1937 in literature
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In poetry: 1934 1935 1936 -1937- 1938 1939 1940
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The year 1937 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- January 9 - The first issue of Look magazine goes on sale in the United States.
- January 19 - BBC Television broadcasts The Underground Murder Mystery by J. Bissell Thomas from its London station, the first play written for television.
- May 14 - BBC Television broadcasts a 30-minute excerpt of Twelfth Night, the first known instance of a Shakespeare play televised. Among the cast are Peggy Ashcroft and Greer Garson.
- June - John Cowper Powys visits Sycharth, birthplace of Owain Glyndŵr, which becomes the inspiration for his 1940 novel Owen Glendower.
- Summer - American-born writer Thomas Quinn Curtiss meets German-born novelist Klaus Mann in Europe and they form a relationship.
- July - Establishment of Buchenwald concentration camp in Nazi Germany around the Goethe Oak.
- July 4 - The Lost Colony historical drama by Paul Green is first performed at an outdoor theater in the location where it is set, Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
- September 21 - J. R. R. Tolkien's juvenile fantasy novel The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is published in England by George Allen & Unwin on the recommendation of young Rayner Unwin.
- September 29 - French playwright Antonin Artaud is expelled from Ireland.
- November 11 (Armistice Day) - BBC Television broadcasts Journey's End by R. C. Sherriff (1928, set on the Western Front (World War I) in 1918), the first full-length television adaptation of a stage play. Reginald Tate plays the lead, a rôle he has performed extensively in the theatre.
- The National Library of Iran is inaugurated in Tehran.
- Poems of colonial American pastor Edward Taylor (d. 1729) are first discovered and published.
- American academic librarian Randolph Greenfield Adams, in a controversial Library Quarterly essay "Librarians as Enemies of Books", complains about librarians de-emphasizing books and scholarship in favor of other responsibilities.
New prose fiction
- Eric Ambler - Uncommon Danger
- Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay - Chander Pahar (চাঁদের পাহড়, "Mountain of the Moon")
- Vicki Baum - Love and Death in Bali (Liebe und Tod auf Bali)
- Georges Bernanos - Diary of a Country Priest (Journal d'un curé de campagne)
- Morley Callaghan - More Joy in Heaven
- John Dickson Carr writing as "Carter Dickson" - The Ten Teacups
- Agatha Christie
- Stuart Cloete - Turning Wheels
- Murray Constantine - Swastika Night
- A. J. Cronin - The Citadel
- James Curtis - There Ain't No Justice
- Isak Dinesen - Out of Africa
- Lawrence Durrell writing as Charles Norden - Panic Spring
- Hans Fallada - Wolf Among Wolves (Wolf unter Wölfen)
- Max Frisch - An Answer from the Silence (Antwort aus der Stille)
- Zona Gale - Light Woman
- Witold Gombrowicz - Ferdydurke
- Ernest Hemingway - To Have and Have Not
- Katharine Hull and Pamela Whitlock - The Far-Distant Oxus
- Zora Neale Hurston - Their Eyes Were Watching God
- Michael Innes - Hamlet, Revenge!
- Irmgard Keun - After Midnight (Nach Mitternacht)
- Halldór Laxness - Ljós heimsins ("The Light of the World") — Part I, Heimsljós ("World Light")
- Meyer Levin - The Old Bunch
- Cameron McCabe - The Face on the Cutting-Room Floor
- Compton Mackenzie - The East Wind of Love (first of The Four Winds of Love hexalogy)
- R. K. Narayan - The Bachelor of Arts
- Elliot Paul - Life and Death of a Spanish Town
- Robert Prechtl - Titanic
- Ellery Queen - The Door Between
- Arthur Ransome - We Didn't Mean To Go To Sea
- "Kurban Said" - Ali und Nino
- Ruth Sawyer - Roller Skates
- Dorothy L. Sayers - Busman's Honeymoon
- Bruno Schulz - Sanatorium Under the Sign of the Hourglass (Sanatorium Pod Klepsydrą; self-illustrated)
- Naoya Shiga - A Dark Night's Passing (暗夜行路, An'ya Kōro; serialized 1921–37)
- Olaf Stapledon - Star Maker
- John Steinbeck - Of Mice and Men
- Rex Stout - The Red Box
- Antal Szerb - Journey by Moonlight (Utas és holdvilág)
- Phoebe Atwood Taylor
- J. R. R. Tolkien - The Hobbit
- Virginia Woolf - The Years
- Karel Čapek - The White Disease
- Robert McLellan - Jamie the Saxt
- Robert Morley - Goodness, How Sad
- J. B. Priestley - Time and the Conways
- Hella Wuolijoki writing as Juhani Tervapää - Juurakon Hulda
- Hilaire Belloc - The Crusades: the World's Debate
- Alf K. Berle and L. Sprague de Camp - Inventions and Their Management
- Robert Byron - The Road to Oxiana
- Manuel Chaves Nogales - A sangre y fuego: Héroes, bestias y mártires de España ("Fire and sword: heroes, beasts and martyrs of Spain")
- Napoleon Hill - Think and Grow Rich
- Walter Lippmann - The Good Society
- George Orwell - The Road to Wigan Pier
- Eric Partridge - A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English
- January 1 – John Fuller, English poet
- January 7 – Ian La Frenais, English TV comedy writer
- January 8 – Leon Forrest, African American novelist and essayist
- January 9 – Judith Krantz, American novelist
- January 13 – Jean D'Costa, Jamaican children's novelist
- January 22 – Joseph Wambaugh, American mystery novelist and non-fiction writer
- February 21 – Jilly Cooper, English novelist and journalist
- April 10 – Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet (died 2010)
- April 29 – Jill Paton Walsh (Gillian Bliss), English novelist
- May 8 – Thomas Pynchon, American novelist
- May 13
- June 16 – Erich Segal, American Love Story author (died 2010)
- July 3 – Tom Stoppard (Tomáš Straussler), Czech-born British dramatist
- August 5 – Carla Lane (Romana Barrack), English comedy writer
- August 19 – Richard Ingrams, English editor
- September 5 – Dick Clement, English TV comedy writer
- October 7 – Christopher Booker, English journalist and editor
- November 9 – Roger McGough, English poet
- November 17 – Peter Cook, English comedian, satirist and writer (died 1995)
- December 3 – Binod Bihari Verma, Maithili littérateur
- December 22
- Unknown date – Jan Karon (Janice Wilson), novelist
- February 19
- March 15 – H. P. Lovecraft, horror writer, 46 (intestinal cancer)
- March 25 – John Drinkwater, poet and dramatist, 54
- May 20 – Frederic Taber Cooper, editor, 72
- June 13 – William F. Lloyd, newspaper editor, 72
- June 19 – J. M. Barrie, novelist and dramatist, 77
- August 11 – Edith Wharton, writer, 75
- August 14 – H. C. McNeile ("Sapper"), "Bulldog Drummond" novelist, 48
- September 13 – Ellis Parker Butler, novelist, 67
- September 28 – Gerald Duckworth, publisher, 67
- October 22 – Nakahara Chuya, Japanese poet, 30 (meningitis)
- October 31 – Ralph Connor, novelist, 77
- December 24 – Elizabeth Haldane, author, philosopher and suffragist, 75
- December 26 – Ivor Gurney, war poet and composer, 47 (tuberculosis)
- December 29 – Don Marquis, poet, 59 (stroke)
- Unknown date – W. F. Harvey, short story writer
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Eve Garnett, The Family From One End Street
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Neil M. Gunn, Highland River
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Lord Eustace Percy, John Knox
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Ruth Sawyer, Roller Skates
- Nobel Prize for literature: Roger Martin du Gard
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Moss Hart, George S. Kaufman, You Can't Take It With You
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Robert Frost: A Further Range
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Margaret Mitchell - Gone with the Wind
- King's Gold Medal for Poetry: W. H. Auden
- Fisher, David (2011-12-30). "1937". Chronomedia. Terra Media. Retrieved 2014-01-13.
- Keith, W. J. (July 2007), Owen Glendower: a Reader's Companion, p. 40
- "Televised Drama – Journey's End". The Times (London). 1937-11-12. p. 14.
- Vahimagi, Tise (1994). British Television: An Illustrated Guide. Oxford University Press; British Film Institute. p. 8. ISBN 0-19-818336-4.
- By Thomas H. Johnson, in The New England Quarterly.
- Kaser, David (1978). "Adams, Randolph Greenfield". In Wynar, Bohdan S. Dictionary of American Library Biography. Littleton, CO: Libraries Unlimited. pp. 2–3.
- "Randolph Greenfield Adams". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1977.