1940 Brocklesby mid-air collision

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1940 Brocklesby mid-air collision
Side view of two military monoplanes lying wheels up on a field, one atop the other
The Avro Ansons after landing safely, having collided in mid-air and locked together, 29 September 1940
Accident summary
Date 29 September 1940
Summary Mid-air collision
Site Brocklesby, New South Wales, Australia
36°48′S 146°41′E / 36.800°S 146.683°E / -36.800; 146.683Coordinates: 36°48′S 146°41′E / 36.800°S 146.683°E / -36.800; 146.683
Total injuries (non-fatal) 1
Total fatalities 0
Total survivors 4
First aircraft
Type Avro Anson
Operator No. 2 Service Flying Training School RAAF
Registration N4876
Flight origin RAAF Station Forest Hill, New South Wales
Destination Corowa, New South Wales
Crew 2
Injuries (non-fatal) 0
Survivors 2
Second aircraft
Type Avro Anson
Operator No. 2 Service Flying Training School RAAF
Registration L9162
Flight origin RAAF Station Forest Hill, New South Wales
Destination Corowa, New South Wales
Crew 2
Injuries (non-fatal) 1
Survivors 2

On 29 September 1940, a mid-air collision occurred over Brocklesby, New South Wales, Australia. The accident was unusual in that the aircraft involved, two Avro Ansons of No. 2 Service Flying Training School RAAF, remained locked together after colliding, and then landed safely. Both navigators and the pilot of the lower Anson bailed out after the aircraft struck. The pilot of the upper Anson found that he was able to control the interlocked aircraft with his ailerons and flaps, together with the still-functioning engines on the machine underneath. He then made an emergency landing in a nearby paddock. All four crewmen survived the incident, and the upper Anson was repaired and returned to flight service.

Training school and flight details[edit]

Five twin-engined military monoplanes in flight, line abreast
Ansons of No. 2 SFTS in formation

No. 2 Service Flying Training School (SFTS), based at RAAF Station Forest Hill near Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, was one of several pilot training facilities formed in the early years of World War II as part of Australia's contribution to the Empire Air Training Scheme.[1][2] After basic aeronautical instruction at an elementary flying training school, pupils went on to an SFTS to learn techniques they would require as operational (or "service") pilots, including instrument flying, night flying, cross-country navigation, advanced aerobatics, formation flying, dive bombing, and aerial gunnery.[3][4] No. 2 SFTS's facilities were still under construction when its first course commenced with Avro Ansons on 29 July 1940.[1][5]

On 29 September 1940, two Ansons took off from the Forest Hill air base for a cross-country training exercise over southern New South Wales.[6] Tail number N4876 was piloted by Leading Aircraftman Leonard Graham Fuller, 22, from Cootamundra, with Leading Aircraftman Ian Menzies Sinclair, 27, from Glen Innes, as navigator.[6][7][8][9] Tail number L9162 was piloted by Leading Aircraftman Jack Inglis Hewson, 19, from Newcastle, with Leading Aircraftman Hugh Gavin Fraser, 27, from Melbourne, as navigator.[6][7][10][11] Their planned route was expected to take them first to Corowa, then to Narrandera, and finally back to Forest Hill.[12]

Collision and emergency landing[edit]

Rear three-quarter view of two military monoplanes lying wheels down on a field, one atop the other
The interlocked Ansons lying in a paddock
Two military monoplanes lying wheels down on a field, one atop the other
Engines and forward sections of the two aircraft

The Ansons were at an altitude of 1,000 feet (300 metres) over the township of Brocklesby, near Albury, when they made a banking turn.[6][12] Fuller lost sight of Hewson's aircraft beneath him and the two Ansons collided amid what Fuller later described as a "grinding crash and a bang as roaring propellors struck each other and bit into the engine cowlings".[12][13] The aircraft remained jammed together, the lower Anson's turret wedged into the other's port wing root, and its fin and rudder balancing the upper Anson's port tailplane.[14]

Both of the upper aircraft's engines had been knocked out in the collision but those of the one below continued to turn at full power as the interlocked Ansons began to slowly circle.[7][12] Fuller described the "freak combination" as "lumping along like a brick".[15] He nevertheless found that he was able to control the piggybacking pair of aircraft with his ailerons and flaps, and began searching for a place to land.[12][16] The two navigators, Sinclair and Fraser, bailed out, followed soon after by the lower Anson's pilot, Hewson, whose back had been injured when the spinning blades of the other aircraft sliced through his fuselage.[1][12]

Fuller travelled five miles (eight kilometres) after the collision, then successfully made an emergency 'pancake' landing in a large paddock four miles south-west of Brocklesby. The locked aircraft slid 200 yards (180 metres) across the grass before coming to rest.[6][12] As far as Fuller was concerned, the touchdown was better than any he had made when practising circuits and bumps at Forest Hill airfield the previous day. His acting commanding officer, Squadron Leader Cooper, declared the choice of improvised runway "perfect", and the landing itself as a "wonderful effort".[7] The RAAF's Inspector of Air Accidents, Group Captain Arthur "Spud" Murphy, flew straight to the scene from Air Force Headquarters in Melbourne, accompanied by his deputy Henry Winneke.[17] Fuller told Murphy:[12]

Well, sir, I did everything we've been told to do in a forced landing—land as close as possible to habitation or a farmhouse and, if possible, land into the wind. I did all that. There's the farmhouse, and I did a couple of circuits and landed into the wind. She was pretty heavy on the controls, though!

Aftermath[edit]

Two men talking, one in dark overcoat with broad-brimmed hat, the other in dark military uniform with forage cap
Sergeant Fuller (right) with Australian High Commissioner Stanley Bruce in London, 1941
An aircraft engine and propeller sits under fenced, roofed shelter in a park
The monument to the accident in Brocklesby, 2009

The freak accident garnered news coverage around the world, and cast a spotlight on the small town of Brocklesby.[7][12] In preventing the destruction of the Ansons, Fuller was credited not only with avoiding possible damage to Brocklesby, but with saving approximately £40,000 worth of military hardware. Both Ansons were repaired; the top aircraft (N4876) returned to service, and the lower (L9162) was used as an instructional airframe.[6][12] Hewson was treated for his back injury at Albury District Hospital and returned to active duty; he graduated from No. 2 SFTS in October 1940.[7][12] He was discharged from the Air Force as a flight lieutenant in 1946.[10] Sinclair was discharged in 1945, also a flight lieutenant.[9] Fraser was posted to Britain and flew as a pilot officer with No. 206 Squadron RAF, based in Aldergrove, Northern Ireland. He and his crew of three died on 1 January 1942 during a routine training flight, when their Lockheed Hudson collided with a tree.[18]

Fuller was promoted to sergeant after his successful landing, but also confined to barracks for fourteen days, reportedly for speaking about the incident to newspapers without authorisation.[12] He graduated from No. 2 SFTS in October 1940, and went on to serve first in the Middle East, and then in Europe with No. 37 Squadron RAF. He earned the Distinguished Flying Medal for his actions over Palermo in 1942. Commissioned soon after receiving the award, Fuller was posted back to Australia as a flying officer, and became an instructor at No. 1 Operational Training Unit in Sale, Victoria.[7][16] He died near Sale on 18 March 1944, when his bicycle collided with a bus.[12][16]

Legacy[edit]

According to the Greater Hume Shire Council, the 1940 mid-air collision remains Brocklesby's "main claim to fame".[19][20] Local residents erected an historic marker on the site of the crash landing in 1990.[21] On 26 January 2007, a memorial featuring an Avro Anson engine was opened during Brocklesby's Australia Day celebrations.[22]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c RAAF Historical Section, Units of the Royal Australian Air Force, pp. 102–103
  2. ^ Gillison, Royal Australian Air Force 1939–1942, p. 111
  3. ^ Stephens, The Royal Australian Air Force, pp. 67–70
  4. ^ Gillison, Royal Australian Air Force 1939–1942, pp. 97, 109
  5. ^ Gillison, Royal Australian Air Force 1939–1942, p. 56
  6. ^ a b c d e f Parnell; Boughton, Flypast, p. 186
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Ilbery, Hatching an Air Force, p. 16
  8. ^ "Fuller, Leonard Graham". World War 2 Nominal Roll. Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Sinclair, Ian Menzies". World War 2 Nominal Roll. Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "Hewson, Jack Inglis". World War 2 Nominal Roll. Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Fraser, Hugh Gavin". World War 2 Nominal Roll. Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Coleman, Above Renown, pp. 103–104
  13. ^ "Risks life to save villagers". The Daily News (Perth: National Library of Australia). 2 October 1940. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Wilson, Anson, Hudson & Sunderland in Australian Service, pp. 52–53
  15. ^ "Pick-a-back planes". The Canberra Times (Canberra: National Library of Australia). 2 October 1940. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Gillison, Royal Australian Air Force 1939–1942, pp. 82–83
  17. ^ Coleman, Above Renown, pp. 99, 103
  18. ^ "RAAF Personnel Serving on Attachment in Royal Air Force Squadrons". Australian War Memorial. p. 14. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  19. ^ "What's on in May". Greater Hume Shire. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  20. ^ "Shire Villages". Greater Hume Shire. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  21. ^ Jones, Howard (3 January 2007). "Town remembers piggyback planes". The Border Mail (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  22. ^ Mulcahy, Mark (27 January 2007). "Gala double for couple". The Border Mail (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 22 April 2014. 

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