1944 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1934 . 1935 . 1936 . 1937 . 1938 . 1939 . 1940 ...
1941 1942 1943 -1944- 1945 1946 1947
... 1948 . 1949 . 1950 . 1951 . 1952 . 1953 . 1954 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- February 1 – Oswald T. Avery and colleagues publish the Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment showing that a DNA molecule can carry an inheritable trait to a living organism. This is important because many biologists thought that proteins were the hereditary material and nucleic acids too simple chemically to serve as genetic storage molecules.
- Erwin Schrödinger publishes What is Life?, containing conceptual discussion of the genetic code and of negentropy.
- Last known evidence for existence of the Asiatic lion in the wild in Iran (Khuzestan Province).
- February – Lars Onsager publishes the exact solution to the two-dimensional Ising model.
- Americium discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg, et al.
- August 7 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, best known as the Harvard Mark I.
- March 18 – Last eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
History of science
- The Whipple Museum of the History of Science is established when Robert Whipple presents his collection of scientific instruments to the University of Cambridge, England.
- John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern's book Theory of Games and Economic Behavior is published by Princeton University Press.
- November 19 – Minnesota Starvation Experiment begins.
- Hans Asperger describes Asperger syndrome.
- David S. Sheridan invents the disposable plastic tracheal tube catheter.
- June 5 – Group Captain James Stagg correctly forecasts a brief improvement in weather conditions over the English Channel which permits the following day's Normandy landings to take place.
- September 8 – First operational use of the V-2 rocket, the first ballistic missile.
- December 9 – First flight of the Heinkel He 162 Volksjäger, the second jet engined fighter aircraft to be introduced by the Luftwaffe in World War II.
- Erik Wallenberg and Ruben Rausing invent a way to package milk in paper and start the company Tetra Pak.
- First operational use of a snorkel on a submarine.
- Nobel Prizes
- February 8 – Howard Dalton (died 2008), English microbiologist.
- February 15 – Sigurd Hofmann, German physicist.
- June 1 – Colin Blakemore, English neuroscientist.
- July 13 – Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor and architect.
- August 24 – Gregory Jarvis (died 1986), American astronaut.
- October 16 – Elizabeth Loftus, American psychologist.
- January 20 – James McKeen Cattell (born 1860), American psychologist.
- March – John R.F. Jeffreys (born 1918), British mathematician and cryptanalysist.
- March 2 – Ida Maclean (born 1877), English biochemist.
- March 5 – Ernst Cohen (born 1869), Dutch Jewish chemist (in Auschwitz concentration camp).
- March 29 – Grace Chisholm Young (born 1868), English mathematician.
- June 18 – Harry Fielding Reid (born 1859), American geophysicist.
- November 2 – Thomas Midgley, Jr. (born 1889), American chemist and inventor.
- November 22 – Sir Arthur Eddington (born 1882), English astrophysicist.
- Avery, Oswald T.; MacLeod, Colin M.; McCarty, Maclyn (1944-02-01). "Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Substance Inducing Transformation of Pneumococcal Types: Induction of TransFormation by a Desoxyribonucleic Acid Fraction Isolated from Pneumococcus Type III" (PDF). The Journal of Experimental Medicine (Rockefeller University Press) 79 (2): 137–158. doi:10.1084/jem.79.2.137. PMC 2135445. PMID 19871359. Retrieved 2011-11-30. (Received for publication 1 November 1943.)
- Fruton, Joseph S. (1999). Proteins, Enzymes, Genes: the interplay of chemistry and biology. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press. pp. 438–440. ISBN 0-300-07608-8.
- Guggisberg, Charles Albert Walter (1961). Simba: the life of the lion. Cape Town: Howard Timmins.
- "Crystal Statistics. I. A Two-Dimensional Model with an Order-Disorder Transition". Physical Review 65: 117–149. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.65.117.
- Asperger, H. (1991) . "'Autistic psychopathy' in childhood". In Frith, Uta. Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–92. ISBN 0-521-38448-6.
- Heinz, W. C. (1988). Inventor: the Dave Sheridan Story. Albany, NY: Albany Medical Center.