1951 in spaceflight

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1951 in spaceflight
Aerobee RTV-A-1.jpg
Several Aerobee rockets were launched in 1951

1951 saw a number of suborbital spaceflights, conducted to test missiles, or conduct scientific research. The Soviet Union conducted large numbers of R-1 and R-2 missile tests, whilst the United States launched several research flights using Aerobee and captured V-2 rockets.


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

18 January
20:14
GermanyV-2 United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 18 January Failed
Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
29 January GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 29 January Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 January GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 30 January Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 January GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 31 January Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

February[edit]

1 February GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 1 February Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
2 February GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 2 February Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

March[edit]

9 March
03:16
GermanyV-2 United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesUS Army
United StatesBlossom IV-E US Army Suborbital Ionospheric/Solar/Aeronomy 9 March Failed
Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)

May[edit]

29 May
19:46
United StatesAerobee RTVA-1 United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesARDC
ARDC Suborbital Ionospheric 29 May Failed
Apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)

June[edit]

8 June
01:18
United StatesAerobee United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 8 June Failed
Apogee: 6 kilometres (3.7 mi)
13 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 13 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 June
13:48
GermanyV-2 United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 14 June Failed
14 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 14 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 18 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 19 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 20 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 22 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 23 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 24 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 26 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 27 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 June
21:43
GermanyV-2 United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesUS Army
United StatesBlossom IV-F US Army Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 28 June Failed
Apogee: 6 kilometres (3.7 mi)

July[edit]

1 July GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 1 July Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
2 July GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 2 July Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
22 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1V Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 22 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi) Dogs Dezik and Zhegan were carried in space and survived the impact.
27 July GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 27 July Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
29 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1B Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 29 July Failed
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi) Electrical failure, no payload recovery; carried dogs did not survive

August[edit]

7 August
18:00
United StatesViking United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesMartin
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric/Solar 7 August Successful
Apogee: 219 kilometres (136 mi)[1]
15 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1B Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Solar/Biological 15 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1V Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 19 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 August
19:00
GermanyV-2 United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Test 22 August Successful
Apogee: 213 kilometres (132 mi)
28 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1B Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 28 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

September[edit]

3 September GermanySoviet UnionR-1B Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological 3 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

October[edit]

17 October
18:17
United StatesAerobee United StatesHolloman LC-A United StatesARDC
ARDC Suborbital Ionospheric 17 October Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
29 October
21:04
GermanyUnited StatesV-2 United StatesWhite Sands LC-33 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy 29 October Successful
Apogee: 137 kilometres (85 mi)

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]