1936 in aviation

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Years in aviation: 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s
Years: 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1936:

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

  • British Marine Aircraft Ltd. is established at Hamble, Hampshire to produce Sikorsky S-42-A flying boats under licence in the United Kingdom but nothing comes of it. The company subsequently will become Folland Aircraft Limited.[8]
  • Flying an Aeronca C-3, Helen Richey sets an international women '​s speed record for light planes, averaging 73 mph (117.5 km/hr) during a 51-minute flight covering 100 km (62.1 miles).[9]
  • February 13 – Imperial Airways commences airmail services to West Africa.
  • February 15 – Italian aircraft based at nearby Mek'ele, Ethiopia, maintain at least 12 aircraft over the battlefied all day during the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian troops. It is a forerunner of the World War II "cab rank" technique of keeping airborne aircraft continually on call over a battlefield to bomb enemy positions when needed.[10][11]
  • February 16–19 – On February 16, Marshal Pietro Badoglio orders Italian ground forces not to pursue Ethiopian forces after they begin to retreat from Amba Aradam and assigns the task of exploitation of Italy '​s victory to the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica), a novel task for an air force. Italian aircraft drop 40 tons (36,288 kg) of bombs on retreating Ethiopian forces over the last four days of the battle with devastating effect, and on February 19 a strafing aircraft mortally wounds the Ethiopian military leader Ras Mulugeta Yeggazu, who dies eight days later.[12]
  • February 27 – During the Second Battle of Tembien, Italian aircraft drop 200 tons (181,439 kg) of high-explosive bombs on forming-up areas for Ethiopian troops and kill many Ethiopians fleeing the battlefield as they ford the Takkaze River.[13]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

  • November 3 – New Soviet Polikarpov I-15 and I-16 fighters fly their first missions of the Spanish Civil War, supporting Republican forces. Their superior performance will allow the Republican side to gain air superiority over Nationalist forces.[46]
  • November 4 – Soviet fighters see combat for the first time in the Spanish Civil War, dispersing a squadron of Italian Fiat CR.32 fighters escorting German Junkers Ju 52s over Madrid.[27][47]
  • November 6 – The German Luftwaffe '​s Condor Legion, a force of about 100 aircraft, begins to depart Germany for Seville, Spain, to support Nationalist forces in the Spanish Civil War.[48][49]
  • November 8–23 – Soviet aircraft play an important role in the Republican defense of Madrid.[27]
  • November 15–17 – The German Condor Legion sees its first action of the Spanish Civil War, supporting Nationalist forces fighting to take Madrid.[27]
  • November 19–22 – Curious to see the reaction of a civilian population to an attempt to systematically destroy its city by bombing, officers of the German Condor Legion supporting Francisco Franco '​s desire to bomb Madrid into surrendering oversee a bombing campaign by German Junker Ju 52s and Italian Savoia-Marchetti SM.81s that kills 150 people in the city. It is the heaviest bombing ever carried out against a city up to that time.[50]
  • November 28 – Thus far in the Spanish Civil War, Italy has sent about 24 Fiat CR.32 fighters, 19 Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 bombers, and some IMAM Ro.37 reconnaissance aircraft to support the Nationalists.[51]

December[edit]

First flights[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

December[edit]

Entered service[edit]

January[edit]

March[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

Retirements[edit]

December[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crosby, Francis, The Complete Guide to Fighters & Bombers of the World: An Illustrated History of the World '​s Greatest Military Aircraft, From the Pioneering Days of Air Fighting in World War I Through the Jet Fighters and Stealth Bombers of the Present Day, London: Hermes House, 2006, ISBN 9781846810008, p. 267.
  2. ^ Hinchcliffe, Peter, The Other Battle: Luftwaffe Night Aces Versus Bomber Command, Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books, 2001, ISBN 0-7858-1418-3, p. 44.
  3. ^ Hardesty, Von, Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, p. 48.
  4. ^ A Chronological History of Coast Guard Aviation: The Early Years, 1915-1938.
  5. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 108.
  6. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 76.
  7. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 77.
  8. ^ Fagan, Dave. 'Hamble' Aviation in Hampshire UK 1900 to 2000 Retrieved May 20, 2005
  9. ^ a b Lynch, Adam, "Hometown Heroine," Aviation History, March 2012, p. 56.
  10. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 81.
  11. ^ flightglobal.com Close Air Support in Burma
  12. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, pp. 82-83.
  13. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 84.
  14. ^ Phythyon, John R., Jr., Great War at Sea: Zeppelins, Virginia Beach, Virginia: Avalanche Press, Inc., 2007, p. 47.
  15. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 91.
  16. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, pp. 97-99.
  17. ^ Murray, Williamson, Strategy for Defeat: The Luftwaffe 1933-1945, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Air University Press, 1983, no ISBN number, p. 15.
  18. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 105.
  19. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 120.
  20. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 128.
  21. ^ Barker, A. J., The Rape of Ethiopia 1936, New York: Ballantine Books, Inc., 1971, p. 65.
  22. ^ Calderwood, Roy (1999). Times subject to Tides: The Story of Barra Airport. Erskine: Kea Publishing. ISBN 0-9518958-3-4. 
  23. ^ A Chronological History of Coast Guard Aviation The Early Years (1915-1938)
  24. ^ U.S. Coast Guard Cutter History: Campbell WPG/WAGC/WHEC-32 ex-George W. Campbell
  25. ^ Guttman, Robert, "Heinkel's Jet Test-Bed," Aviation History, March 2012, p. 14.
  26. ^ a b Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 330-331.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h The Main Events of the Spanish Civil War
  28. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 363-364.
  29. ^ a b c Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 370.
  30. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 364.
  31. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 357-358.
  32. ^ Biography of Lajos Rotter "Biography of Lajos Rotter". Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  33. ^ Welch, Ann (1980). The Story of Gliding (2nd ed.). John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-3659-6. 
  34. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 370-371.
  35. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 381.
  36. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 371, 373.
  37. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 382-383.
  38. ^ a b c Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 386.
  39. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 383.
  40. ^ Lynch, Adam, "Hometown Heroine," Aviation History, March 2012, pp. 56-57.
  41. ^ a b Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 198.
  42. ^ Aviation Hawaii: 1930-1939 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
  43. ^ a b Mondey, David, ed., The Complete Illustrated History of the World '​s Aircraft, Secaucus, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1978, ISBN 0-89009-771-2, p. 34.
  44. ^ Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN 0-87021-210-9, p. 124.
  45. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 468, 470.
  46. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 471.
  47. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, pp. 470-471.
  48. ^ Hardesty, Von, Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power 1941-1945, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1982, ISBN 0-87474-510-1, p. 50.
  49. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 469.
  50. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 486.
  51. ^ Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986, ISBN 0-671-75876-4, p. 568.
  52. ^ Chesneau, Roger, ed., Conway '​s all the World '​s Fighting Ships 1922-1946, New York: Mayflower Books, 1980, ISBN 0-8317-0303-2, p. 226.
  53. ^ Potter, E. B., Sea Power: A Naval History, Second edition, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1981, ISBN 0-87021-607-4, p. 235.
  54. ^ Guttman, Robert, "Heinkel's Jet Test-Bed," Aviation History, March 2012.
  55. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN 0-517-56588-9, p. 399.
  56. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 150.
  57. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p 358.
  58. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, pp. 301, 568.
  59. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 204-205.
  60. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, pp. 198, 566.
  61. ^ Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-313-X, p. 156.
  62. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 59.
  63. ^ Swanborough, Gordon, and Peter M. Bowers, United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911, London: Putnam, 1976, ISBN 0-370-10054-9, p. 199.
  64. ^ Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, pp. 220, 222.
  65. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 80.
  66. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 63.