1949 in literature
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|List of years in literature (table)|
|... 1939 . 1940 . 1941 . 1942 . 1943 . 1944 . 1945 ...
1946 1947 1948 -1949- 1950 1951 1952
... 1953 . 1954 . 1955 . 1956 . 1957 . 1958 . 1959 ...
In poetry: 1946 1947 1948 -1949- 1950 1951 1952
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
The year 1949 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- February 10 - Arthur Miller's tragedy Death of a Salesman opens at the Morosco Theatre on Broadway in New York City and runs for 742 performances.
- March - Poet Pablo Neruda flees Chile over the Lilpela Pass through the Andes to Argentina on horseback carrying a manuscript of his Canto General.
- April 14 - N'Ko alphabet devised by Solomana Kante as a writing system and literary language for the Manding languages of West Africa.
- June 8 - George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four is published in London by Secker & Warburg.
- October 5 - American writer Helene Hanff writes her first letter from New York City to the London antiquarian bookdealers Marks & Co in a correspondence which will eventually be collected as 84, Charing Cross Road.
- October 13 - George Orwell marries Sonia Brownell while confined in University College Hospital, London, where he will die 3 months later.
- Bertolt Brecht's play Mother Courage and Her Children (Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder, 1939) is first performed in Germany, at the Deutsches Theater in East Berlin with his wife Helene Weigel in the title role and staged with his Verfremdungseffekt ("distancing effect").
- Arthur C. Clarke becomes Assistant Editor of Science Abstracts.
- Radclyffe Hall's lesbian novel The Well of Loneliness, convicted of obscenity in the United Kingdom on first publication in 1928, is republished posthumously in the U.K. by Falcon Press with no legal challenge.
- Jean-Paul Sartre completes his Les Chemins de la Liberté ("The Roads to Freedom") trilogy.
- The Théâtre du Rideau Vert is founded in Montreal by Yvette Brind'Amour and Mercedes Palomino as the first professional French-language theatre in Canada.
- A statue of folk poet Larin Paraske is erected in Helsinki.
- Enid Blyton's children's books Little Noddy Goes to Toyland, the first to introduce the title character; and The Secret Seven, first in the eponymous series, are published in England.
- Nelson Algren - The Man with the Golden Arm
- Miguel Ángel Asturias - Men of Maize
- Jorge Luis Borges - The Aleph
- Paul Bowles - The Sheltering Sky
- Fredric Brown - The Screaming Mimi
- Pearl S. Buck - The Angry Wife
- Dorothy Bussy - Olivia (published anonymously)
- Taylor Caldwell - Let Love Come Last
- Italo Calvino - The Crow Comes Last (Ultimo viene il corvo; short stories)
- Alejo Carpentier - The Kingdom of this World (El reino de este mundo)
- John Dickson Carr
- Below Suspicion
- A Graveyard To Let (as by Carter Dickson)
- Agatha Christie - Crooked House
- H. F. Ellis - The Papers of A. J. Wentworth B.A.
- Foster Fitzsimmons - Bright Leaf
- Graham Greene - The Third Man
- A. B. Guthrie, Jr. - The Way West
- John Hawkes - Cannibal
- Alfred Hayes - The Girl on the Via Flaminia
- Marguerite Henry - King of the Wind
- Georgette Heyer - Arabella
- Shirley Jackson - The Lottery and Other Stories
- Alaric Jacob - Scenes from a Bourgeois Life
- Dagmar Lange - Mördaren ljuger inte ensam ("The Murderer is Not the Only Liar")
- Marghanita Laski - Little Boy Lost
- H. P. Lovecraft - Something About Cats and Other Pieces
- Robert Merle - Week-end at Zuydcoote (Week-end à Zuydcoote)
- Nancy Mitford - Love in a Cold Climate
- C. L. Moore - Beyond Earth's Gates
- Stratis Myrivilis - Η Παναγιά η Γοργόνα (E Panayia e Yoryona, "The Mermaid Madonna")
- John O'Hara - A Rage to Live
- George Orwell - Nineteen Eighty-Four
- Ruth Park - Poor Man's Orange
- Karel Poláček - There Were Five of Us (Czech Bylo nás pět)
- Samuel Putnam (translator) - Don Quixote
- Ellery Queen - Cat of Many Tails
- Harold Robbins - The Dream Merchants
- Jack Schaefer - Shane
- Anna Seghers - Die Toten Bleiben Jung
- Nevil Shute - A Town Like Alice
- Emma Smith - The Far Cry
- Rex Stout - Trouble in Triplicate
- Rex Stout - The Second Confession
- V.M. Straka - Ship of Theseus
- Edward Streeter - Father of the Bride
- Gwyn Thomas - All Things Betray Thee
- Arved Viirlaid - Tormiaasta ("The Year of Storms")
- Mika Waltari - The Egyptian
- S. Fowler Wright - The Throne of Saturn
- Frank Yerby - Pride's Castle
- T. S. Eliot - The Cocktail Party
- Christopher Fry - The Lady's Not for Burning
- Jean Genet - Deathwatch (Haute Surveillance)
- Arthur Miller - Death of a Salesman
- Nelson Rodrigues - Dorotéia
- Carlos de Oliveira - Descida aos Infernos
- Robert Frost - Complete Poems of Robert Frost (Holt)
- Máirtín Ó Direáin - Rogha Dánta
- Octavio Paz - Libertad bajo palabra
- Fernand Braudel - La Méditerranée et le monde Méditerranéen à l'époque de Philippe II
- Joseph Campbell - The Hero with a Thousand Faces
- John Dickson Carr - The Life of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
- Thomas B. Costain - The Conquering Family, also known as The Conquerors (First book in the Plantagenet Series, also known as The Pageant of England)
- Simone de Beauvoir - The Second Sex
- Dion Fortune - The Cosmic Doctrine (posthumous)
- John Gunther – Death Be Not Proud
- Jean Hugard and Frederick Braue - The Royal Road To Card Magic
- John Maynard Keynes (posthumous) – Two Memoirs
- Margaret Mead - Male and Female
- Audie Murphy - To Hell and Back
- Finn Ronne - Antarctic Conquest
- Gilbert Ryle - The Concept of Mind
- January 1 - Radu Țuulescu, Romanian novelist, dramatist and theatre director
- January 12 - Haruki Murakami, Japanese novelist
- January 26 - Jonathan Carroll, American author of fantasy fiction
- February 4 - Mark D. Devlin, memoirist (died 2005)
- March 26 - Patrick Süskind, German novelist
- April 11 - Dorothy Allison, novelist and campaigner
- June 5 - Ken Follett, novelist
- July 15 - Richard Russo, Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist
- August 3 - Peter Gutmann, journalist
- August 25 - Martin Amis, UK novelist and critic
- October 5 - Peter Ackroyd, English author
- November 2 - Lois McMaster Bujold, American author of science fiction and fantasy
- November 24 - Erwin Neutzsky-Wulff, Danish philosopher
- December 22 - David Gilmour, novelist
- December 24 - Alberto Pérez-Gómez, architectural historian
- date unknown
- January 11 - Nelson Doubleday, U.S. book publisher, 59
- February 11 - Axel Munthe, Swedish doctor and author
- May 6 - Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian poet, playwright and Nobel Laureate
- June 10 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian author and Nobel Laureate
- June 11 - Oton Župančič, Slovene poet, translator and dramatist, 69
- June 14 - Russell Doubleday, U.S. author and publisher
- July 2 - Elsa Bernstein, German dramatist, 82
- August 2 - Hermann Grab, Bohemian German-language novelist, 46
- August 16 - Margaret Mitchell, U.S. novelist best known for Gone with the Wind, 48 (road accident)
- September 4 - Herbert Eulenberg, German poet and dramatist, 73
- September 6 - Lucien Descaves, French novelist, 88
- September 19
- September 21 - Jorge Cáceres, Chilean poet and artist, 26
- October 20 - Jacques Copeau, French actor and dramatist, 70
- October 24 - Thomas Rowland Hughes, Welsh-language novelist, dramatist and poet, 46 (multiple sclerosis)
- December 7 - Rex Beach, U.S. author
- December 28 - Hervey Allen, U.S. novelist, 60 (heart attack)
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Agnes Allen, The Story of Your Home
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Emma Smith, The Far Cry
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: John Connell, W. E. Henley
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Marguerite Henry, King of the Wind
- Nobel Prize for literature: William Faulkner
- Order of Merit: Bertrand Russell
- Premio Nadal: Jose Suárez Carreño, Las últimas horas
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: James Gould Cozzens, Guard of Honor
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Peter Viereck, Terror and Decorum