United States||77-76-73-76=302||+14||650|
|T4||Ray Mangrum||United States||76-76-72-79=303||+15||500|
|Denny Shute||United States||78-73-76-76=303|
|T6||Alvin Krueger||United States||71-77-78-80=306||+18||218|
|Henry Picard||United States||79-78-70-79=306|
|Gene Sarazen||United States||75-74-78-79=306|
|Horton Smith||United States||73-79-79-75=306|
|T10||Dick Metz||United States||77-76-76-78=307||+19||95|
|Paul Runyan||United States||76-77-79-75=307|
- Bell, Jack (June 7, 1935). "Tricky Oakmont links baffles golfers in Open". Miami News. p. 12.
- "Oakmont course par and yardage". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 6, 1935. p. 18.
- "How prize money in Open was split". Miami News. United Press. June 9, 1935. p. 10.
- Taggart, Bert P. (June 6, 1935). "Open field set to tee off at Oakmont today". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 1.
- Rice, Grantland (June 9, 1935). "Unknown Sam Parks wins National Open tourney". Miami News. p. 10.
- "$5,000 in prizes to Open winners". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 10, 1935. p. 17.
- "Parks, 26-year-old Pittsburgher, new U.S. Open champion". Montreal Gazette. Associated Press. June 10, 1935. p. 15.
- Dvorchak, Robert (June 13, 2007). "Reading the greens". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. E-6.