1951 in Israel

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1951
in
Israel
Decades:
See also: Other events of 1951
List of years in Israel
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Events in the year 1951 in Israel.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

  • 1 January – The Tel Aviv Stock Exchange commences operating.
  • 13 March – Israel disclosed a demand for 6.2 billion Deutsche Mark ($1.5 billion US dollars) for Jewish property confiscated and plundered by the Germans during the Nazi regime. The German reparations would be used to resettle the 500,000 Jewish war refugees whom immigrated to Israel from countries formerly under the Nazi regime.[1]
  • 4 April – El-Hamma Incident: Israel attempts to enforce its sovereignty over the demilitarized zone along the Syrian border, which included the site of Hamat Gader, by sending a force of IDF soldiers dressed in police uniforms to the site. Syrian soldiers guarding the entrance to Hamat Gader order the Israeli force to turn back immediately, but it refuses and continues on its way. Once the Israeli force had passed, the Syrians open fire on it from the rear, killing seven Israeli soldiers and wounding three. One IDF soldier who survived the attack is taken prisoner.[2][3]
  • 5 April – Operation El-Hamma: Following the El-Ḥamma incident, Israeli Air Force planes launch an attack on Hamat Gader. The operation fails, as the attacking planes miss their target.
  • 2–6 May – A five-day battle occurs between Syrian Army and the IDF after Syrian troops enter the demilitarized zone in Chorazin, northeast of the Sea of Galilee.
  • 30 July – Mapai, headed by David Ben-Gurion, obtains the largest number of votes in the second Israeli legislative elections.
  • 8 October – David Ben-Gurion presents his cabinet for a Knesset "Vote of Confidence". The 3rd Government is approved that day and the members were sworn in.
  • 11 November – The Egged bus company becomes a cross-country public transportation network after merging with the northern "Shahar" bus company and the southern "Drom Yehuda" bus company.
  • 19 November – In the 1951 Israeli presidential election, the Knesset re-elects Chaim Weizmann, who is in ill-health, as President of Israel, with 85 votes in favour and 11 votes against. There is no other candidate.

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 1951 include:

  • 6 February - An Israeli platoon attacks Sharafat killing nine, including 3 women and five children.[4]
  • 20 October - The eastern suburbs of Gaza City are attacked by two companies from the IDF's 7th Armored Brigade. Dozens were killed or injured.[5]
  • 4 December - An Israeli woman is abducted in Jerusalem by Palestinian fedayeen, who rape and murder her.

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable births[edit]

  • 25 September – Yardena Arazi, Israeli singer and entertainer.
  • 18 November – Yoni Rechter, Israeli musician, composer, pianist, arranger and singer.

Notable deaths[edit]

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Israel Puts in Claim for Nazi Damages Portsmouth Times, 13 March 1951
  2. ^ "Background to the Conquering of the Golan Heights - The Demilitarized Zones and the Border Clashes" (Hebrew)
  3. ^ Hamat Gader in the 20th century
  4. ^ Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949 - 1956. Arab infiltration, Israeli retaliation, and the countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. Page 194.
  5. ^ Morris. Page 202.

External links[edit]