1950 U.S. Open (golf)

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1950 U.S. Open
Tournament information
Dates June 8–11, 1950
Location Ardmore, Pennsylvania
Course(s) Merion Golf Club,
East Course
Tour(s) PGA Tour
Statistics
Par 70
Length 6,694 yards (6,121 m)[1]
Field 150 players, 52 after cut
Cut 149 (+9)
Prize fund $15,000[2]
Winner's share $4,000
Champion
United States Ben Hogan
287 (+7), playoff
Merion GC is located in United States
Merion GC
Merion GC
Location in the United States

The 1950 U.S. Open was the 50th U.S. Open, held June 8–11 at the East Course of Merion Golf Club in Ardmore, Pennsylvania, a suburb northwest of Philadelphia. In what became known as the "Miracle at Merion," 1948 champion Ben Hogan won the second of his four U.S. Open titles in an 18-hole playoff over Lloyd Mangrum and George Fazio, just 16 months after being severely injured in an automobile accident.[3] It was the fourth of Hogan's nine major titles.[4]

Lee Mackey established a new tournament record by shooting a 64 in the first round, but followed that up with an 81 and finished in 25th place. His score of 64 would not be bettered in any other major championship until Johnny Miller closed with a 63 at the 1973 U.S. Open. Tommy Armour, three-time major champion and winner in 1927, played in his final major and missed the cut.

This was the second U.S. Open played at Merion's East Course, which previously hosted sixteen years earlier in 1934, won by Olin Dutra. Opened in 1912, the course was the site of the U.S. Amateur in 1916, 1924, and 1930; the first was the debut of Bobby Jones at age 14 (quarterfinalist) and the latter two he won. The 1930 victory was the fourth and final leg of his grand slam.

Hogan made his U.S. Open debut at Merion in 1934 at age 21. He shot 79 (+9) twice[5] and missed the 36-hole cut by three strokes. Hogan made his first cut at the U.S. Open 1939 and did not miss another; his last was in 1967 at age 54.

Course[edit]

East Course

Hole 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
Yards 360 555 195 595 425 435 360 367 185 3,477 335 378 400 133 443 395 445 230 458 3,217 6,694
Par 4 5 3 5 4 4 4 4 3 36 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 34 70

Source:[6]

Past champions in the field[edit]

Made the cut[edit]

Player Country Year(s) won R1 R2 R3 R4 Total To par Finish
Ben Hogan  United States 1948 72 69 72 74 287 +7 1
Lloyd Mangrum  United States 1946 72 70 69 76 287 +7 2
Cary Middlecoff  United States 1949 71 71 71 79 292 +12 T10
Gene Sarazen  United States 1922, 1932 72 72 82 76 302 +22 T35

Missed the cut[edit]

Player Country Year won R1 R2 Total To par
Tommy Armour  United States 1927 75 75 150 +10
Tony Manero  United States 1936 77 75 152 +12
Lawson Little  United States 1940 79 74 153 +13
Craig Wood  United States 1941 77 76 153 +13
Billy Burke  United States 1931 78 79 157 +17
Lew Worsham  United States 1947 82 76 158 +18
Johnny Farrell  United States 1928 79 81 160 +20

Source:[6][7]

Final round[edit]

Saturday, June 10, 1950
Mangrum began the final round in the afternoon with a two-stroke lead over Hogan. Fazio was the first to post 287 (+7) after an even-par 70. Mangrum struggled early in his round, carding six bogeys on the first seven holes and shot 76 (+6), which also left him at 287. Hogan had a chance to win the tournament but missed a short putt for par at 15 and then bogeyed the par-3 17th. In a three-way tie for the lead going to the difficult 18th, Hogan hit one of his most famous shots, a 1-iron approach to 40 feet (12 m).[8] He two-putted for par to get into the three-way Sunday playoff.[9]

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
T1 Ben Hogan  United States 72-69-72-74=287 +7 Playoff
Lloyd Mangrum  United States 72-70-69-76=287
George Fazio  United States 73-72-72-70=287
4 Dutch Harrison  United States 72-67-73-76=288 +8 800
T5 Jim Ferrier  Australia 71-69-74-75=289 +9 500
Joe Kirkwood, Jr.  United States 71-74-74-70=289
Henry Ransom  United States 72-71-73-73=289
8 Bill Nary  United States 73-70-74-73=290 +10 350
9 Julius Boros  United States 68-72-77-74=291 +11 300
T10 Cary Middlecoff  United States 71-71-71-79=292 +12 225
Johnny Palmer  United States 73-70-70-79=292

Scorecard[edit]

Hole   1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18 
Par 4 5 3 5 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4
United States Hogan +3 +3 +4 +4 +4 +4 +4 +4 +4 +4 +4 +5 +5 +5 +6 +6 +7 +7
United States Mangrum +2 +3 +2 +3 +4 +5 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +6 +7 +7 +7 +7
United States Fazio +7 +6 +7 +7 +7 +7 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +7 +8 +7 +7 +7 +7
United States Harrison +3 +2 +4 +5 +5 +5 +5 +6 +7 +7 +7 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8
Australia Ferrier +7 +6 +7 +7 +7 +7 +8 +8 +8 +8 +9 +9 +9 +9 +10 +9 +9 +9
United States Middlecoff +3 +4 +4 +5 +7 +7 +7 +6 +6 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +9 +11 +12 +12
United States Palmer +4 +4 +5 +5 +7 +8 +8 +8 +8 +8 +9 +10 +11 +11 +11 +11 +11 +12

Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
Source:[6]

Playoff[edit]

Sunday, June 11, 1950
The three players were within one stroke of each other as late as the 13th hole. Fazio bogied four of the last five holes to fall out of contention, while Hogan led Mangrum by a single stroke through 15. As Mangrum prepared to putt on the 16th, he picked up his ball to remove a bug that had landed on it, a violation of the rules. Assessed a two-stroke penalty, Mangrum made a double-bogey 6 which allowed Hogan to cruise to a four-stroke victory.[1]

Place Player Country Score To par Money ($)
1 Ben Hogan  United States 36-33=69 −1 4,000
2 Lloyd Mangrum  United States 36-37=73 +3 2,500
3 George Fazio  United States 37-38=75 +5 1,000
  • This was the final three-way playoff at the U.S. Open that determined a third place finisher; at the next in 1963, non-winners tied for second.

Scorecard[edit]

Hole   1     2     3     4     5     6     7     8     9    10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18 
Par 4 5 3 5 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 3 4
United States Hogan E E E E E E −1 E E E E E E E E E −1 −1
United States Mangrum E −1 E E E E E E E +1 E +1 +1 +2 +1 +3 +3 +3
United States Fazio +1 E E E E +1 +2 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +2 +3 +4 +4 +5

Source:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hogan shoots 69, one under, to win Open golf". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 12, 1950. p. 19. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Open history: 1950". USGA. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 
  3. ^ Trostel, Michael (May 28, 2013). "Looking Back...1950 U.S. Open at Merion". USGA. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Defining Moment". Golf Digest. June 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  5. ^ Cavagnaro, Bob (June 9, 1934). "Bobby Cruickshank has three-stroke lead as 64 golfers battle for Open title". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. p. 6. 
  6. ^ a b c "1950 U.S. Open news, cards, pairings, scores". Trenham Golf History. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  7. ^ "National Open tourney scores". Youngtown Vindicator. Associated Press. June 10, 1950. p. 7. 
  8. ^ Balicki, Ron (September 11, 2009). "Remembering the 1-iron at Merion". Golfweek. Retrieved December 6, 2012. 
  9. ^ Talbot, Gayle (June 11, 1950). "Hogan, Mangrum, Fazio tie; Ben's legs give out". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. p. 1-B. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°00′04″N 75°18′43″W / 40.001°N 75.312°W / 40.001; -75.312