1952 Air France SNCASE Languedoc crash

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1952 Air France SNCASE Languedoc crash
SNCASE Languedoc of Air France
A SNCASE Languedoc of Air France, similar to the accident aircraft
Accident summary
Date 3 March 1952
Summary Jammed controls, design error
Site ca 1 km N of Nice-le Var Airport
43°40′00″N 7°12′28″E / 43.66667°N 7.20778°E / 43.66667; 7.20778Coordinates: 43°40′00″N 7°12′28″E / 43.66667°N 7.20778°E / 43.66667; 7.20778
Passengers 34
Crew 4
Fatalities 38 (all)
Aircraft type SNCASE SE.161/P7 Languedoc
Operator Air France
Registration F-BCUM
Flight origin Tunis-El Aouina Airport (TUN/DTTA), Tunisia
Stopover Nice-le Var Airport (NCE/LFMN), Nice
Destination Paris-Le Bourget Airport (LBG/LFPB), Paris

The 1952 Air France SNCASE Languedoc crash occurred on 3 March 1952 when a SNCASE SE.161/P7 Languedoc aircraft of Air France crashed on take-off from Nice Airport for Le Bourget Airport, Paris, killing all 38 people on board. The cause of the accident was that the aileron controls had jammed, which in itself was contributed to by a design fault. The accident was the third deadliest in France at the time and is the deadliest involving the SNCASE Languedoc.

Aircraft[edit]

The accident aircraft was a SNCASE SE.161/P7 Languedoc, msn 43, registration F-BCUM. The aircraft was powered by four 1,220 hp (910 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830 SIC-3-G engines.[1]

Accident[edit]

John Emlyn-Jones
Lise Topart.

Shortly after take-off from Nice Airport on a scheduled domestic passenger flight to Orly Airport, Paris, the aircraft was seen to bank to the left, roll onto its back and crash about 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) north of the airport. All four crew and 34 passengers on board were killed.[1] The flight had originated in Tunis, Tunisia.[2] The accident was the third deadliest in France at the time and is the deadliest involving the SNCASE Languedoc.[1]

Thirteen of the victims were British, including shipowner John Emlyn-Jones and his wife.[3] Amongst the other victims were the French actresses Lise Topart and Michèle Verly and the American actress and ballet dancer Harriet Toby. A Frenchwoman was initially reported to have survived the crash seriously injured,[4] but she died later in hospital,[5] bringing the total to 38 deaths.[1]

Investigation[edit]

An investigation found that the cause of the accident was that the co-pilot's aileron controls had jammed due to a chain slipping off its sproket. The difficulty of setting and inspecting the chains in the dual control columns was cited as a contributory factor in the accident.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "F-BCUM Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "BREVITIES". Flight (7 March 1952): p.279. 
  3. ^ "RETURNING TOURISTS IN CRASH" The Times (London). Tuesday, 4 March 1952. (52251), col D, p. 6.
  4. ^ "38 KILLED IN AIRLINER" The Times (London). Tuesday, 4 March 1952. (52251), col D, p. 6.
  5. ^ "In the News: A Boat Race, a Submarine Escape Tower, U. S. Helicopters and Aircraft Accidents.". Illustrated London News (London) (5891): p.474. 15 March 1952.