1939 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1939.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Protonephrocerus collini[2]

Sp nov

jr synonym

Carpenter & Hull

Priabonian

Baltic Amber

 Europe

A big-headed fly; moved to Metanephrocerus collini in 1948

Protonephrocerus florissantius[3]

Sp nov

jr synonym

Carpenter & Hull

Priabonian

Florissant Formation

 USA

A big-headed fly; moved to Priabona florissantius

Archosauromorpha[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevky's dinosaur genera list.[4]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Omeisaurus

Gen et sp nov

valid

Young

Bathonian-Callovian

Shaximiao Formation

 China

A sauropod

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Belonochasma

Valid

Broili

Valid

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Kehlmaier, C; Dierick, M; Skevington, JH (2014). "Micro-CT studies of amber inclusions reveal internal genitalic features of big-headed flies, enabling a systematic placement of Metanephrocerus Aczel, 1948 (Insecta: Diptera: Pipunculidae)". Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 72 (1): 23–36. 
  3. ^ Archibald, SB; Kehlmaier, C; Mathewes, RW (2014). "Early Eocene big headed flies (Diptera: Pipunculidae) from the Okanagan Highlands, western North America". The Canadian Entomologist 146 (4): 429–443. doi:10.4039/tce.2013.79. 
  4. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  5. ^ Riggs (1939). Sanders, Manley, and Carpenter (2001), "Table 12.1" page 167.
  • Riggs, Elmer Samuel; 1939a; A specimen of Elasmosaurus serpentinus; Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History; VI(No. 25) pp. 385–391
  • Sanders F, Manley K, Carpenter K. Gastroliths from the Lower Cretaceous sauropod Cedarosaurus weiskopfae. In: Tanke D.H, Carpenter K, editors. Mesozoic vertebrate life: new research inspired by the paleontology of Philip J. Currie. Indiana University Press; Bloomington, IN: 2001. pp. 166–180.