1945 Anti-Jewish Riots in Egypt
|1945 Anti-Jewish Riots in Egypt|
|Part of November 1945 anti-Jewish riots|
|Location||Alexandria and Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt|
|Date||2-3 November 1945|
|Attack type||Violent pogrom, massacre|
|Deaths||5 Egyptian Jews killed|
|Injured (non-fatal)||300 wounded|
|Perpetrators||Egyptian Muslim mob|
The 1945 Anti-Jewish Riots in Egypt took place between 2-3 November 1945. The riots began as anti-Zionist demonstrations on the 28th anniversary of the Balfour Declaration. Rallies were organised by the right-wing Young Egypt Party and Hassan al-Banna's Muslim Brotherhood.
Five Egyptian Jews and one Muslim policeman were killed in Alexandria, hundreds were injured in both Alexandria and Cairo, and an Ashkenazi synagogue was burned down. The Greek Orthodox patriarchate, Catholic churches and a Coptic school were also damaged in the riot. The police reacted quickly but were unable to prevent much of the violence. However further demonstrations planned for the following day were largely suppressed.
Following the riots, King Farouk of Egypt denounced the violence and met with Rabbi Chaim Nahum, whilst Prime Minister Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha also denounced the violence and visited a number of the riot sites.
from Arab countries
Numerous acts of violence against Egyptian Jews followed in the later years, including the 1948 bombings of Jewish areas, which killed 70 Jews and wounded nearly 200, while riots claimed many more lives. In 1949, a bombing in the Cairo Jewish quarter killed 34 and wounded 80. During the 1950s, the Jews of Egypt were subjected to political instability due to ongoing Israeli-Egyptian conflict and suffered sporadic violence, which eventually led to expulsion and flight of the community from Egypt.
- The Jews in Modern Egypt, 1914-1952, Gudrun Krämer, p162-163
- The Dispersion of Egyptian Jewry: Culture, Politics, and the Formation of a Modern Diaspora, Joel Beinin, American Univ in Cairo Press, 1 Jan 2005 - History - 329 pages
- Mangoubi, Rami, "A Jewish Refugee Answers Youssef Ibrahim", Middle East Times, October 30, 2004.