Orange Bowl

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For other uses, see Orange Bowl (disambiguation).
Orange Bowl
Capital One Orange Bowl
Unsponsored Orange Bowl logo.jpg
Stadium Sun Life Stadium (1997–98, 2000–present)
Location Miami Gardens, Florida (1997–98, 2000–present)
Previous stadiums Miami Field (1935–37)
Miami Orange Bowl (1938–96, 1999)
Previous locations Miami, Florida (1935–96, 1999)
Operated 1935–present
Conference tie-ins

ACC (1999–present)

SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame (2015–present)
Previous conference tie-ins Big Eight (1976–96)
Big East (1997–2006)
Payout US$17,500,000 (As of 2009)
Sponsors
FedEx (1989–2010)
Discover Financial (2011–14)
Capital One (2014–)
Former names
Orange Bowl (1935–88)
FedEx Orange Bowl (1989–2010)
Discover Orange Bowl (2011–14)
2014 matchup
Clemson vs. Ohio State (Clemson 40–35)

The Orange Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. This bowl game is sponsored by Capital One and part of the College Football Playoff. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935 and celebrated its 75th playing on January 1, 2009. The Orange Bowl, along with the Sugar Bowl and the Sun Bowl, are the second-oldest bowl games in the country, behind the Rose Bowl (first played 1902, played annually since 1916). The Orange Bowl was a member of the now-defunct Bowl Championship Series (BCS).

The Orange Bowl hosted the BCS National Championship Game in 2001 and 2005. However, since the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game has been a stand-alone event, hosted by the local bowl organization one week following the New Year's Day bowl games (including the Orange Bowl). In other words, under the current BCS format, the Orange Bowl Committee hosted two games in 2009: the 2009 Orange Bowl on January 1 and the 2009 BCS National Championship Game on January 8, both at Sun Life Stadium.

Since 2007, the Orange Bowl has been host to the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) champion unless they are involved in the national championship game (whereas the #2 ACC team would take their place) and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion.

The 2013 match-up ended with the Florida State Seminoles, who won the ACC championship, defeating the MAC champion Northern Illinois Huskies 31–10. This was the first time a non-AQ team that had suffered a loss previously in the season made it to the Orange Bowl.

The game was previously officially known as the Discover Orange Bowl, since Discover Financial was announced as title sponsor on August 26, 2010 as part of a new four-year agreement.[1] The game had been called the FedEx Orange Bowl from 1989 to 2010, as FedEx sponsored the event during that period. Starting with the 2010–11 season, ESPN carried the Orange Bowl, replacing Fox after four seasons.[2] ABC aired the game from 1999 to 2006, with CBS (1995–1998) and NBC (1964–1994) previously carrying the game.

Discover stated that they would not renew their sponsorship of the game further on June 9, 2014; the game will be a part of the College Football Playoff in the future, and CFP rightsholder ESPN has asked for higher sponsorship fees, in return. A new game sponsor is currently being sought.[3] On September 22, 2014, Capital One was announced as the new title sponsor of the Orange Bowl.[4][5]


History[edit]

Early roots[edit]

In 1890, Pasadena, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities. As one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding an American football game.[6]

In 1926, leaders in Miami, Florida, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics" that was centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders- Earnest E Seiler, later revived the idea with the "Palm Festival" (with the slogan "Have a Green Christmas in Miami").[7]

Palm Festival Game[edit]

In 1932, George E. Hussey, official greeter of Miami, organized the first Festival of Palms Bowl, a predecessor of the Orange Bowl. With Miami suffering from both the Great Depression and the preceding Florida land bust, Hussey and other Miamians sought to help its economy by organizing a game similar to Pasadena's Rose Bowl.

"Classic" Orange Bowl logo from 1951–88.

Two games were played in this series at Moore Park in Miami, both pitting an invited opponent against a local team, the University of Miami. In the first game, played on January 2, 1933, Miami defeated Manhattan College 7–0. In the second game, played on New Year's Day 1934, Duquesne defeated Miami 33–7. Duquesne was coached by Elmer Layden one of the Four Horseman of Notre Dame.

These games are not recognized as bowl games by the NCAA because one team was guaranteed a berth regardless of record. However, following the success of these games, backers organized another game for New Year's Day 1935 under the Orange Bowl name. This game, unlike the Palm Festival Games, did not automatically grant a berth to one team, although the University of Miami was again a participant. For this reason, the 1935 Orange Bowl was later recognized by the NCAA as an official bowl game.[8]

Modern game[edit]

The Orange Bowl was played at Miami Field[9] (located where Miami Orange Bowl was later built) from 1935 to 1937, the Miami Orange Bowl from 1938 to 1996 and 1999, and was moved to its current site, Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, in December 1996. The game was moved back to the namesake stadium in 1999 (which would be the final bowl game ever in the Miami Orange Bowl) because the game was played on the same day the Miami Dolphins hosted an NFL Wild Card Playoff game. Coincidentally, both of those games were aired on ABC.

Orange Bowl logo in the 1990s and 2000s during FedEx's sponsorship. This Version was used from 1995 to 2010.

In 1964, the Texas vs. Alabama Orange Bowl was the first college bowl game to be televised in prime time.[10]

Orange Bowl trophy

From 1968, the game usually featured the champion of the former Big Eight Conference. When the Big Eight Conference absorbed four members of the defunct Southwest Conference in 1996, the newly formed Big 12 Conference moved its conference champion tie-in to the Fiesta Bowl. Since 1998, however, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series system, team selection for the Orange Bowl is now tied into the other three BCS Bowls. From 1998 to 2005, the game hosted the champion of either the ACC or Big East conferences, unless they were invited to the National Championship game, or if the Orange Bowl itself was hosting the national championship matchup.

Starting with the 2006 season, the Orange Bowl has been exclusively tied with the ACC and has used the brand Home of the ACC Champion. As one of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) bowl games, the site of the Orange Bowl also hosted the national championship game one week after the Orange Bowl game; it did so on a four-year rotating basis with the other three BCS games (the others being the Sugar, Fiesta, and Rose Bowls).

King Orange Jamboree Parade[edit]

From 1936 to 2001, the Orange Bowl Committee also sponsored a parade. In its heyday, the parade was a nighttime New Year's Eve tradition, televised nationally with lighted floats and displays going down part of Biscayne Boulevard in downtown Miami, FL. However ratings dropped and the national television contract was lost in 1997, causing the parade to quickly become a shell of its former self since there were no sponsors for the elaborate floats. As a result the committee chose to bring this tradition to an end in early 2002.[11]

The very first King Orange Jamboree Parade was held the day before the 1936 game with 30 floats at an expense of $40,000 ($653,933 in 2012 dollars[12]).[13] Babs Beckwith was chosen as the first Orange Bowl queen.[13][14]

Game results[edit]

Date played Winning team Losing team Notes
January 1, 1935 Bucknell 26 Miami (FL) 0 notes
January 1, 1936 Catholic University 20 Mississippi 19 notes
January 1, 1937 Duquesne 13 Mississippi State 12 notes
January 1, 1938 Auburn 6 Michigan State 0 notes
January 2, 1939 Tennessee 17 Oklahoma 0 notes
January 1, 1940 Georgia Tech 21 Missouri 7 notes
January 1, 1941 Mississippi State 14 Georgetown 7 notes
January 1, 1942 Georgia 40 TCU 26 notes
January 1, 1943 Alabama 37 Boston College 21 notes
January 1, 1944 LSU 19 Texas A&M 14 notes
January 1, 1945 Tulsa 26 Georgia Tech 12 notes
January 1, 1946 Miami (FL) 13 Holy Cross 6 notes
January 1, 1947 Rice 8 Tennessee 0 notes
January 1, 1948 Georgia Tech 20 Kansas 14 notes
January 1, 1949 Texas 41 Georgia 28 notes
January 2, 1950 Santa Clara 21 Kentucky 13 notes
January 1, 1951 Clemson 15 Miami (FL) 14 notes
January 1, 1952 Georgia Tech 17 Baylor 14 notes
January 1, 1953 Alabama 61 Syracuse 6 notes
January 1, 1954 Oklahoma 7 Maryland 0 notes
January 1, 1955 Duke 34 Nebraska 7 notes
January 2, 1956 Oklahoma 20 Maryland 6 notes
January 1, 1957 Colorado 27 Clemson 21 notes
January 1, 1958 Oklahoma 48 Duke 21 notes
January 1, 1959 Oklahoma 21 Syracuse 6 notes
January 1, 1960 Georgia 14 Missouri 0 notes
January 2, 1961 Missouri 21 Navy 14 notes
January 1, 1962 LSU 25 Colorado 7 notes
January 1, 1963 Alabama 17 Oklahoma 0 notes
January 1, 1964 Nebraska 13 Auburn 7 notes
January 1, 1965 Texas 21 Alabama 17 notes
January 1, 1966 Alabama 39 Nebraska 28 notes
January 2, 1967 Florida 27 Georgia Tech 12 notes
January 1, 1968 Oklahoma 26 Tennessee 24 notes
January 1, 1969 Penn State 15 Kansas 14 notes
January 1, 1970 Penn State 10 Missouri 3 notes
January 1, 1971 Nebraska 17 LSU 12 notes
January 1, 1972 Nebraska 38 Alabama 6 notes
January 1, 1973 Nebraska 40 Notre Dame 6 notes
January 1, 1974 Penn State 16 LSU 9 notes
January 1, 1975 Notre Dame 13 Alabama 11 notes
January 1, 1976 Oklahoma 14 Michigan 6 notes
January 1, 1977 Ohio State 27 Colorado 10 notes
January 2, 1978 Arkansas 31 Oklahoma 6 notes
January 1, 1979 Oklahoma 31 Nebraska 24 notes
January 1, 1980 Oklahoma 24 Florida State 7 notes
January 1, 1981 Oklahoma 18 Florida State 17 notes
January 1, 1982 Clemson 22 Nebraska 15 notes
January 1, 1983 Nebraska 21 LSU 20 notes
January 2, 1984 Miami (FL) 31 Nebraska 30 notes
January 1, 1985 Washington 28 Oklahoma 17 notes
January 1, 1986 Oklahoma 25 Penn State 10 notes
January 1, 1987 Oklahoma 42 Arkansas 8 notes
January 1, 1988 Miami (FL) 20 Oklahoma 14 notes
January 2, 1989 Miami (FL) 23 Nebraska 3 notes
January 1, 1990 Notre Dame 21 Colorado 6 notes
January 1, 1991 Colorado 10 Notre Dame 9 notes
January 1, 1992 Miami (FL) 22 Nebraska 0 notes
January 1, 1993 Florida State 27 Nebraska 14 notes
January 1, 1994+ Florida State 18 Nebraska 16 notes
January 1, 1995+ Nebraska 24 Miami (FL) 17 notes
January 1, 1996 Florida State 31 Notre Dame 26 notes
December 31, 1996 Nebraska 41 Virginia Tech 21 notes
January 2, 1998^ Nebraska 42 Tennessee 17 notes
January 2, 1999† Florida 31 Syracuse 10 notes
January 1, 2000 Michigan 35 Alabama 34 notes
January 3, 2001* Oklahoma 13 Florida State 2 notes
January 2, 2002 Florida 56 Maryland 23 notes
January 2, 2003 USC 38 Iowa 17 notes
January 1, 2004 Miami (FL) 16 Florida State 14 notes
January 4, 2005* USC 55 Oklahoma 19 notes
January 3, 2006 Penn State 26 Florida State 23 notes
January 2, 2007 Louisville 24 Wake Forest 13 notes
January 3, 2008 Kansas 24 Virginia Tech 21 notes
January 1, 2009 Virginia Tech 20 Cincinnati 7 notes
January 5, 2010 Iowa 24 Georgia Tech 14 notes
January 3, 2011 Stanford 40 Virginia Tech 12 notes
January 4, 2012 West Virginia 70 Clemson 33 notes
January 1, 2013 Florida State 31 Northern Illinois 10 notes
January 3, 2014 Clemson 40 Ohio State 35 notes

+ Denotes Bowl Coalition Championship game

^ Denotes Bowl Alliance Championship game

* Denotes BCS National Championship Game

† Due to NFL scheduling conflict, game was played at the Miami Orange Bowl in Miami, FL

‡ USC and Penn State vacated their respective Orange Bowl victories due to NCAA sanctions

Future Games[edit]

Schedule Date Time Network Primary Tie-In Secondary Tie-In
December 31, 2014 8:30 PM EST ESPN ACC SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame
December 31, 2015 8:30 PM EST ESPN College Football Playoff Semifinal Bowl
December 31, 2016 8:30 PM EST ESPN ACC SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame

The Atlantic Coast Conference is locked into a 12 year deal with the Orange Bowl, so if the ACC champion qualifies for the playoffs in a year when the Orange is not a semifinal host, the next-highest ranked ACC team will play in the Orange. If the ACC champ makes an Orange Bowl semifinal, then the league’s No. 2 team heads to an access bowl. For the secondary tie-ins: The Southeastern Conference and the Big Ten Conference are guaranteed three appearances each, and the University of Notre Dame can play in a maximum of two games, but is not guaranteed any appearances. The ACC team's opponent in a given year will be the highest-ranked available team from the SEC, B1G (this always excludes the SEC and Big Ten champions. If an SEC or Big Ten team—or teams—qualify for the College Football Playoff, the next available team would also be excluded from participating in the Orange Bowl due to contractual obligations with the Sugar and Rose Bowls, respectively), and Notre Dame, subject to these constraints. Also, should this highest-ranked team create a rematch with the ACC team, the Orange Bowl has the option of passing over that team for the next-highest ranked team among the B1G, SEC, and Notre Dame, again subject to the above contractual constraints. The College Football Playoff committee's rankings will be used to select the ACC's opponent. The other four will be College Football Playoff berths. Also ESPN holds the television rights for the next 12 years as well.[15]

MVPs[edit]

Year played MVP Team Position
1965 Joe Namath Alabama QB
1966 Steve Sloan Alabama QB
1967 Larry Smith Florida TB
1968 Bob Warmack Oklahoma QB
1969 Donnie Shanklin Kansas HB
1970 Chuck Burkhart Penn State QB
Mike Reid Penn State DT
1971 Jerry Tagge Nebraska QB
Willie Harper Nebraska DE
1972 Jerry Tagge Nebraska QB
Rich Glover Nebraska DG
1973 Johnny Rodgers Nebraska WB
Rich Glover Nebraska DG
1974 Tom Shuman Penn State QB
Randy Crowder Penn State DT
1975 Wayne Bullock Notre Dame FB
Leroy Cook Alabama DE
1976 Steve Davis Oklahoma QB
Lee Roy Selmon Oklahoma DT
1977 Rod Gerald Ohio State QB
Tom Cousineau Ohio State LB
1978 Roland Sales Arkansas RB
Reggie Freeman Arkansas NG
1979 Billy Sims Oklahoma RB
Reggie Kinlaw Oklahoma NG
1980 J. C. Watts Oklahoma QB
Bud Hebert Oklahoma FS
1981 J. C. Watts Oklahoma QB
Jarvis Coursey Florida State DE
1982 Homer Jordan Clemson QB
Jeff Davis Clemson LB
1983 Turner Gill Nebraska QB
Dave Rimington Nebraska C
1984 Bernie Kosar Miami (Fla.) QB
Jack Fernandez Miami (Fla.) LB
1985 Jacque Robinson Washington TB
Ron Holmes Washington DT
1986 Sonny Brown Oklahoma DB
Tim Lasher Oklahoma K
1987 Spencer Tillman Oklahoma HB
Dante Jones Oklahoma LB
1988 Bernard Clark Miami (Fla.) LB
Darrell Reed Oklahoma DE
1989 Steve Walsh Miami (Fla.) QB
Charles Fryer Nebraska CB
1990 Raghib Ismail Notre Dame WR
Darian Hagan Colorado QB
1991 Charles Johnson Colorado QB
Chris Zorich Notre Dame NG
1992 Larry Jones Miami (Fla.) RB
Tyrone Legette Nebraska CB
1993 Charlie Ward Florida State QB
Corey Dixon Nebraska SE
1994 Charlie Ward Florida State QB
Tommie Frazier Nebraska QB
1995 Tommie Frazier Nebraska QB
Chris T. Jones Miami (Fla.) WR
1996 Andre Cooper Florida State WR
Derrick Mayes Notre Dame WR
1997 Damon Benning Nebraska RB
Ken Oxendine Virginia Tech RB
1998 Ahman Green Nebraska RB
1999 Travis Taylor Florida WR
2000 David Terrell Michigan WR
2001 Torrance Marshall Oklahoma LB
2002 Taylor Jacobs Florida WR
2003 Carson Palmer USC QB
2004 Jarrett Payton Miami (Fla.) RB
2005 Matt Leinart USC QB
2006 Willie Reid FSU WR
2007 Brian Brohm Louisville QB
2008 Aqib Talib Kansas CB
2009 Darren Evans Virginia Tech RB
2010 Adrian Clayborn Iowa DE
2011 Andrew Luck Stanford QB
2012 Geno Smith West Virginia QB
2013 Lonnie Pryor Florida State FB
2014 Sammy Watkins Clemson WR

Appearances by team[edit]

Rank Team Appearances Record
1 Oklahoma 18 12-6
2 Nebraska 17 8-9
T3 Miami 9 6-3
T3 Florida State 9 4-5
5 Alabama 8 4-4
6 Georgia Tech 6 3-3
T7 Penn State 5 4-1
T7 Clemson 5 3-2
T7 Colorado 5 2-3
T7 LSU 5 2-3
T7 Notre Dame 5 2-3
T12 Missouri 4 1-3
T12 Tennessee 4 1-3
T12 Virginia Tech 4 1-3
T15 Florida 3 3-0
T15 Georgia 3 2-1
T15 Kansas 3 1-2
T15 Maryland 3 0-3
T15 Syracuse 3 0-3
T20 Texas 2 2-0
T20 USC 2 2-0
T20 Arkansas 2 1-1
T20 Auburn 2 1-1
T20 Duke 2 1-1
T20 Iowa 2 1-1
T20 Michigan 2 1-1
T20 Mississippi State 2 1-1
T20 Ohio State 2 1-1
T29 Bucknell 1 1-0
T29 Catholic 1 1-0
T29 Duquesne 1 1-0
T29 Louisville 1 1-0
T29 Rice 1 1-0
T29 Santa Clara 1 1-0
T29 Stanford 1 1-0
T29 Tulsa 1 1-0
T29 Washington 1 1-0
T29 West Virginia 1 1-0
T29 Baylor 1 0-1
T29 Boston College 1 0-1
T29 Cincinnati 1 0-1
T29 Georgetown 1 0-1
T29 Holy Cross 1 0-1
T29 Kentucky 1 0-1
T29 Michigan State 1 0-1
T29 Navy 1 0-1
T29 Northern Illinois 1 0-1
T29 Ole Miss 1 0-1
T29 TCU 1 0-1
T29 Texas A&M 1 0-1
T29 Wake Forest 1 0-1

Appearances by conference[edit]

Rank Conference Appearances Record Win % # of
Teams
Teams
1 Big Eight 42 20–22 .476 5 Oklahoma (11–5)[A 1]
Nebraska (6–9)[A 1]
Colorado (2–3)
Missouri (1–3)
Kansas (0–2)[A 1]
2 SEC 33 17–16 .515 10 Alabama (4–4)
LSU (2–3)
Georgia Tech (3–1)[A 2]
Tennessee (1–3)
Florida (3–0)
Georgia (2–1)
Auburn (1–1)
Mississippi State (1–1)
Kentucky (0–1)
Ole Miss (0–1)
3 Independent 28 13–15 .464 15 Miami (FL) (4–1)[A 3]
Notre Dame (2–3)
Penn State (3–1)[16]
Florida State (0–2)[A 4]
Syracuse (0–2)[A 5]
Bucknell (1–0)
Catholic (1–0)
Duquesne (1–0)
Santa Clara (1–0)
Boston College (0–1)
Georgia Tech (0–1)[A 2]
Georgetown (0–1)
Holy Cross (0–1)
Michigan State (0–1)
Navy (0–1)
4 ACC 21 8–13 .381 8 Florida State (4–3)*[A 4]
Virginia Tech (1–2)[A 6]
Maryland (0–3)
Clemson (2–2)[A 7]
Duke (1–1)
Georgia Tech (0–1)[A 2]
Wake Forest (0–1)
5 Big East 8 4–4 .500 6 Miami (FL) (2–1)[A 3]
Louisville (1–0)
West Virginia (1–0)
Cincinnati (0–1)
Syracuse (0–1)[A 5]
Virginia Tech (0–1)[A 6]
6 SWC 8 4–4 .500 6 Texas (2–0)
Arkansas (1–1)
Rice (1–0)
Baylor (0–1)
TCU (0–1)
Texas A&M (0–1)
7 Big Ten 7 4–3 .571 4 Iowa (1–1)
Michigan (1–1)
Ohio State (1–1)
Penn State (1–0)[A 8]
8 Big 12 5 4–1 .800 3 Nebraska (2–0)[A 1]
Oklahoma (1–1)[A 1]
Kansas (1–0)[A 1]
9 Pac-12 4 4–0 1.000 3 USC (2–0)
Stanford (1–0)
Washington (1–0)
10 SoCon 1 1–0 1.000 1 Clemson (1–0)[A 7]
10 MVC 1 1–0 1.000 1 Tulsa (1–0)
10 MAC 1 0–1 .000 1 Northern Illinois (0–1)*
10 SIAA 1 0–1 .000 1 Miami (FL) (0–1)[A 3]
  1. ^ a b c d e f As members of the Big Eight, Oklahoma played in 16 Orange Bowls, Nebraska played in 15 Orange Bowls, and Kansas played in 2 Orange Bowls. As members of the Big 12 (after the Big Eight merged with 4 schools in the SWC to form the Big 12), Oklahoma and Nebraska each played in 2 more Orange Bowls and Kansas played in 1 more Orange Bowl.
  2. ^ a b c Georgia Tech was a member of the SEC during the 1940, 1945, 1948, and 1952 Orange Bowls. It was an independent team during the 1967 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 2010 Orange Bowl.
  3. ^ a b c Miami was a member of the SIAA during the 1935 Orange Bowl. It was an independent team during the 1946, 1951, 1984, 1988, and 1989 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big East during the 1992, 1995, and 2004 Orange Bowls.
  4. ^ a b Florida State was an independent team during the 1980 and 1981 Orange Bowls and was a member of the ACC during the 1993, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2004, and 2006 Orange Bowls.
  5. ^ a b Syracuse was an independent team during the 1953 and 1959 Orange Bowls and was a member of the Big East during the 1999 Orange Bowl.
  6. ^ a b Virginia Tech was a member of the Big East during the 1996 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 2008, 2009, and 2011 Orange Bowls.
  7. ^ a b Clemson was a member of the Southern Conference during the 1951 Orange Bowl and a member of the ACC during the 1957, 1982, 2012 and 2014 Orange Bowls (Clemson was one of seven SoCon schools to split off to form the ACC).
  8. ^ Penn State was an independent team during the 1969, 1970, 1974, and 1986 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big Ten during the 2006 Orange Bowl.

Broadcasting[edit]

ESPN are the current rights holders (as of 2011) as part of a four year, US $500 million contract with the Bowl Championship Series and the Tournament of Roses, the owners of the Rose Bowl Game. Prior to that, Fox held the rights to the event (along with the other BCS bowls) since 2007, preceded by ABC (1999–2006 and 1962–64), CBS (1996–98 and 1953–61), and NBC (1965–95). This game, along with the Fiesta Bowl, is one of only two bowl games ever to air on all the "big 4" broadcast television networks in the USA. ESPN Deportes added a Spanish language telecast of the game in 2013.[17]

In November 2012, ESPN announced that it had reached a deal with the game's organizers to maintain broadcast rights to the Orange Bowl through 2026. ESPN will pay $55 million yearly to broadcast the game beginning in the 2014–15 season under the new contract, which will take effect following the conclusion of ESPN's contract with, and subsequent discontinuation of the BCS (and its replacement with the College Football Playoff). ESPN made a similar deal to maintain broadcast rights to the Sugar Bowl for the same duration as well.[18]

The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Discover to sponsor Orange Bowl title slot". ESPN. 2010-08-26. 
  2. ^ Fox pulls out of bidding for next round of BCS games, ESPN.com
  3. ^ Michael Smith; John Ourand; Terry Lefton (9 June 2014). "Discover, Tostitos to end bowl title deals". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "CAPITAL ONE BECOMES TITLE SPONSOR OF THE ORANGE BOWL". Orange Bowl Committee. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Capital One Becomes Title Sponsor of the Orange Bowl". Atlantic Coast Conference. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Tournament of Roses History". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Retrieved 5 December 2006. [dead link]
  7. ^ "History of the Orange Bowl". FedEx Orange Bowl. Archived from the original on 3 November 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006. 
  8. ^ Ours, Robert (2004). Bowl Games: College Football's Greatest Tradition, pg. 28
  9. ^ History of the Orange Bowl[dead link]
  10. ^ Internet Archive Wayback Machine
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "The Inflation Calculator". WestEgg. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  13. ^ a b "1936 Orange Bowl". The Catholic University of America. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  14. ^ "She's Orange Bowl Queen". The Milwaukee Journal. 1935-12-31. Retrieved 2013-10-10. 
  15. ^ http://www.dailypress.com/sports/teel-blog/dp-teel-time-acc-orange-sec-notre-dame,0,2436742.story
  16. ^ Penn State was an independent team during the 1969, 1970, 1974, and 1986 Orange Bowls. It was a member of the Big Ten during the 2006 Orange Bowl.
  17. ^ "BCS National Championship and Bowl Games on ESPN Deportes". ESPN. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  18. ^ "ESPN Reaches 12-Year College Football Agreement With Orange Bowl". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 

External links[edit]