1946 in the United States
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|1946 in the United States|
|Years:||1943 1944 1945 – 1946 – 1947 1948 1949|
48 stars (1912–59)
Events from the year 1946 in the United States.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Births
- 4 Deaths
- 5 External links
- President: Harry S. Truman (Democratic)
- Vice President: vacant
- Chief Justice: Harlan F. Stone (until April 22), Fred M. Vinson (starting June 24)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Sam Rayburn (D-Texas)
- Senate Majority Leader: Alben W. Barkley (D-Kentucky)
- Congress: 79th
- January 6 – A revised and streamlined revival of Kern and Hammerstein's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre.
- January 25 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
- January 29 – The Central Intelligence Group is established (the CIA in 1947).
- February 14 – ENIAC (for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer"), the first general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania.
- February 28 – In Philadelphia, General Electric strikers and police clash.
- March 5 – In his speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill talks about the Iron Curtain.
- March 6 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.
- March 7 – The 18th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
- April 1 – A 14-meter high tsunami strikes Hilo and Laupāhoehoe on the Big Island of Hawaii; 173 are killed, thousands injured.
- April 18 – The United States recognizes Josip Broz Tito's government in Yugoslavia.
- April 23
- June 6 – The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
- June 17
- July 4 – The Philippines is granted independence by the United States.
- July 7 – Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American saint to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church.
- July 14 – Benjamin Spock's influential The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care is published.
- July 25
- Nuclear testing: In the first underwater test of the atomic bomb, the surplus USS Saratoga is sunk near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, when the United States detonates the Baker device during Operation Crossroads.
- At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.
- In the last mass lynching in the United States, a mob of white men shoot and kill two African-American couples near Moore's Ford Bridge in Georgia.
- August 1 – President Harry Truman signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, which establishes the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
- October 16 – The United Nations' first meeting in Long Island is held.
- November 1 – The New York Knicks play against the Toronto Huskies at the Maple Leaf Gardens, in the first Basketball Association of America game. The Knicks win 68–66.
- November 6 – Senate and House elections in the United States both give majorities to the Republicans.
- November 12 – In Chicago, a branch of the Exchange National Bank (now part of the LaSalle Bank) opens the first 10 drive-up teller windows.
- November 27 – Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would "save humanity from the ultimate disaster."
- December 2 – The International Whaling Commission was signed in Washington, D.C. to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry".
- December 5 – President Harry Truman establishes the President's Committee on Civil Rights to investigate the status of civil rights in the United States and propose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of American citizens.
- December 7 – A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, United States kills 119.
- December 20 – Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life, featuring James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, Henry Travers, and Thomas Mitchell, is released in New York.
- December 22 – The Havana Conference begins between U.S. organized crime bosses in Havana, Cuba.
- December 26 – The Flamingo Hotel opens on the Las Vegas Strip.
- Cold War (1945–1991)
|This section requires expansion. (June 2013)|
- February 9 – Jim Webb, United States Senator from Virginia from 2007 till 2013.
- February 13 – Richard Blumenthal, United States Senator from Connecticut since 2011.
- July 6 – George W. Bush, businessman, 46th Governor of Texas from 1995 till 2000, 43rd President of the United States from 2001 till 2009, and son of Barbara Bush and George H. W. Bush.
- August 19 – Bill Clinton, 40th and 42nd Governor of Arkansas from 1979 till 1981 and from 1983 till 1992 and 42nd President of the United States from 1993 till 2001.
- September 15 – Oliver Stone, film director, screenwriter, producer and veteran.
- October 4 – Chuck Hagel, United States Senator from Nebraska from 1997 till 2009.
- October 23 – Mel Martinez, United States Senator from Florida from 2005 till 2009.
- November 4 – Laura Bush, First Lady of the United States and wife of George W. Bush
- November 17 – Terry Branstad, 39th and 42nd Governor of Iowa from 1983 till 1999 and since 2011.
- December 18 – Steven Spielberg, film director, screenwriter, producer, and executive
- December 24 – Jeff Sessions, United States Senator from Alabama since 1997.
- December 28 – Tim Johnson, United States Senator from South Dakota since 1997.
- December 29 – Paul S. Trible, Jr., United States Senator from Virginia from 1983 till 1989.
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- Media related to 1946 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons