1949

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This article is about the year 1949. For the number, see 1949 (number).
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1910s  1920s  1930s  – 1940s –  1950s  1960s  1970s
Years: 1946 1947 194819491950 1951 1952
1949 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1949 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1949
MCMXLIX
Ab urbe condita 2702
Armenian calendar 1398
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԸ
Assyrian calendar 6699
Bahá'í calendar 105–106
Bengali calendar 1356
Berber calendar 2899
British Regnal year 13 Geo. 6 – 14 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2493
Burmese calendar 1311
Byzantine calendar 7457–7458
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth Rat)
4645 or 4585
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4646 or 4586
Coptic calendar 1665–1666
Discordian calendar 3115
Ethiopian calendar 1941–1942
Hebrew calendar 5709–5710
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2005–2006
 - Shaka Samvat 1871–1872
 - Kali Yuga 5050–5051
Holocene calendar 11949
Igbo calendar 949–950
Iranian calendar 1327–1328
Islamic calendar 1368–1369
Japanese calendar Shōwa 24
(昭和24年)
Juche calendar 38
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4282
Minguo calendar ROC 38
民國38年
Thai solar calendar 2492

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (dominical letter B), the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1940s decade.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

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August[edit]

Soviets detonate their first nuclear weapon.

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

Dec. 16: Sukarno, first President of Indonesia.

December[edit]

Date unknown[edit]

Currywurst
  • The Currywurst is invented in Berlin.
  • The Malta Labour Party is founded.
  • The Vatican announces that bones uncovered in its subterranean catacombs could be the apostle Peter; 19 years later, Pope Paul VI announces confirmation that the bones belong to this first pope.[6]
  • The first 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun prototypes are completed.
  • 1949 was the first year in which no African-American was reported lynched in the USA.[7]
  • Joseph Stalin launches a savage attack on Soviet Jews, accusing them of being pro-Western and antisocialist.
  • Samuel Putnam publishes his new translation of Don Quixote, the first in what we would consider modern English. It is instantly acclaimed and, in 2008, is still in print.
  • Fernand Braudel's La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II is published.


Births[edit]

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August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

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April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Big bang' astronomer dies". BBC News. 22 August 2001. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  2. ^ Croswell, Ken (1995). "Chapter 9". The Alchemy of the Heavens. Anchor Books. ISBN 0-385-47213-7. 
  3. ^ Mitton, Simon (2005). Fred Hoyle: a Life in Science. Aurum Press. p. 127. ISBN 1-85410-961-8. 
  4. ^ "Pioneer computer to be rebuilt". Cam 62: 5. Lent 2011. 
  5. ^ "Address given by Winston Churchill (London, 28 November 1949)". european navigator The first digital library on the history of Europe. 28 November 1949. Retrieved 2009-08-15. 
  6. ^ "Year by Year 1949" – History Channel International.
  7. ^ From Harding to Hiroshima by Barrington Boardman (1988), p. 14. ISBN 0-934878-94-3