1937 in literature
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In poetry: 1934 1935 1936 -1937- 1938 1939 1940
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The year 1937 in literature involved some significant events and new works.
- January 9 - The first issue of Look magazine goes on sale in the United States.
- January 19 - BBC Television broadcasts The Underground Murder Mystery by J. Bissell Thomas from its London station, the first play written for television.
- April - Irish writers Elizabeth Bowen and Seán Ó Faoláin first meet, in London.
- May 14 - BBC Television broadcasts a 30-minute excerpt of Twelfth Night, the first known instance of a Shakespeare play televised. Among the cast are Peggy Ashcroft and Greer Garson.
- June - John Cowper Powys visits Sycharth, birthplace of Owain Glyndŵr, which becomes the inspiration for his 1940 novel Owen Glendower.
- June 30 - Poems of colonial American pastor Edward Taylor (d. 1729), discovered by Thomas H Johnson, are published in The New England Quarterly.
- Summer - American-born writer Thomas Quinn Curtiss meets German-born novelist Klaus Mann in Europe and they form a relationship.
- July - Establishment of Buchenwald concentration camp in Nazi Germany around the Goethe Oak.
- July 4 - The Lost Colony historical drama by Paul Green is first performed at an outdoor theater in the location where it is set, Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
- July 31 - Stephen Vincent Benét's post-apocalyptic short story "By the Waters of Babylon", inspired by April's Bombing of Guernica, is published in The Saturday Evening Post as "The Place of the Gods".
- September 10 - Soviet playwright Sergei Tretyakov commits suicide while under sentence of death at Butyrka prison in Moscow as part of the Great Purge.
- September 21 - J. R. R. Tolkien's juvenile fantasy novel The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is published in England by George Allen & Unwin on the recommendation of young Rayner Unwin.
- September 29 - French playwright Antonin Artaud is expelled from Ireland.
- November 11 (Armistice Day) - BBC Television broadcasts Journey's End by R. C. Sherriff (1928, set on the Western Front (World War I) in 1918), the first full-length television adaptation of a stage play. Reginald Tate plays the lead, a rôle he has performed extensively in the theatre.
- date unknown
New prose fiction
- Eric Ambler - Uncommon Danger
- Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay - Chander Pahar (চাঁদের পাহড়, "Mountain of the Moon")
- Vicki Baum - Love and Death in Bali (Liebe und Tod auf Bali)
- Georges Bernanos - Diary of a Country Priest (Journal d'un curé de campagne)
- Morley Callaghan - More Joy in Heaven
- John Dickson Carr writing as "Carter Dickson" - The Ten Teacups
- Agatha Christie
- Stuart Cloete - Turning Wheels
- Murray Constantine - Swastika Night
- A. J. Cronin - The Citadel
- James Curtis - There Ain't No Justice
- Isak Dinesen - Out of Africa
- Pierre Drieu La Rochelle - Rêveuse bourgeoisie
- Lawrence Durrell writing as Charles Norden - Panic Spring
- Hans Fallada - Wolf Among Wolves (Wolf unter Wölfen)
- Max Frisch - An Answer from the Silence (Antwort aus der Stille)
- Zona Gale - Light Woman
- Witold Gombrowicz - Ferdydurke
- Ernest Hemingway - To Have and Have Not
- Katharine Hull and Pamela Whitlock - The Far-Distant Oxus
- Zora Neale Hurston - Their Eyes Were Watching God
- Michael Innes - Hamlet, Revenge!
- Irmgard Keun - After Midnight (Nach Mitternacht)
- Kalki Krishnamurthy - Kalvaninn Kaadhali
- Halldór Laxness - Ljós heimsins ("The Light of the World") — Part I, Heimsljós ("World Light")
- Meyer Levin - The Old Bunch
- A.E.W. Mason - The Drum
- Cameron McCabe - The Face on the Cutting-Room Floor
- Compton Mackenzie - The East Wind of Love (first of The Four Winds of Love hexalogy)
- R. K. Narayan - The Bachelor of Arts
- Elliot Paul - Life and Death of a Spanish Town
- Robert Prechtl - Titanic
- Ellery Queen - The Door Between
- Arthur Ransome - We Didn't Mean To Go To Sea
- "Kurban Said" - Ali und Nino
- Ruth Sawyer - Roller Skates
- Dorothy L. Sayers - Busman's Honeymoon
- Bruno Schulz - Sanatorium Under the Sign of the Hourglass (Sanatorium Pod Klepsydrą; self-illustrated)
- Naoya Shiga - A Dark Night's Passing (暗夜行路, An'ya Kōro; serialized 1921–37)
- Olaf Stapledon - Star Maker
- John Steinbeck - Of Mice and Men
- Rex Stout - The Red Box
- Antal Szerb - Journey by Moonlight (Utas és holdvilág)
- Phoebe Atwood Taylor
- J. R. R. Tolkien - The Hobbit
- Virginia Woolf - The Years
- Karel Čapek - The White Disease (Bílá nemoc)
- Paul Vincent Carroll - Shadow and Substance
- Arthur Kober - "Having Wonderful Time"
- Robert McLellan - Jamie the Saxt
- Robert Morley - Goodness, How Sad
- J. B. Priestley - Time and the Conways
- Hella Wuolijoki writing as Juhani Tervapää - Juurakon Hulda
- Hilaire Belloc - The Crusades: the World's Debate
- Alf K. Berle and L. Sprague de Camp - Inventions and Their Management
- Robert Byron - The Road to Oxiana
- Manuel Chaves Nogales - A sangre y fuego: Héroes, bestias y mártires de España ("Fire and sword: heroes, beasts and martyrs of Spain")
- Napoleon Hill - Think and Grow Rich
- Walter Lippmann - The Good Society
- George Orwell - The Road to Wigan Pier
- Eric Partridge - A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English
- January 1 – John Fuller, English poet
- January 7 – Ian La Frenais, English TV comedy writer
- January 8 – Leon Forrest, African American novelist and essayist
- January 9 – Judith Krantz, American novelist
- January 13 – Jean D'Costa, Jamaican children's novelist
- January 22 – Joseph Wambaugh, American mystery novelist and non-fiction writer
- February 11 – Maryse Condé, Guadeloupe historical fiction writer
- February 21 – Jilly Cooper, English novelist and journalist
- March 15 – Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer (died 2015)
- April 10 – Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet (died 2010)
- April 29 – Jill Paton Walsh (Gillian Bliss), English novelist
- May 8 – Thomas Pynchon, American novelist
- May 13
- June 1 – Colleen McCullough, Australian novelist (died 2015)
- June 16 – Erich Segal, American novelist (died 2010)
- July 3 – Tom Stoppard (Tomáš Straussler), Czech-born English dramatist
- August 5 – Carla Lane (Romana Barrack), English comedy writer
- August 19 – Richard Ingrams, English editor
- September 5 – Dick Clement, English TV comedy writer
- October 7 – Christopher Booker, English journalist and editor
- November 9 – Roger McGough, English poet
- November 17 – Peter Cook, English comedian, satirist and writer (died 1995)
- December 3 – Binod Bihari Verma, Maithili man of letters
- December 22
- Unknown dates
- February 19
- March 15 – H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (intestinal cancer, born 1890)
- March 25 – John Drinkwater, poet and dramatist (born 1882)
- May 20 – Frederic Taber Cooper, American editor and writer (born 1864)
- June 13 – William F. Lloyd, English-born Newfoundland journalist and prime minister (born 1864)
- June 19 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish novelist and dramatist (born 1860)
- June 22 – Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy poet (suicide, born 1901 or 1903)
- August 11 – Edith Wharton (Edith Newbold Jones), American novelist and short-story writer (born 1862)
- August 14 – H. C. McNeile (Sapper), English novelist and soldier (born 1888)
- September 13 – Ellis Parker Butler, American novelist and essayist (born 1869)
- October 17 – Florence Dugdale, English children's writer (cancer, born 1879)
- October 22 – Chūya Nakahara (中原 中也), Japanese poet (meningitis, born 1907)
- October 31 – Ralph Connor, Canadian novelist (born 1860)
- December 24 – Elizabeth Haldane, Scottish author, philosopher and suffragist (born 1862)
- December 26 – Ivor Gurney, English war poet and composer (tuberculosis, born 1890)
- December 29 – Don Marquis, American poet (stroke, born 1878)
- Unknown date – W. F. Harvey, English short-story writer (born 1885)
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Eve Garnett, The Family From One End Street
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Neil M. Gunn, Highland River
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Lord Eustace Percy, John Knox
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Ruth Sawyer, Roller Skates
- Nobel Prize for literature: Roger Martin du Gard
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Moss Hart, George S. Kaufman, You Can't Take It With You
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Robert Frost: A Further Range
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Margaret Mitchell - Gone with the Wind
- King's Gold Medal for Poetry: W. H. Auden
- Fisher, David (2011-12-30). "1937". Chronomedia. Terra Media. Retrieved 2014-01-13.
- Keith, W. J. (July 2007), Owen Glendower: a Reader's Companion (PDF), p. 40
- Library of Congress, Catalog of Copyright Entries: Periodicals, Part 2. Accessed 23 February 2015
- Leach, Robert (1995). "Introduction". In Tretyakov, Sergei Mikhailovich. I Want a Baby. Studies in drama and dance. University of Birmingham. ISBN 0704416204.
- "Televised Drama – Journey's End". The Times (London). 1937-11-12. p. 14.
- Vahimagi, Tise (1994). British Television: An Illustrated Guide. Oxford University Press; British Film Institute. p. 8. ISBN 0-19-818336-4.
- Kaser, David (1978). "Adams, Randolph Greenfield". In Wynar, Bohdan S. Dictionary of American Library Biography. Littleton, CO: Libraries Unlimited. pp. 2–3.
- "Randolph Greenfield Adams". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1977.
- Cambridge Companion to Thomas Hardy, p xxiii. Accessed 23 Feb 2015