1942 in Ireland
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- 3 March - Due to the The Emergency the rationing of gas is introduced.
- 5 March - It is announced that Ireland is to have a new Central Bank replacing the old Currency Commission.
- 2 June - Speed levels are restricted to prevent wear of tyres on cars, motorcycles and buses.
- 11 August - Irish Rose rescues seven survivors from the American ship Wawaloam in the Atlantic.
- 13 August - Irish Pine rescues nineteen survivors from the British ship Richmond Castle in the Atlantic.
- 26 August - Irish Willow rescues 47 survivors from the British ship Empire Breeze in the Atlantic.
- 17 September - Irish Larch rescues forty survivors from the Panamanian ship Stone Street in the Atlantic.
- 2 October - British cruiser Curaçao collides with the liner Queen Mary off the coast of Donegal and sinks: 338 die.
- 15 November - Irish Pine torpedoed and sunk by U-608, in North Atlantic: 33 die.
- 12 December- Irish Poplar collides with the launch Eileen and the Cork Harbour pilot during a force eight gale: five die.
- 22 December - There are reports of a split in the Labour Party due to the selection of candidates for the forthcoming general election.
- Cavan Cathedral (Roman Catholic) completed.
Arts and literature 
- Elizabeth Bowen publishes Bowen's Court.
- Eric Cross publishes The Tailor and Ansty, which is prohibited in Ireland by the Censorship of Publications Board.
- Patrick Kavanagh's poetry The Great Hunger is published by the Cuala Press.
- Winners: Cork United
- 12 January - John Moore, Bishop of the Diocese of Bauchi, Nigeria.
- 12 January - Hilary Weston, 26th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (from 1997 to 2002).
- 18 January - Eric Barber, soccer player.
- 12 February - Robert Ellison, Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of Banjul, Gambia.
- 22 April - Aengus Fanning, journalist and editor.
- 15 May - Pádraic McCormack, Fine Gael TD for Galway West.
- 18 August - Tommy Carroll, soccer player.
- 30 August - Jonathan Aitken, former Conservative Member of Parliament, convicted of perjury in 1999.
- August - Ned O'Keeffe, Independent TD for Cork East, formerly Fianna Fáil.
- 17 September - Des Lynam, sportscaster and British television personality.
- 4 October - Frank Stagg, Provisional Irish Republican Army hunger striker for 62 days in Wakefield Prison (died 1976).
- 24 December - Anthony Clare, psychiatrist and broadcaster (died 2007).
Full date unknown 
- John Bowman, historian and broadcaster.
- Tony Doyle, actor (died 2000).
- Jackie Gilroy, Gaelic footballer (died 2007).
- Pat Ingoldsby, former television presenter, poet.
- Sean Matgamna, Trotskyist theorist.
- Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin, poet.
- Breandán Ó Madagain, Irish scholar and writer.
- Nuala O'Faolain, journalist and writer.
- Padraig O'Malley, professor at the University of Massachusetts Boston and writer.
- Dermot O'Reilly, musician, producer and songwriter (died 2007).
- Ted Tynan, Workers' Party of Ireland councillor in Cork.
- Macdara Woods, poet.
January to June 
- 1 January - John Meredith, Australian Army Brigadier General (born 1864).
- 8 January - Thomas Hughes, soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1916 at Guillemont, France (born 1885).
- 14 January - James Graham, cricketer (born 1906).
- 7 February - Bishop Patrick McKenna, Bishop of Clogher, 1909-1942 (born 1868).
- 8 April - Philip Meldon, cricketer (died 1874).
- 20 April - Thomas Kelly, founding member of Sinn Féin, member of 1st Dáil (Pro Treaty), later a member of Fianna Fáil.
- 11 May - George Nicolls, former Sinn Féin and Cumann na nGaedheal TD.
- 29 May - Samuel Jacob Jackson, politician in Canada (born 1848).
- 30 June - Robert Pilkington, lawyer and politician who sat in Western Australian Legislative Assembly and British House of Commons (born 1870).
July to December 
- 1 July - Peadar Toner Mac Fhionnlaoich, Irish Language writer (born 1857)
- 15 July - Paddy Finucane, RAF fighter pilot, youngest Wing Commander in RAF history, killed in action (born 1920).
- 10 September - Patrick Stone, Member of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly (born 1857).
- 30 September - Jack Finlay, Laois hurler and TD (born 1890).
- 23 November - Peadar Kearney, Irish Republican and songwriter who wrote the lyrics to The Soldier's Song (born 1883).
Full date unknown 
- Forde, Frank (2000). "Appendix 4: Rescues by Irish Ships during World War II". The Long Watch: World War Two and the Irish Mercantile Marine (rev ed.). Dublin: New Island. ISBN 1-902602-42-0.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.