1950 in science

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The year 1950 in science and technology included some significant events.

Astronomy and space sciences[edit]

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Computer science[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Events[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oort, Jan (1950). "The structure of the cloud of comets surrounding the Solar System and a hypothesis concerning its origin". Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands 11: 91–110. Bibcode:1950BAN....11...91O. 
  2. ^ Bassham, J.; Benson, A.; Calvin, M. (1950). "The path of carbon in photosynthesis". Journal of Biological Chemistry 185 (2): 781–7. doi:10.2172/910351. PMID 14774424. 
  3. ^ Thompson, S. G.; Street, Jr. K.; Ghiorso, A.; Seaborg, G. T. (1950). "Element 98". Physical Review 78 (3): 298. Bibcode:1950PhRv...78..298T. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.78.298.2. 
  4. ^ Thompson, S. G.; Street, Jr. K.; Ghiorso, A.; Seaborg, G. T. (1950). "The New Element Californium (Atomic Number 98)" (PDF). Physical Review 80 (5): 790. Bibcode:1950PhRv...80..790T. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.80.790. 
  5. ^ Street, K., Jr.; Thompson, S. G.; Seaborg, G. T. (1950). "Chemical Properties of Californium" (PDF). Journal of the American Chemical Society 72 (10): 4832. doi:10.1021/ja01166a528. 
  6. ^ Shannon, Claude E. (March 1950). "Programming a Computer for Playing Chess". Philosophical Magazine 41 (314): 256–75. Retrieved 2012-01-20. 
  7. ^ Hamming, R. W. (April 1950). "Error detecting and error correcting codes" (PDF). Bell System Technical Journal 29 (2): 147–160. doi:10.1002/j.1538-7305.1950.tb00463.x. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  8. ^ O'Connor, J. J.; Robertson, E. F. (January 2012). "Richard Wesley Hamming". MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  9. ^ Turing, A. M. (October 1950). "Computing Machinery and Intelligence". Mind 59 (236): 433–60. doi:10.1093/mind/LIX.236.433. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  10. ^ Epstein, Robert; Roberts, Gary; Beber, Grace, eds. (2009). Parsing the Turing Test: Philosophical and Methodological Issues in the Quest for the Thinking Computer. New York: Kluwer. ISBN 978-1-4020-6708-2. 
  11. ^ Osborne, M. J. (2004), An Introduction to Game Theory, Oxford University Press, p. 23 
  12. ^ Nash, J. F. (1950). "Equilibrium Points in N-person Games". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 36 (1): 48–9. Bibcode:1950PNAS...36...48N. doi:10.1073/pnas.36.1.48. MR 0031701. PMC 1063129. PMID 16588946. .
  13. ^ Nash, J. F. (1950). "The Bargaining Problem". Econometrica (18): 155–62. MR 0035977. .
  14. ^ Poundstone, William (1992). Prisoner's Dilemma. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0385415672. 
  15. ^ Petechuk, David (2006). Organ transplantation. Greenwood. p. 11. ISBN 0-313-33542-7. 
  16. ^ Barrett, N. R. (October 1950). "Chronic Peptic Ulcer of the Œsophagus and 'Œsophagitis'" (PDF). British Journal of Surgery 38 (150): 175–82. doi:10.1002/bjs.18003815005. PMID 14791960. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  17. ^ Ward, J. C. (1950). "An identity in quantum electrodynamics". Physical Review 78: 182. Bibcode:1950PhRv...78..182W. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.78.182. 
  18. ^ "C.B.S. Color Video Starts Nov. 20; Adapters Needed by Present Sets". New York Times. 1950-10-12. p. 1. 
  19. ^ Slotten, Hugh Richard (2000). Radio and Television Regulation: Broadcast Technology in the United States 1920–1960. JHU Press. ISBN 0-8018-6450-X. 
  20. ^ "The Greatest Canadian Invention". CBC Television. [dead link]
  21. ^ "Pocket Radio Pages Doctors Night Or Day". Popular Science. January 1951.