1939 in Ireland
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- 11 January - The INTO Congress in Galway calls on the government to abolish the ban on married women teachers.
- 12 February - The Department of External Affairs announces that it recognises the government of General Francisco Franco.
- February - In his Lenten pastoral, Bishop Daniel Mageean refers to "A Protestant Parliament for a Protestant People".
- 12 March - Taoiseach Éamon de Valera attends the coronation of Pope Pius XII in Rome.
- 16 March - Éamon de Valera is greeted by Benito Mussolini in Rome and a luncheon is held in honour of the Taoiseach.
- 22 March - Ireland's neutrality is discussed during a Dáil debate on defence estimates. The government considers the implications for the export market to Britain if a neutral stand is taken.
- 30 March - The Treason Bill passes its fifth and final stage in Dáil Éireann.
- 9 April - The Gaelic Athletic Association votes to keep the name of President Douglas Hyde off its list of patrons. The situation arose when the President attended an international soccer game.
- 17 April - The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, Lord Craigavon, dismisses the Dublin government's position of neutrality as cowardly.
- 19 April - In a speech to Seanad Éireann Taoiseach Éamon de Valera refers to the dropping of all references to the King and Great Britain from new Irish passports.
- 4 May - The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland announces that conscription will not be extended to Northern Ireland.
- 18 May - The Earl of Iveagh presents the Irish Government with his Dublin townhouse.
- 2 June - The Treason Act 1939 becomes law: a sentence of death may be passed on anyone convicted of "levying war against the State."
- 1 September - A state of emergency is declared by the government.
- 2 September - Taoiseach Éamon de Valera tells the Dáil that Ireland will remain neutral in the European War.
- 3 September - The Emergency Powers Act 1939 comes into force as Britain and France declare war on Germany. The Marine and Coastwatching Service is set up.
- 4 September - SS Athenia torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean. Knut Nelson (Norway) lands 450 survivors in Galway.
- 9 September - Billed as "The Last Race in Europe" until after World War II, the Irish Motor Racing Club holds its Phoenix Park Race; this includes motorcycle and automobile races.
- 11 September - The Irish-flagged tanker Inverliffey is shelled and sunk by U-38. The U-boat tows the lifeboats away from the blazing oil.
- 13 September - The Minister for Supplies, Seán Lemass, introduces petrol rationing.
- 6 October - Austrian theoretical physicist Erwin Schrödinger takes up residence in Dublin at the invitation of de Valera.
- 30 October - More than two dozen air-raid sirens, acquired by the Corporation, are tested across Dublin City.
- 23 December - A million rounds of ammunition are stolen from the national arsenal at the Phoenix Park by pro-Nazi elements of the IRA.
Arts and literature
- 13 March - Flann O'Brien's At Swim-Two-Birds is published in London.
- 4 May - James Joyce's Finnegans Wake is published complete in London.
- July - W. B. Yeats' Last Poems and Two Plays are published posthumously in London.
- Lord Longford begins a series of Chekhov productions at the Gate Theatre with The Cherry Orchard.
- Louis MacNeice's Autumn Journal: a poem is published in London.
- Winners: Shamrock Rovers
January to June
- 25 January - Dermot Clifford, Roman Catholic Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly.
- 2 February - Desmond O'Malley, Fianna Fáil TD and founder of the Progressive Democrats.
- 24 March - Joe McCartin, MEP, Senator.
- 25 March - Tom Fitzgerald, Fianna Fáil Senator.
- 1 April - Joe Jacob, Fianna Fáil TD and Minister of State.
- 13 April - Seamus Heaney, poet (died 2013).
- 3 May - Ken Hope, cricketer.
- 9 May - Pádraig Flynn, Fianna Fáil TD, Cabinet Minister and European Commissioner.
- 19 May - John Sheahan, violinist, folk musician and composer, with The Dubliners.
- 29 May - Mary Banotti, Fine Gael politician.
July to December
- 11 July - Mick Brown, football scout.
- 16 August - Seán Brady, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland.
- 21 August - Ray McLoughlin, international rugby player.
- 5 September - Mark Killilea, Jnr, Fianna Fáil TD and MEP.
- 10 September - Edward Plunkett, 20th Baron of Dunsany, artist.
- 12 September - Patrick Harrington, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lodwar, Kenya.
- 20 September - Mike O'Donnell, film and television composer.
- 11 October - Austin Currie, founder-member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Fine Gael TD.
- 16 October - Joe Dolan, singer (died 2007).
- 27 October - Thady Wyndham-Quin, 7th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, peer.
- October - Frank Columb, writer.
- 2 November - John Buckley, Bishop of Cork and Ross (1997 - ).
- November - Ollie Conmy, international soccer player.
- 16 December - Barney McKenna, musician.
Full date unknown
- Ted Carroll, Kilkenny hurler.
- Paddy FitzGerald, Cork hurler.
- Alice Hanratty, painter and printmaker.
- Paddy Moran, Kilkenny hurler.
- Denis Murphy, Cork hurler.
- Éamonn O'Doherty, sculptor (died 2011).
- 28 January - William Butler Yeats, poet and dramatist (born 1865).
- 9 May - Mary Williams, previously Mary, Lady Heath, aviator, athlete and writer (born 1896).
- 9 June - Owen Moore, actor (born 1886).
- 28 June - James Dowdall, Independent member of the 1922 Seanad.
- 19 July - John Cassidy, sculptor and painter (born 1860).
- 20 August - Edward Bulfin, British general during World War I (born 1862).
- 8 September - Maurice George Moore, Independent member of the 1922 Seanad.
- 15 September - William MacCarthy-Morrogh, cricketer (born 1870).
- 20 September - Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin, astronomer (born 1865).
- 10 November - Charlotte Despard, suffragist, novelist and Sinn Féin activist (born 1844).
- 14 December - Samuel Lombard Brown, Independent member of 1922 Seanad.
- "Defence Forces (Requisitions of Emergency) Order, 1939". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved 2012-07-29.
- The Irish Motor News, Thursday, 21 September 1939
- Daugherty, Brian. "Brief Chronology". Erwin Schrödinger. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Tracy, Robert (2008). "Chekhov in Ireland". Retrieved 2012-06-16.