Events from the year
1947 in the . United States
Incumbents [ edit ]
January–March [ edit ]
January 3 – Proceedings of the
U.S. Congress are televised for the first time. January 15 – Elizabeth Short, an aspiring actress nicknamed the "
Black Dahlia", is found brutally murdered in a vacant lot in Los Angeles. The case remains unsolved to this day. February 3 – Percival Prattis becomes the first
African-American news correspondent allowed in the United States House of Representatives and Senate press galleries. February 17 –
Cold War: The begins to transmit radio broadcasts into Eastern Europe and the Voice of America Soviet Union. February 20
February 21 – In
New York City, Edwin Land demonstrates the first "instant camera", his Polaroid Land Camera, to a meeting of the Optical Society of America. February 28 – The United States grants France a military base in
Casablanca. March 6 – The
, the first completely air-conditioned warship, is launched in USS Newport News Newport News, Virginia. March 19 – The
19th Academy Awards ceremony is held. The movie wins the Best Years of Our Lives Academy Award for Best Picture, along with several other Academy Awards. March 25 – A
coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois, kills 111 miners.
April–June [ edit ]
April 1 –
Jackie Robinson, the first African American baseball professional since the 1880s, signs a contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers. April 9 – Multiple tornadoes strike Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas killing 181 and injuring 970.
April 15 –
Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play Major League Baseball since the 1880s. April 16
April 26 – Academy-Award winning
cartoon, Tom and Jerry , is released to theatres. The Cat Concerto May 22 –
Cold War: In an effort to fight the spread of Communism, President Harry S. Truman signs an Act of Congress that implements the Truman Doctrine. This Act grants $400 million in military and economic aid to Turkey and Greece. May 22 –
David Lean's film , based on the novel by Great Expectations Charles Dickens, opens in the United States. Critics call it the finest film ever made from a Charles Dickens novel. June 5 – Secretary of State
George Marshall outlines the Marshall Plan for American reconstruction and relief aid to Europe. June 21 – Seaman Harold Dahl claims to have seen six
UFOs near Maury Island in Puget Sound, Washington. On the next morning, Dahl reports the first modern so-called " Men in Black" encounter. June 23 – The
United States Senate follows the House of Representatives in overriding President Harry S. Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act. June 24 –
Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
July–September [ edit ]
July 7 – A supposedly downed
extraterrestrial spacecraft is reportedly found in the Roswell UFO incident, near Roswell, New Mexico, which has been written about by Stanton T. Friedman and many others. July 18 – President
Harry S. Truman signs the Presidential Succession Act into law, which places the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate next in the line of succession after the United States Vice President. July 26 –
Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council. August 29 - US announces the discovery of
plutonium fission, suitable for nuclear power generation. September 17–21 – The
1947 Fort Lauderdale Hurricane in southeastern Florida, and also in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, causes widespread damage and kills 51 people. September 17 –
Office of Indian Affairs renamed Bureau of Indian Affairs. September 18 – Most provisions of the
National Security Act go into effect, reorganizing the military to form the National Military Establishment (later the Department of Defense) with subordinate Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; creating the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Council; and establishing the Secretary of Defense. September 26 –
U.S. Air Force is made a separate branch of the military.
October–December [ edit ]
October 6 -
World Series premiers on the Television for the first time. October 14 – The
United States Air Force test pilot Captain Chuck Yeager flies a Bell X-1 rocket plane faster than the speed of sound, the first time that this has been accomplished in level flight, or climbing. October 20 –
Pakistan establishes diplomatic relations with the United States. November 1 –
U.S. Caribbean Command. November 2 – In
California, the designer and airplane pilot Howard Hughes performs the maiden flight of the , the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built. (The flight lasts only eight minutes, and the "Spruce Goose" is never flown again.) Spruce Goose November 6 – The program
makes its television debut on the Meet the Press NBC-TV network in the United States. November 24 –
Red Scare: The U.S. House of Representatives votes 346–17 to approve citations of Contempt of Congress against the so-called Hollywood 10, after the ten men refuse to co-operate with the House Un-American Activities Committee concerning allegations of communist influences in the movie business. (The ten men are blacklisted by the Hollywood movie studios on the following day). December 3 – The
Tennessee Williams play opens in a A Streetcar Named Desire Broadway theater. December 6 –
Arturo Toscanini conducts a concert performance of the first half of Giuseppe Verdi's opera , which was based on Otello William Shakespeare's playm , for a broadcast on Othello NBC Radio. The second half of the opera is broadcast a week later. December 22 – The first practical
electronic transistor is demonstrated by Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley of the United States.
Undated [ edit ]
Ongoing [ edit ]
This section requires expansion. (November 2011)
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
February 2 –
Jessica Savitch, television news journalist (d. 1983) February 4 –
Dan Quayle, United States Senator from Indiana from 1981 till 1989.
February 8 – John Roll, Federal Judge and murder victim (d. 2011) February 14 –
Judd Gregg, United States Senator from New Hampshire from 1993 till 2011. February 21 –
Olympia Snowe, United States Senator from Maine from 1995 till 2013.
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
December 9 –
Tom Daschle, United States Senator from South Dakota from 1987 till 2005.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (February 2014)
External links [ edit ]