1948 Tripoli pogrom

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1945 Tripoli pogrom
Location Tripoli, British Tripolitania
Date 12 June, 1948
Target Libyan Jews
Attack type
Violent pogrom, massacre
Deaths 13-14 Libyan Jews killed
Non-fatal injuries
22 Jews injured
Perpetrators Muslim Libyan rioters

The 1948 Tripoli pogrom was initiated by Muslim Libyans against the Jewish community of Tripoli and its surroundings in June 1948, resulting in at least 12 Jews dead and destruction of 280 Jewish homes.[1] The pogrom occurred during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, when the anti-Jewish attitudes reached their peak.

Background[edit]

The Jews of Libya had already suffered severely during World War II and shortly after it ended, when the bloody pogrom in Tripoli claimed many Jewish lives three years earlier.

The pogrom[edit]

The pogrom was a result of anti-Jewish attitudes throughout the Arab World and earlier Antisemitic incitements by Nazi propaganda, which intensified with the eruption of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. On June 12, Muslim mobs attacked the Jewish Quarter in Tripoli, Libya.[2] This time, unlike the previous Tripoli pogrom, the Jewish community of Tripoli had prepared to defend itself. Jewish self-defense units fought back against the Muslim rioters, preventing dozens of more deaths.[3] Upon being repelled by Jewish self-defense units, the Muslim mobs turned upon undefended neighborhoods outside Hara, murdering thirteen or fourteen Jews, seriously injuring 22, causing extensive property damage, and leaving approximately 300 families destitute.[2] Jews in the surrounding countryside and in Benghazi were subjected to additional attacks.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

The insecurity which arose from anti-Jewish attacks led many Jews to abandon Libya and emigrate. The emigration, which was prompted by the 1945 Tripoli pogrom, had become a refugee "flood" with the ending of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. From 1948 to 1951, and especially after immigration became legal in 1949, 30,972 Jews moved to Israel,[4] which had gained independence.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shields, Jacqueline.Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries in Jewish Virtual Library.
  2. ^ a b c [1]
  3. ^ Selent, pp. 20-21
  4. ^ History of the Jewish Community in Libya". Retrieved July 1, 2006