1945 in Norway
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Events in the year 1945 in Norway.
- Government in Exile (in London) until 9 May
- German Military Governor
- German Puppet Government in Oslo
- 8 February - Karl Marthinsen was assassinated.
- 9 February - 29 Norwegians were executed by the Nazi regime in Norway as reprisal of Marthinsen's death, among others Jon Vislie, Kaare Sundby and Haakon Sæthre. The extent and severity of the reprisals shocked the Norwegian population and government-in-exile, resulting in a general moratorium against targeted killings of high-ranking Nazi officials.
- 9 February - Black Friday: a large air battle between German and British aircraft over Sunnfjord. It was the largest aerial clash over Norway during World War II.
- 7 May - Knut Hamsun released his obituary of Adolf Hitler.
- 8 May - The occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany ended as German forces agreed to an unconditional surrender.
- 8 May - Grini concentration camp was liberated, only to be used later for treason suspects under the name Ilebu.
- 8 May - Josef Terboven and Wilhelm Rediess committed suicide.
- 9 May - Vidkun Quisling was arrested.
- 11 May - Sverre Riisnæs gave up his entrenchment at Skallum farm. Jonas Lie died during the entrenchment.
- 11 May - Akershus Fortress surrendered by the Germans to Terje Rollem acting on behalf of the resistance.
- 13 May - Heinrich Fehlis was arrested and committed suicide.
- 14 May - Henry Rinnan was arrested.
- 31 May - Government returned from exile in London.
- 6 June - King Haakon VII of Norway returned to Norway.
- 14 June - Knut Hamsun was apprehended.
- 20 June - Paal Berg gave up plans to form a broad, non-partisan coalition government.
- 25 June - Prime Minister Johan Nygaardsvold resigned as Haakon VII appointed Einar Gerhardsen to head an interim government composed of all political parties.
- 6 July - Norway declares war on Japan.
- 25 July – Gerhardsen's First Cabinet was appointed.
- 17 August - Reidar Haaland was executed.
- 8 October - The 1945 Parliamentary election takes place.
- 24 October - Vidkun Quisling was executed by firing squad at Akershus Fortress.
- 5 November – Gerhardsen's Second Cabinet was appointed.
- 24 December - Henry Rinnan escaped from prison, only to be apprehended later.
- IG Farben was the largest stock-holder in Norsk Hydro. The two companies first formed a business partnership in 1927.
- The newspaper Verdens Gang was founded.
- The periodical Kvinnen og Tiden is founded.
- Municipal and county elections are held throughout the country.
The German surrender of Akershus Fortress on 11 May 1945.
The Norwegian underground army of the Second World War on parade in front of the Royal Palace in 1945.
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- 9 January - Liv Gjølstad, judge
- 10 February - Espen Haavardsholm, novelist, poet, biographer and essayist
- 26 February - Marta Kristen, actress
- 27 February - Odd Fossengen, motorcycle speedway rider
- 11 March - Sylfest Lomheim, philologist and director of the Norwegian Language Council, Språkrådet
- 20 March - Erling Brandsnes, politician
- 26 March - Steinar Bastesen, politician
- 1 April - Per Kværne, tibetologist and art historian
- 3 April - Ernst Oddvar Baasland, bishop
- 16 April - Britt Karin Larsen, poet and author
- 25 April - Ranja Hauglid, politician
- 25 April - Arne Kvalheim, long-distance runner
- 27 April - Kirsti Strøm Bull, professor of law
- 2 May - Tore Linné Eriksen, historian
- 12 May - Tormod Haugen, author (died 2008)
- 16 May - Ingeborg Sorensen, model
- 24 May - Eva Bugge, diplomat
- 2 June - Kolbjørn Almlid, businessperson and politician
- 17 June – Inge Thun, footballer (died 2008)
- 18 June - Jostein Helge Bernhardsen, diplomat
- 4 July - Steinar Amundsen, sprint canoer, Olympic gold medallist and World Champion
- 18 July - Magnar Lussand, politician
- 23 July - Knut Brustad, middle distance runner
- 24 July - Gunnar Halvorsen, politician
- 17 August - Arild Hiim, politician
- 16 September - Dag Frøland, comedian and revue artist (died 2010)
- 20 September - Torkild Brakstad, international soccer player and coach
- 23 September - Bjørgulv Froyn, politician
- 25 September - Knut Eggum Johansen, civil servant
- 1 October - Britt Fredriksen, model
- 1 October - Jan Fuglset, soccer player
- 8 October - Kjersti Graver, jurist and Norwegian Consumer Ombudsman (died 2009)
- 20 October - Trond Kverno, composer
- 27 October - Arild Andersen, bass player
- 27 October - Ellen Bergli, politician
- 27 October - Kjell Hovda, biathlete
- 31 October - Tove Bull, linguist
- 1 November - Svein Fjellheim, trade unionist and politician
- 6 November - Odd Iversen, international soccer player
- 15 November - Anni-Frid Lyngstad, singer, former ABBA member
- 7 December - Liv Lindeland, model and actress
- 17 December - Odd Karsten Tveit, journalist, writer and economist
- 27 December - Tor Berger Jørgensen, bishop
Full date unknown
- Ranveig Frøiland, politician
- Bjørn Tore Godal, politician and Minister
- Paal-Helge Haugen, poet, novelist, dramatist and children's writer
- Turid Hundstad, civil servant
- Liv Køltzow, novelist, playwright, biographer and essayist
- Odd F. Lindberg, freelance journalist, Arctic explorer and film maker
- Sverre Lodgaard, political scientist and politician
- Geir Lundestad, author and educator
- 9 January - Jan Østervold, sailor and Olympic gold medallist (born 1876)
- 11 January - Nils Uhlin Hansen, long jumper and resistance member (born 1919)
- 5 February - Ludvik Buland, trade unionist (born 1893)
- 8 February - Karl Marthinsen, commander of Statspolitiet and Sikkerhetspolitiet in Norway during the Nazi occupation (born 1896)
- 9 February - Kaare Sundby, engineer, resistance member, executed (born 1905)
- 9 February - Jon Vislie, lawyer, executed as a reprisal (born 1896)
- 13 February - Adolf Bogstad, resistance member, executed (born 1920)
- 13 February - Arvid Hansen, resistance member, executed (born 1916)
- 5 March - Per Lie, labour activist (born 1907)
- 11 March - Leif Tronstad, scientist, intelligence officer and military organizer (born 1903)
- 17 March - Henry Gundersen, resistance member, executed (born 1920)
- 17 March - Kåre Olafsen, resistance member, executed (born 1920)
- 17 March - Frank Olsen, resistance member, executed (born 1922)
- 30 April - Worm Hirsch Darre-Jenssen, engineer, politician and Minister (born 1870)
- 7 May - Christian Albrecht Jakhelln, businessperson and politician (born 1863)
- 8 May - Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar during the German military occupation of Norway, suidice (born 1898)
- 11 May - Jonas Lie, politician and Minister, collaborator (born 1899)
- 27 June - Kai Holst, resistance fighter (born 1913)
- 17 August - Reidar Haaland, police officer and collaborator, executed (born 1919)
- 24 October - Vidkun Quisling, army officer, politician and Minister-President of Norway, executed (born 1887)
- 16 September - Oluf Wesmann-Kjær, rifle shooter (born 1874)
- 1 November - Olaf Sæther, rifle shooter and Olympic gold medallist (born 1872)
- 20 November - Jacob Thorkelson, elected official, naval officer and medical doctor in America (born 1876)
Full date unknown
- Marcus Olaus Bøckmann, priest and theologian (born 1849)
- Gerdt Henrik Meyer Bruun, politician and Minister (born 1873)
- Leif Grung, architect (born 1894)
- Katti Anker Møller, feminist, children's rights advocate and pioneer of reproductive rights (born 1868)
- Anton Frederik Winter Jakhelln Prytz, politician (born 1878)
- Bjørn Talén, opera singer (born 1890)
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