194th Armored Brigade (United States)
|194th Armor Brigade|
194th Armor Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia
|Active||1921–1946, 1962–1995, 2007–present|
|Allegiance||United States Army|
|Role||Armor One Station Unit Training|
|Part of||TRADOC, United States Army Armor School|
|Distinctive Unit Insignia|
The 194th Armored Brigade is a separate brigade of the US Army.
In 1962, the 194th Armored Brigade was created and assigned to the US Army's Combat Developments Command to test new materiel at Fort Ord, California. It assumed the mission of the tank battalion of the 5th Infantry Division previously there. The next change occurred in the mid-1960s amid Army-wide reductions to make resources available for the Vietnam War. In a personnel-saving action, the Combat Developments Command's 194th Armored Brigade at Fort Ord was replaced by a battalion-size combat team and reorganized at Fort Knox to support the Armor School in place of the 16th Armored Group. Under the new configuration, the brigade included one mechanized infantry and two armored battalions. The brigade was cannibalized to fill out CONUS-based III Corps units deploying to Saudi Arabia for Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm.
David Isby & Charles Kamps, Jr., record the composition of the 194th Armored Brigade (Separate) in 1984 in Armies of NATO’s Central Front as including:
- 4th Battalion, 54th Infantry
- 5th Battalion, 73d Armor
- 5th Battalion, 33d Armor
- 5th Battalion, 41st Field Artillery
- Troop D, 10th Cavalry
- 522d Engineer Company
- 3rd Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery
There were the following units assigned to the 194th Armored Brigade (Separate) in 1990. They were:
- HHC, 194th Armored Brigade
- 1st Battalion, 10th Cavalry
- 2d Battalion, 10th Cavalry
- 2d Battalion, 33rd Armor
- Troop D, 10th Cavalry
- 4th Battalion, 15th Infantry
- 19th Engineer Battalion
- 75th Support Battalion
- 1st Battalion, 77th Field Artillery
- MP Platoon
The brigade downsized to primarily the 19th Engineer Battalion and Task Force 1st Battalion, 10th Cavalry. The task force consisted of a headquarters company, three armored (M-1 Abrams) companies, two infantry companies (mechanized) and one field artillery battery (M109 SP 155mm - Battery A, 77th Field Artillery).
The brigade was reduced to a separate battalion task force in 1993, the 2d Battalion, 33d Armor, of which at least three companies were tank and one was mechanized infantry, with sources also mentioning artillery and Bradley M-3 scout companies.
2–33 AR Task Force was finally disbanded in mid-late 1994.
The 194th Armored Brigade designation has been restored to active duty. It assumed command of the 1st Armored Training Brigade at Fort Knox, Kentucky, and is now charged with the responsibility of One Station Unit Training (OSUT), which trains tankers and cavalry scouts. It also consists of two infantry battalions (1st battalion of the 46th Infantry Regiment, and the 2nd battalion 47th Infantry Regiment (United States)) which conduct nine-week basic training. The brigade includes the 30th Adjutant General Battalion, which primarily conducts reception operations for soldiers going to Advanced Individual Training, Basic Training and One Station Unit Training.
ORDER OF BATTLE
- Headquarters & Headquarters Company
- 1st Battalion, 81st Armor
- 5th Squadron, 15th Cavalry
- 1st Battalion, 46th Infantry Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, 47th Infantry Regiment
- 30th AG Battalion (reception)
Lineage of Headquarters, 194th Armored Brigade
Constituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 194th Infantry Brigade, and assigned to the 97th Infantry Division
Organized in June 1922 at Concord, New Hampshire
Redesignated 23 March 1925 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 194th Brigade
Redesignated 24 August 1936 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 194th Infantry Brigade
Converted and redesignated 12 February 1942 as the 3d Platoon, 97th Reconnaissance Troop, 97th Division (Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 193d Infantry Brigade, concurrently converted and redesignated as the 97th Reconnaissance Troop, [less 3d Platoon], 97th Division)
Troop ordered into active military service 25 February 1943 and reorganized at Camp Swift, Texas, as the 97th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, an element of the 97th Infantry Division
Reorganized and redesignated 1 August 1943 as the 97th Reconnaissance Troop, Mechanized
Reorganized and redesignated 15 October 1945 as the 97th Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop
Inactivated 31 March 1946 in Japan
(Organized Reserves redesignated 25 March 1948 as the Organized Reserve Corps; redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve)
3d Platoon, 97th Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop converted and redesignated 15 July 1962 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 194th Infantry Brigade, and relieved from assignment to the 97th Infantry Division; concurrently withdrawn from the Army Reserve and allotted to the Regular Army (remainder of troop concurrently converted and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 193d Infantry Brigade—hereafter separate lineage)
Converted and redesignated 1 October 1962 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 194th Armored Brigade
Activated 21 December 1962 at Fort Ord, California
Inactivated 29 June 1995 at Fort Knox, Kentucky
Transferred 9 November 2006 to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
Headquarters activated 10 July 2007 at Fort Knox, Kentucky
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "Lineage and Honors, Headquarters 194th Armored Brigade".
- p.312 Wilson, John B. Maneuver and Firepower: The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades Government Printing Office, 1 Jan 1999
- Wilson, John B. (1998). "Chapter XI: A New Direction – Flexible Response". Maneuver and Firepower:The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades. Washington, D.C. CMH Pub 60-14.
- Wilson, John B. (1998). "Chapter XII: Flexible Response". Maneuver and Firepower:The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 60-14.
- Unit Assignments under the U.S. Army Regimental System in 1990
- Blog posting by former 194th Bde (2–33 AR) crews
- David Isby & Charles Kamps, Jr., Armies of NATO’s Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1984
- Army Regulation 600-84, U.S. Army Regimental System, 5 June 1990