1940–49 Pacific typhoon seasons

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The decade of the 1940s featured the 1940–49 Pacific typhoon seasons. The seasons had no official bounds, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1940–1948 Pacific hurricane seasons. Tropical storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

Contents

Seasons[edit]

1940 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

In Guam, a November typhoon caused great damage. It was the strongest typhoon to hit Guam since 1918.[1][1]

1941 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

In August, a major typhoon brought a great amount of damage to Guam.[2]

Tropical Storm Two[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 3 – June 5
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min) 

The system developed east of Taiwan. It moved in a northeastward direction and it finally dissipated on the 5th. It is unknown weather the storm's peak strength was at a strong tropical depression or weak tropical storm. The storm affected the Ryukyu Islands.

Tropical Storm Twenty-five[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration October 20 – October 22
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

The storm developed north of Palawan, Philippines on the 20th of October. It moved westwards in the South China Sea and it dissipated two days later.

1942 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Typhoon Juliet formed and existed.[citation needed] Nine tropical storms are reported in August, which made it the most active August known at the time.[3]

Tropical Storm One[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration January 25 – January 29
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min) 

The storm didn't really affect that much but it affected the Caroline Islands during late-January 1942.

Tropical Storm Two[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration April 8 – April 13
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

This storm is very similar to Tropical Storm One. It has the very same track but it is slightly towards the east and affected the Caroline Islands, too.

Tropical Storm Nine[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 28 – July 30
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

A storm formed north of the Philippines on July 28. It impacted Hainan and southern China in July 29-30, as it was dissipating.

Tropical Storm Thirty[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration December 13 – December 17
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

The final storm of the season developed on December 13 east of Mindanao, Philippines or in the Philippine Sea. It moved in a fast, northward direction. On the 15th, it moved west, and then west the next day. It finally dissipated early on the December 17, due to vertical windshear.

1943 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Typhoon One[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration January 16 – January 18
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min) 

On January 16, the remnants of a weakening cold front to the east of the Philippines spawned an area of low pressure. The system became better organized as it moved to the northeast, however remained rather shallow. The low was absorbed by a cold front advancing from the north early on January 18, just to the north-northwest of Guam. Based on data from Chin's Atlas the system achieved typhoon strength between the 16 and the 18 of January,[4] however historical weather maps indicated the system never strengthened to a tropical storm.[5]

Tropical Storm Two[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration April 9 – April 18
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

A tropical low formed to the southwest of Guam and west of Palau on April 8.[6] It moved westward over the next few days and continued to gradually deepen. Discrepancy in the location and strength of the system between Chin's Atlas and weather maps makes it difficult to pinpoint where the system went to after this point. The Chin's Atlas data set has the system moving to the north of Palau and eventually dissipating to the northeast of Catanduanes as a tropical storm on April 16.[4] Historic weather maps has the low moving straight west towards Mindanao, and curving sharply to the north on the 13. Afterwards the low strengthens to a tropical storm while paralleling the coast to the east during April 14. On April 15 the storm made landfall in Eastern Samar with a pressure below 1000 millibars.[7] Afterwards the storm weakened and moved north in response to a nearby front and stalled to the east of Luzon. An area of low pressure soon evolved to the north near Taiwan, on April 18, and moved the stalled depression to the north east. Later the system became absorbed with a cold front.[8]

Tropical Storm Three[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration April 15 – April 16
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min) 

Chin's Atlas has a tropical storm moving to the northwest of the Mariana Islands between the 15 and 16 of April.[4] Weather maps indicate a weak low pressure area attached to a cold front, likely indicating the storm was extra-tropical in nature.[9] The remnants of the storm was located several miles south of Japan.

Typhoon Four[edit]

Counterclockwise vortex
Duration April 28 – May 10
Peak intensity Winds unknown 

A disturbance formed south southwest of the Mariana Islands on April 27. It gradually intensified into a tropical depression on the 28th. The storm dissipated on May 10.[10]

Typhoon Five[edit]

Counterclockwise vortex
Duration May 11 – May 21
Peak intensity Winds unknown 

A storm developed in the Philippine Sea and east of Visayas, Philippines on May 11. It strengthened into a typhoon during its lifecycle but it is unknown of where it reached its intensity. The storm finally dissipated on May 21.

1944 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Main article: Typhoon Cobra (1944)
Typhoon Cobra, 18 December 1944 east of Luzon.jpg

Typhoon Cobra was first spotted on December 17, in the Philippine Sea. It sank three US destroyers, killing at least 790 people, before dissipating the next day.

Maximum sustained winds were estimated at 145 MPH which would classify it as a Category 4 typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.

1945 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Season summary

Tropical Storm Ann[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration April 19 – April 26
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Betty[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration May 13 – May 16
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Connie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 1 – June 7
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

A small, yet powerful typhoon, Connie, was first spotted on June 1 by the Weather Central Guam, moving northeast. Winds were reported to have been as high as 140 mph. But by June 7, it began to weaken. Its final fate is unknown. The US Navy's Fifth Fleet (formerly Third Fleet) was hit by Connie. The same fleet had previously been hit, with great loss of life, by Typhoon Cobra, in 1944. Connie being lesser, only one officer and five USN men were lost or killed because of Connie, and around 150 airplanes on its carriers were either lost or damaged.

Tropical Storm Doris[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 18 – June 21
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Nancy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 3 – July 8
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Opal[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 14 – July 22
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Peggy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 22 – July 23
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Edna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 27 – July 29
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Eva[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 30 – August 4
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Queenie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 5 – August 9
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Frances[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 9 – August 13
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Grace[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 15 – August 22
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ruth[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 22 – August 28
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Susan[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 23 – August 28
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  968 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Tess[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 23 – August 25
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Helen[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 29 – September 4
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Helen formed on August 29. It moved west-northwest and strengthened into a category 3 typhoon with 120 mph winds. It weakened slightly to a category two and struck Taiwan. It briefly was over waters before it hit China as a tropical storm. It dissipated on September 4.

Typhoon Ursula[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 7 – September 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  968 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ida[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 10 – September 20
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  969 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Verna[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 20 – September 22
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Wanda[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 21 – September 24
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Jean[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 25 – October 2
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Kate[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 28 – October 6
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Louise[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 2 – October 12
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  969 mbar (hPa)

Louise was first seen developing on October 2, 1945 in the Caroline Islands. It unexpectedly veered north and slowed down, only to intensify as it passed over Okinawa on October 9 with 90 mph wind gusts and a minimum central pressure of 968.5 mbar. Shortly after, Louise began to weaken, and hit Japan as a strong tropical storm. The tropical cyclone became extratropical shortly after on October 12. In Okinawa, 36 people died, 47 people were reported missing, and 100 people were seriously injured. In Buckner Bay, the US military were occupying a temporary base. 30 ft (9.1 m)–35 ft (11 m) waves were reported to have crashed ashore, tearing into their Quonset huts and other building. The Bay was being used as port for the US military. Fifteen merchant cargo ships were grounded, with a few unrecoverable. 3 US Navy Destroyers were grounded beyond salvage, and over 200 various other US military boats, including 6 tank and truck amphibious landing craft, a number of special purpose boats, patrol boats, and amphibious landing craft were grounded or severely damaged, and beyond. Eighty percent of the buildings in the bay were completely wiped out while all 60 airplanes at the local airports were damaged.[11]

Tropical Storm Marge[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 1 – November 4
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Yvonne[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 14 – November 17
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Nora[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 22 – December 2
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

1945 storm names[edit]

  • Ann
  • Betty
  • Connie
  • Doris
  • Nancy
  • Opal
  • Peggy
  • Edna
  • Eva
  • Queenie
  • Frances
  • Grace
  • Ruth
  • Susan
  • Tess
  • Helen
  • Ursula
  • Ida
  • Verna
  • Wanda
  • Jean
  • Kate
  • Louise
  • Marge
  • Yvonne
  • Nora

1946 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Season summary

Typhoon Barbara[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration March 27 – April 7
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Barbara formed on March 27, and moved west. It strengthened briefly to a category three with 115 mph winds. But shortly after, it began to weaken. Typhoon Barbara curved northward and then westward, in turn hitting the Philippines as a category one. After making landfall, it curved back to the east and continued to weaken until April 7, when it dissipated.

Typhoon Charlotte[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 11 – May 17
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Dolly[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 17 – June 23
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  942 mbar (hPa)

On June 17, Typhoon Dolly formed. It moved northwestward, only to strengthen. After passing by the Philippines, it reached its maximum intensity of 125 mph, a strong major hurricane. It rounded around Taiwan and made landfall on China's shoreline. It dissipated hours after on June 23.

Tropical Storm Elinor[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 23 – June 25
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ginny[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 30 – July 2
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Ingrid[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 12 – July 20
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  944 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Ingrid formed July 12, immediately moving west. After strengthening, it briefly became a category four on July 15. It weakened to a category two and struck the northern part of the Philippines. Ingrid retained its strength until it hit China. Right after it made landfall in China, it moved north and dissipated on July 20.

Typhoon Janie[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 23 – July 31
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  946 mbar (hPa)

Janie formed on July 23. It moved northwest and then curved west. It was then that she became a major hurricane with 115 mph winds. After heading westward for a while, Janie began curving the opposite direction. But that was short-lived; it began moving northwest and struck southern Japan. Janie traveled over the island and dissipated near Russia's coast on July 31.

Typhoon Lilly[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 10 – August 21
Peak intensity 230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min)  927 mbar (hPa)

On August 10, a disturbance managed to organize itself enough to be designated Tropical Storm Lilly. It moved in a generally northwest direction while intensifying at a moderate pace-becoming Typhoon Lilly shortly after its formation. Before Lilly moved over cold waters, it attained a peak intensity of 145 mph. It narrowly missed Japan's shoreline as a category two before striking Korea as a moderate tropical storm. Lilly dissipated on August 21, after eleven days of the traveling of the western Pacific Ocean.

Tropical Storm Maggie[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 22 – August 27
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Opal[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 7 – September 14
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Priscilla[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 8 – September 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Querida[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 18 – September 27
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  937 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Alma[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 18 – October 26
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  929 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Betty[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 5 – November 11
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  938 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Dianne[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 13 – November 20
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  968 mbar (hPa)

1946 storm names[edit]

  • Barbara
  • Charlotte
  • Dolly
  • Elinor
  • Ginny
  • Ingrid
  • Janie
  • Lilly
  • Maggie
  • Opal
  • Priscilla
  • Querida
  • Alma
  • Betty
  • Dianne

1947 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Season summary

Storms[edit]

Tropical Storm Anna[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks [12] lists this system as 01W

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration March 19 – March 20
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Unnamed Storm[edit]

The IBTrACSBest Tracks website[13] lists an unnamed system of unknown strength forming near 11.4N 111.0E. The system is tracked from May 10–11

Unnamed Storm[edit]

The IBTrACSBest Tracks website[14] lists an unnamed system of unknown strength forming near 9.6N 110.7E. The system is tracked from May 11–13

Typhoon Bernida[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks[12] lists this system as 02W

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 13 – May 17
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  972 mbar (hPa)

Unnamed Storm[edit]

The IBTrACSBest Tracks website[15] lists an unnamed system of unknown strength forming near 20.7N 1077E. The system is tracked from May 17–19

Typhoon Carol[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 17 – June 23
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Carol formed east of the Philippines on June 17. It moved northwest and skimmed right past the most northern island as a 115 mph typhoon. After that, it began to weaken. Carol passed by Taiwan, and was about to hit mainland China, but it suddenly took a northeast track. Shortly thereafter, Carol dissipated on June 23.

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks[16] lists this system as 03W.

Tropical Storm Donna[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning center (JTWC) best tracks[17] lists this system as 04W

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 8 – July 9
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Eileen[edit]

The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) Best Tracks[18] lists this system as 05W

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 17 – July 19
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Faith[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 26 – July 31
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Gwen[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 4 – August 9
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Helena[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 12 – August 14
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Inez[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 26 – August 31
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Joyce[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 8 – September 10
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Kathleen[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 10 – September 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Kathleen struck the Boso Peninsula and the entire Kanto Region in Japan on September 15. Heavy rains caused the Arakawa and Tone Rivers to overflow. The resulting floods killed 1,077 people and left 853 people missing.[19][20]

Typhoon Laura[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 14 – September 18
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Mildred[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 22 – September 25
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Nanette[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 29 – October 2
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Olive[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 2 – October 5
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Pauline[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 2 – October 8
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

Super Typhoon Rosalind[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 6 – October 14
Peak intensity 240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  918 mbar (hPa)

This is the first super typhoon ever recorded.

Typhoon Alice[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 13 – October 21
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  940 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Beatrice[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 16 – October 21
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Cathy[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 29 – November 4
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Dora[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 2 – November 10
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Elnora[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 10 – November 12
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Flora[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 13 – November 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Gladys[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 17 – November 22
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Hannah[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 22 – November 23
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Irene[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 30 – December 3
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Irene formed on November 30 between the Philippine Islands. It strengthened to a tropical storm with 50 mph winds before it made landfall on one of the islands. It curved northeast and weakened to a tropical depression. But after exiting land, it restrengthened to a moderate tropical storm. But shortly thereafter, it became extratropical on December 3. The Japan Meteorological Agency analyzed it as a tropical depression, though it was actually a moderate tropical storm.

Typhoon Jean[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration December 22 – December 29
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

1947 storm names[edit]

  • Anna
  • Berneda
  • Carol
  • Donna
  • Eileen
  • Faith
  • Gwen
  • Helena
  • Inez
  • Joyce
  • Kathleen
  • Laura
  • Mildred
  • Nanette
  • Olive
  • Pauline
  • Rosalind
  • Alice
  • Beatrice
  • Cathy
  • Dora
  • Elnora
  • Flora
  • Gladys
  • Hannah
  • Irene
  • Jean

1948 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Season summary

Typhoon Karen, the strongest cyclone of the season, developed on January 11, well west of the Philippines. It curved westward while slowly intensifying. After a prolonged period of the slow intensification, the tropical cyclone began to rapidly strengthen. It became a super typhoon on January 16. Shortly after, it weakened and dissipated on January 19.

Ophelia formed on June 10 in the South China Sea. It moved west and struck southern China. It dissipated the next day, without attaining maximum sustained winds any higher than 45 mph.

Typhoon Ione struck Japan in mid-September killing 838 people.[21]

Super Typhoon Karen[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration January 11 – January 19
Peak intensity 250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Lana[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 16 – May 20
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Mabel[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration May 29 – June 2
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min) 

Unnamed Tropical Storm[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 7 – June 10
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Nadine[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 9 – June 11
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Ophelia[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 10 – June 11
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Pearl[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 1 – July 8
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Rose[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 20 – July 24
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Annabell[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 23 – July 28
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Bertha[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 4 – August 6
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Chris[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 8 – August 14
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Dolores[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 10 – August 14
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Eunice[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 20 – August 23
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Flo[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 20 – August 23
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Gestrude[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 2 – September 7
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Hazel[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 11 – September 17
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Ione[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 11 – September 18
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Jackie[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 24 – September 28
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Kit[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration September 24 – September 28
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Libby[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 29 – October 7
Peak intensity 230 km/h (145 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Martha[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 4 – October 8
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Norma[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 11 – October 12
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Olga[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 15 – October 19
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Pat[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 27 – October 31
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Rita[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 13 – November 20
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Agnes[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration December 2 – December 10
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min) 

Typhoon Beverly[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration December 12 – December 16
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min) 

1948 storm names[edit]

  • Karen
  • Lana
  • Mabel
  • Nadine
  • Ophelia
  • Pearl
  • Rose
  • Annabell
  • Bertha
  • Chris
  • Dolores
  • Eunice
  • Flo
  • Gestrude
  • Hazel
  • Ione
  • Jackie
  • Kit
  • Libby
  • Martha
  • Norma
  • Olga
  • Pat
  • Rita
  • Agnes
  • Beverly

1949 Pacific typhoon season[edit]

Season summary

Typhoon Della struck Japan in mid-June killing 468 people.[21]

In July, tropical storm Irma killed 1,600 people and destroyed more than 63,000 houses in Shanghai, China, the worst typhoon on record in the city.[22]

Typhoon Gloria struck Okinawa on July 23. Gloria killed 38 people and destroyed 42,502 buildings on the island. Typhoon Gloria then continued westward and struck Shanghai, China killing 29 people.[23]

Typhoon Kitty struck the Tokyo/Yokohama area August 31 through September 1, 1949. From reconnaissance reports the maximum sustained winds were near 110 knots 12 hours prior to landfall, but had fallen to minimum typhoon strength by the time it reached Honshū. The death toll reached 123 due to rainfall induced flooding and landslides (NY Times, 9/3/1949), and caused about 15 billion yen in damages. As its center passed near Tokyo, the JMA's Central Meteorological Office was able to launch eight rawindsondes in the typhoon environment. Researcher Dr. Hidedoshi Arakawa was able to analyize these soundings to make a vertical analysis of the storm.[24]

Typhoon Carmen[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration January 13 – January 25
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Della[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration June 12 – June 24
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Elaine[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration June 30 – July 11
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Faye[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 10 – July 19
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Gloria[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 18 – July 26
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Hester[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration July 20 – July 27
Peak intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Irma[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 27 – July 29
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Judith[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 7 – August 19
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Kitty[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 27 – September 1
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  952 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Lise[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration August 31 – September 9
Peak intensity 215 km/h (130 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Madeline[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 2 – September 6
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Nelly[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 8 – September 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Omelia[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration September 29 – October 5
Peak intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Super Typhoon Patricia[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration October 20 – October 29
Peak intensity 250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Rena[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration November 8 – November 15
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Allyn[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration November 13 – November 22
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Betty[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration December 1 – December 10
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Typhoon Camilla[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Duration December 6 – December 15
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

1949 storm names[edit]

  • Carmen
  • Della
  • Elaine
  • Faye
  • Gloria
  • Hester
  • Irma
  • Judith
  • Kitty
  • Lise
  • Madeline
  • Nelly
  • Omelia
  • Patricia
  • Rena
  • Allyn
  • Betty
  • Camilla

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guam: Inarajan - Memories: Chronology
  2. ^ PAO.cnmoc.navy.mil
  3. ^ Docs.lib.noaa.gov
  4. ^ a b c National Climatic Data Center (2013). "td9636 File". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Northern Hemisphere Synoptic Weather Map for January 17, 1943". United States of America Department of Commerce. 1943. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Northern Hemisphere Synoptic Weather Map for April 8, 1943". United States of America Department of Commerce. 1943. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Northern Hemisphere Synoptic Weather Map for April 15, 1943". United States of America Department of Commerce. 1943. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Northern Hemisphere Synoptic Weather Map for April 19, 1943". United States of America Department of Commerce. 1943. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Northern Hemisphere Synoptic Weather Map for April 16, 1943". United States of America Department of Commerce. 1943. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ US Navy Historical Center. Pacific Typhoon at Okinawa, October 1945.
  12. ^ a b http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/best_tracks/1947/1947s-bwp/
  13. ^ http://storm5.atms.unca.edu/browse-ibtracs/browseIbtracs.php?name=v03r02-1947131N11111
  14. ^ http://storm5.atms.unca.edu/browse-ibtracs/browseIbtracs.php?name=v03r02-1947132N10111
  15. ^ http://storm5.atms.unca.edu/browse-ibtracs/browseIbtracs.php?name=v03r02-1947137N21108
  16. ^ http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/best_tracks/1947/1947s-bwp/bwp031947.txt
  17. ^ http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/best_tracks/1947/1947s-bwp/bwp041947.txt
  18. ^ http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/best_tracks/1947/1947s-bwp/bwp051947.txt
  19. ^ Google.com
  20. ^ Arajo.ktr.mlit.go.jp
  21. ^ a b Translate.google.com
  22. ^ Bill Savadove and Lillian Yang (2005-08-07). "Shanghai braces for powerful typhoon". South China Morning Post. 
  23. ^ "Okinawa: Sic Transit Gloria". Time. August 8, 1949. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  24. ^ Arakawa, H. (1950). "Vertical Structure of a Mature Typhoon Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 78 No. 11, Nov. 1950, p.197-200". 

External links[edit]

External links[edit]