1945

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This article is about the year 1945. For other uses, see 1945 (disambiguation).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years: 1942 1943 194419451946 1947 1948
1945 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1945 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6695
Bahá'í calendar 101–102
Bengali calendar 1352
Berber calendar 2895
British Regnal year Geo. 6 – 10 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2489
Burmese calendar 1307
Byzantine calendar 7453–7454
Chinese calendar 甲申(Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar 1661–1662
Discordian calendar 3111
Ethiopian calendar 1937–1938
Hebrew calendar 5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat 1867–1868
 - Kali Yuga 5046–5047
Holocene calendar 11945
Igbo calendar 945–946
Iranian calendar 1323–1324
Islamic calendar 1364–1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Juche calendar 34
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4278
Minguo calendar ROC 34
民國34年
Thai solar calendar 2488

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (dominical letter G), the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

Events[edit]

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January[edit]

January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February[edit]

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 2, 1945.
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945.

March[edit]

April[edit]

The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, 7 April 1945.
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on 30 April 1945.

May[edit]

a black and white image of two Marines in their combat uniforms. One Marine is providing cover fire with his M1 Thompson submachinegun as the other with a Browning Automatic Rifle, prepares to break cover to move to a different position. There are bare sticks and rocks on the ground.
Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945.

June[edit]

Dwight Eisenhower and Georgy Zhukov, June 5, 1945.

July[edit]

August[edit]

August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

September[edit]

October[edit]

October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched.
October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed.

November[edit]

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ANC-AMurphy". Arlingtoncemetery.org. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  2. ^ "Penicillin Pills May Replace Injection". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 1945-02-16. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
  3. ^ "SS General von Steuben [+1945]". WreckSite. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  4. ^ Guinness Book of World Records. 2008. p. 137. 
  5. ^ Year by Year – 1945. History International.
  6. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip, ed. (2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Baden-Baden: Nomos. p. 1678. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7. 
  7. ^ Mayne, Alan James (1999). From Politics Past to Politics Future: An Integrated Analysis of Current and Emergent Paradigms. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-275-96151-0. Retrieved 2013-08-31. 
  8. ^ "1945". A WW2 Timeline. Worldwar-2.net. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  9. ^ Smythe, John (1967). Bolo Whistler: The Life of General Sir Lashmer Whistler. London: Muller. 
  10. ^ "Liberatione". Lib.usc.edu. 1945-05-04. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  11. ^ "Befrielsen 1945 - Tidslinje". Befrielsen1945.dk. 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  12. ^ Milcic, Allen. "Croatian Axis Forces in WWII". Retrieved 2012-06-28. 
  13. ^ Dizdar, Zdravko (December 2005). "Prilog istraživanju problema Bleiburga i križnih putova (u povodu 60. obljetnice)" [An addition to the research of the problem of Bleiburg and the Way of the Cross (dedicated to their 60th anniversary)]. The Review of Senj (in Croatian) (Senj, Croatia: City Museum Senj; Senj Museum Society) 32 (1): 117–193. ISSN 0582-673X. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  14. ^ Bethell, Nicholas (1974). The Last Secret. London. 
  15. ^ Palaich, Michael (1991). "Bleiburg Tragedy". Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f [1][dead link]
  17. ^ "1945: Labour landslide buries Churchill". BBC News. April 5, 2005. 
  18. ^ Pike, John. "The Soviet Army Offensive: Manchuria, 1945". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  19. ^ Angier, R. B.; Boothe, J. H.; Hutchings, B. L.; Mowat, J. H.; Semb, J.; Stokstad, E. L. R.; Subbarow, Y.; Waller, C. W.; Cosulich, D. B.; Fahrenbach, M. J.; Hultquist, M. E.; Kuh, E.; Northey, E. H.; Seeger, D. R.; Sickels, J. P.; Smith Jr, J. M. (1945). "Synthesis of a Compound Identical with the L. Casei Factor Isolated from Liver". Science 102 (2644): 227–228. doi:10.1126/science.102.2644.227. PMID 17778509.  edit
  20. ^ Hoffbrand, A. V.; Weir, D. G. (2001). "The history of folic acid". British Journal of Haematology 113 (3): 579–589. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2141.2001.02822.x. PMID 11380441. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Jessup, John E. (1989). A Chronology of Conflict and Resolution, 1945-1985. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24308-5. 
  22. ^ "Discovery of Promethium". Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review 36 (1). 2003. Retrieved 2011-06-16. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ian Buruma. Year Zero: A History of 1945 (Penguin Press; 2013) 368 pages; covers liberation, revenge, decolonization, and the rise of the United Nations.
  • Keith Lowe. Savage Continent: Europe in the Aftermath of World War II (2012) excerpt and text search
  • Walter Yust, ed. 10 Eventful Years, 1937 – 1946 Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1947, 4 vol.), encyclopedia yearbook