1953–54 Port Vale F.C. season

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Port Vale
1953–54 season
Chairman Fred Burgess
Manager Freddie Steele
Stadium Vale Park
Football League Third Division North 1st (69 Points)
FA Cup Semi-finals
Top goalscorer League: Basil Hayward (22)
All: Basil Hayward (25)
Highest home attendance 42,000 vs. Blackpool (20 February 1954)
Lowest home attendance 9,367 vs. Accrington Stanley (30 March 1954)
Average home league attendance 16,653[1]
Home colours
Away colours

The 1953–54 season was Port Vale's forty-second season of football in the Football League, and their fifth season overall in the Third Division North. Freddie Steele's side were crowned Third Division North champions with 69 points out of a possible 92, eleven points ahead of their nearest rivals. They also reached the semi-finals of the FA Cup, and would be denied an appearance in the final due to a controversial goal from a dubious penalty. These achievements were based upon a record-breaking 'Iron Curtain' defence, and a solid squad of nineteen players, most of whom had taken the club to second in the league the previous season.

Seven still-standing club records were set this season, including three Football League records. One Football League record was for the fewest Football League goals conceded in a 46 match season – 26, just over one every two games. Just five of these were conceded at home, another Football League record. This was based upon 30 clean sheets, again a Football League record. They also recorded a club record low of three league defeats, and a club record home clean sheet streak of eleven matches, lasting from 7 September 1953 to 13 February 1954. Another club record was a streak of six away draws, lasting from 20 March to 26 April. They were undefeated at home all season, continuing a 42 match unbeaten run started on 8 November 1952, that would last until 18 September 1954.

The key players that formed the first eleven of 1953–54 were: Ray King (goalkeeper); Reg Potts and Stan Turner (full-backs); Tommy Cheadle, Albert Leake, Roy Sproson (half-backs); Colin Askey, John Cunliffe, Ken Griffiths, Basil Hayward, and Albert Mullard (forwards); Derek Tomkinson (reserve forward). Their achievements came as a team, without any outstanding stars, which caused The Sentinel to remark that the whole team were stars.[2]

Pre-season[edit]

The pre-season saw no new signings as the young, mostly local squad that had finished second in the 1952–53 campaign was enough for manager Freddie Steele.[3] Steele signed a three-year contract following his success the previous season.[4] He considered signing Stoke City goalkeeper Dennis Herod, and the two parties held talks before he was instead sold to Stockport County for £500.[5] Alf Jones was given his first professional contract, whilst Selwyn Whalley (who was training to become teacher), Harry Oliver and John Poole (both engineering apprentices) all were given part-time professional contracts.[5] Don Bould and Ron Fitzgerald returned from national service to become full-time professionals.[5] This gave the club a total of 21 full-time professionals, six part-time players and ten players aged 17–21 who could only play and train if they could find time off from their compulsory two-year national service.[5] The strip was a traditional white shirt with black shorts, whilst the change kit of red and white stripes were donated by a friend of one of the club's directors, who was a Sunderland supporter.[6]

There was only one public pre-season friendly on 13 August, which saw the club's first team take on the reserves; it ended with a surprise 4–2 victory for the reserves, Roland Lewis scoring a hat-trick.[6] Pre-season training consisted primarily of assistant manager Ken Fish leading a marathon running session from Burslem to Hanley and back to Burslem following a stop at a pub for a half-pint of shandy.[7] After returning to the ground Fish would organise a practise game.[7] The fitness work was actually crucial to the team's success, as Steele was ahead of his time in that he insisted that wide players should defend when the opposition were on the ball, in order to support the defence.[8] Superstition was of great importance to Steele, who ensured that the team rigidly stuck their pre-match rituals such as the intricacies of kit layout and the order in which players entered the pitch.[9]

Third Division North[edit]

The season began with a 2–1 win over Mansfield Town at Field Mill on 19 August; Chris Marron put Mansfield ahead on 52 minutes, before Roy Sproson scored the equaliser on 69 minutes, Basil Hayward scored the winning goal three minutes later after being the first to react to the rebound that came when Colin Askey's shot hit the crossbar.[10] The main surprise in the line-up of the opening day was that goalkeeper Ray Hancock had been dropped in favour of Ray King after King impressed in the pre-season friendly, the club's positive season meant that Hancock was unable to win back his place in the side.[10] Vale were then held to two consecutive goalless draws but remained unbeaten in their first seven league games, conceding just two goals. This run included a 3–0 win over Darlington at Feethams, and a 4–0 win over Barrow in which Hayward scored a hat-trick. They had risen to the top of the table by the third game of the season and remained in first place until the end of the season. Of the Barrow first eleven that day three of the players were brothers: Jack, Alan and Bert Keen.[11]

Vale lost by a single goal at Redheugh Park against Gateshead on 12 September; Vale, playing in their change kit, were beaten by a 57th minute goal from John Ingham.[12] This brought to an end the club's then-record streak of 16 games unbeaten.[13] Four days later Vale recorded a 2–1 win over Bradford Park Avenue at the Horsfall Stadium despite Reg Potts being injured with a swollen ankle early in the match.[13] A 2–0 home win over Workington on 19 September began a sequence of five clean sheets, with Jim Elsby standing in for Potts as Steele changed the starting line-up for the first time in eight games – this brought Potts' run of 73 consecutive appearances to an end.[14] The defensive fivesome of keeper Ray King, Tommy Cheadle, Reg Potts, Stan Turner and Roy Sproson began to be known as 'the Iron Curtain' or 'the Steele Curtain' (a play on the manager's name).[2] A 21 September game against nearby unbeaten Crewe Alexandra was billed as a 'crunch clash' between first and second, and a Sproson goal on 87 minutes won the match for the Vale.[2] For the return a week later a stadium record 17,883 packed into Gresty Road to witness a goalless draw at Crewe.[2] The attendance figures were helped by the management team of the Crewe Works, who allowed their workforce to leave work an hour early in order to make it for the 5:10pm kick-off.[15] The draw was achieved despite injuries to Albert Leake, Hayward and John Cunliffe, who were replaced by Derek Tomkinson, Roland Lewis and Mick Hulligan.[15]

On 3 October, Vale secured the biggest ever win at Vale Park when they beat York City 5–0.[16] Seven days later Vale's clean sheet streak came to an end, though they still secured a 2–1 victory over Chesterfield at Saltergate; Cyril Hatton was the scorer for Chesterfield, though it proved not enough to save his team's unbeaten home record.[16] Albert Mullard had a penalty kick saved towards the end of the game by goalkeeper Ron Powell, the only one of two penalties the club were awarded throughout the campaign.[16] Vale then beat Tranmere Rovers 2–0 after their defence successfully contained the threat posed by the division's then-top scorer Cyril Done.[17] The following week they won 1–0 at Halifax Town in a game where Ken Griffiths hit the woodwork three times.[17]

On 7 November, Vale conceded twice in one game for the first time in the season, as Peel Park saw their Accrington Stanley side achieve a 2–2 draw with the Vale.[2] Vale lost a two goal lead in the match, as Ian Brydon scored after the ball got stuck in the mud and then Les Cocker scored the equalising goal after Ray King failed to hold on to a shot.[18] By this time Vale were building a significant point advantage over the rest of the league.[2] On 28 November, Ken Griffiths scored a hat-trick as Vale 'tore apart' a poor Rochdale side 6–0, exceeding the record Vale Park win that had been set only two months earlier.[2]

Steele was investigated by a joint FA/Football League inquiry for his time as Mansfield Town manager in regard to suspected illegal payments – found guilty, he was given a £250 fine (equivalent to around £6,000 in 2014[19]).[20] The good run of results continued though, as they beat fifth-placed Barnsley 1–0 at Oakwell through a Hayward goal.[21] On Christmas Day and Boxing Day Vale recorded two 1–0 wins over Chester, with Hayward again the only player to find the net.[21][22] Captain Tommy Cheadle pulled a hamstring against Chester, and lost his place in the team as Steele moved the positions around to accommodate Derek Tomkinson in the team.[22] Roland Lewis was made available on a free transfer in December, and moved to non-league side Witton Albion.[23]

The club were granted a license to build a stand on the Railway Terrace at a cost of £25,000.[20] Vale struggled in the league in early 1954, losing 2–1 to Hartlepools United in a fierce wind at Victoria Park.[20] Cheadle was again absent through injury, as two goals from Tommy McGuigan ended Vale's record run of 21 games unbeaten.[24] Title rivals Gateshead then left Vale Park with a point after a goalless draw, ending the club's record run of 12 consecutive home victories.[25]

A shock came on 6 February, when Bill Shankly's Workington earned a 2–0 win at Borough Park – the only time in the season Vale lost by more than one goal.[20] Seven days later Scunthorpe & Lindsey United left Vale Park with a point as the home side came close to finding the net on numerous occasions without success despite one shot from Hayward partially injuring goalkeeper Norman Malan after he struck the ball hard into Malan's jaw.[26] Following this short run of poor form they next recorded a win against York City, securing a 1–0 victory at Bootham Crescent.[27] On 27 February, Chesterfield became the first away side to score at Vale Park since September, as they fought back from a two goal deficit to win a point.[20] Vale had previously conceded just one goal in 20 home games over an 11 month period, and had last conceded twice in a home league game on 30 August 1952.[27]

On 6 March, Tranmere Rovers striker Bill Bainbridge put his side ahead at Prenton Park, but the Vale equalised within two minutes and went on to win the game 3–1.[28] They beat Halifax 2–0 the following week, with both goals coming in the last 14 minutes of the game.[29] The trip to face Carlisle United at Brunton Park five days later saw six players sit out with injuries, leaving Hancock, Tomkinson, Len Barber, Elsby, Hulligan and Alan Bennett all to make rare appearances; Ken Fish also took charge of the team as Freddie Steele was watching FA Cup opponents West Bromwich Albion.[30] The game finished goalless, with both Hancock and "Cumbrians" goalkeeper Jimmy McLaren receiving praise for several excellent saves.[31] Vale ended the month with a 1–0 victory over Accrington Stanley despite Barber missing the second and last penalty the club would be awarded in the season.[32]

Despite playing twelve games in thirty days throughout April they remained unbeaten.[33] On 10 April they thrashed Stockport County 7–0 in a ground record victory, with Hayward scoring a hat-trick – they were 6–0 up after 36 minutes but then proceeded to play at 'a pleasant trot'.[33] The championship title was secured on 17 April at Spotland with a goalless draw with Rochdale.[33] They conceded just two goals in their final seven league games.

Vale finished top of the table with 69 points, eleven clear of second-placed Barnsley.[33] Their 26 league goals conceded in a 46 games was a record.[33] Just five of these were conceded at home, another Football League record.[33] This was based upon 30 clean sheets, again a Football League record.[34] Ray King kept 29 of these clean sheets, a record only equalled by Gillingham goalkeeper Jim Stannard in 1995–96.[34] Vale's tally of just three league defeats was a club record. They were undefeated at home all season, continuing a 42 match unbeaten run started on 8 November 1952, that would last until 18 September 1954. Their achievements was built on a settled squad of nineteen players, twelve of which played regularly. They were the first team to play 54 competitive games in a single season.[34]

Results[edit]

Port Vale's score comes first

Win Draw Loss
Round 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46
Ground A H A A H H H A A H H A A H A H A H A H H A A H A A H A H A H A H A H H A H A H H A A H A H
Result W D D W W W W L W W W W D W W W W W D W W D W W W L D L D W D W W D W W D D D W D D D W D D
Position 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Sourced from Statto.[35]

Date Opponent Venue Result Attendance Scorers
19 August 1953 Mansfield Town A 2–1 10,410 Sproson, Hayward
22 August 1953 Barnsley H 0–0 14,223
24 August 1953 Barrow A 0–0 7,783
29 August 1953 Darlington A 3–0 6,278 Griffiths (2), Hayward
31 August 1953 Barrow H 4–0 13,403 Hayward (3), Griffiths
5 September 1953 Hartlepools United H 3–1 20,052 Hayward (2), Griffiths
7 September 1953 Bradford Park Avenue H 2–0 19,270 Leake (2)
12 September 1953 Gateshead A 0–1 11,382
16 September 1953 Bradford Park Avenue A 2–1 10,960 Mullard, Griffiths
19 September 1953 Workington H 2–0 16,627 Griffiths, Leake
21 September 1953 Crewe Alexandra H 1–0 17,482 Sproson
26 September 1953 Scunthorpe & Lindsey United A 2–0 12,630 Hayward, Leake
28 September 1953 Crewe Alexandra A 0–0 17,883
3 October 1953 York City H 5–0 18,778 Hayward (2), Cunliffe, Griffiths, Tomkinson
10 October 1953 Chesterfield A 2–1 15,806 Askey, Griffiths
17 October 1953 Tranmere Rovers H 2–0 19,204 Leake, Hayward
24 October 1953 Halifax Town A 1–0 10,361 Leake
31 October 1953 Carlisle United H 1–0 12,454 Leake
7 November 1953 Accrington Stanley A 2–2 7,895 Cunliffe, Griffiths
14 November 1953 Grimsby Town H 2–0 14,799 Leake (2)
28 November 1953 Rochdale H 6–0 16,841 Griffiths (3), Leake (2), Hayward
5 December 1953 Wrexham A 1–1 14,570 Hayward
19 December 1953 Barnsley A 1–0 11,426 Hayward
25 December 1953 Chester H 1–0 15,322 Hayward
26 December 1953 Chester A 1–0 10,979 Hayward
16 January 1954 Hartlepools United A 1–2 8,554 Griffiths
23 January 1954 Gateshead H 0–0 20,370
6 February 1954 Workington A 0–2 13,714
13 February 1954 Scunthorpe & Lindsey United H 0–0 17,240
24 February 1954 York City A 1–0 7,131 Hayward
27 February 1954 Chesterfield H 2–2 19,886 Griffiths, Cunliffe
6 March 1954 Tranmere Rovers A 3–1 9,946 Hayward (2), Griffiths
15 March 1954 Halifax Town H 2–0 10,533 Askey, Leake
20 March 1954 Carlisle United A 0–0 9,995
30 March 1954 Accrington Stanley H 1–0 9,367 Cunliffe
1 April 1954 Bradford City H 3–0 18,418 Tomkinson (2), Barber
3 April 1954 Grimsby Town A 2–2 9,952 Leake, Cunliffe
5 April 1954 Mansfield Town H 1–1 13,060 Barber
7 April 1954 Bradford City A 1–1 15,240 Askey
10 April 1954 Stockport County H 7–0 19,513 Hayward (3), Askey (2), Cunliffe, Tomkinson
16 April 1954 Southport H 0–0 26,941
17 April 1954 Rochdale A 0–0 14,749
19 April 1954 Southport A 0–0 12,328
24 April 1954 Wrexham H 2–0 18,174 Griffiths, Cunliffe
26 April 1954 Stockport County A 1–1 11,840 Cunliffe
29 April 1954 Darlington H 1–1 11,502 Tomkinson

Final league table[edit]

P W D L F A GA Pts
1 Port Vale 46 26 17 3 74 21 3.524 69
2 Barnsley 46 24 10 12 77 57 1.351 58
3 Scunthorpe & Lindsey United 46 21 15 10 77 56 1.375 57
4 Gateshead 46 21 13 12 74 55 1.345 55
5 Bradford City 46 22 9 15 60 55 1.091 53
6 Chesterfield 46 19 14 13 76 64 1.188 52
7 Mansfield Town 46 20 11 15 88 67 1.313 51
8 Wrexham 46 21 9 16 81 68 1.191 51
9 Bradford Park Avenue 46 18 14 14 77 68 1.132 50
10 Stockport County 46 18 11 17 77 67 1.149 47
11 Southport 46 17 12 17 63 60 1.050 46
12 Barrow 46 16 12 18 72 71 1.014 44
13 Carlisle United 46 14 15 17 83 71 1.169 43
14 Tranmere Rovers 46 18 7 21 59 70 0.843 43
15 Accrington Stanley 46 16 10 20 66 74 0.892 42
16 Crewe Alexandra 46 14 13 19 49 67 0.731 41
17 Grimsby Town 46 16 9 21 51 77 0.662 41
18 Hartlepools United 46 13 14 19 59 65 0.908 40
19 Rochdale 46 15 10 21 59 77 0.766 40
20 Workington 46 13 14 19 59 80 0.738 40
21 Darlington 46 12 14 20 50 71 0.704 38
22 York City 46 12 13 21 64 86 0.744 37
23 Halifax Town 46 12 10 24 44 73 0.603 34
24 Chester 46 11 10 25 48 67 0.716 32

P = Matches played; W = Matches won; D = Matches drawn; L = Matches lost; F = Goals for; A = Goals against; GA = Goal average; Pts = Points

FA Cup[edit]

In the FA Cup, a 3–1 win at Feethams took the Vale past league rivals Darlington in the First Round.[36] Les Robson had put the "Quakers" ahead by half-time after Ray King miss-kicked a clearance, but the Vale controlled the game as soon as Albert Leake scored the equaliser.[37]

In the Second Round Vale drew another league rival in Southport, who battled to a 1–1 draw at Haig Avenue on 12 December, Harry Whitworth's header cancelling out Basil Hayward's opener.[38] The Vale players later admitted they were fortunate to come away with a draw, especially seen as Colin Askey and Albert Leake spent much of the game limping.[38] Two days later Vale recorded a 2–0 win in the replay in what was a tough game.[39]

In the Third Round, Queens Park Rangers of the Third Division South were beaten 1–0 at Loftus Road.[20] The pitch was muddy and the weather was pouring rain in a game that was inevitably poor in quality, settled in the 50th minute by Albert Leake following a long ball played by John Cunliffe.[40]

The Fourth Round held First Division club Cardiff City in snowy conditions at Ninian Park.[41] Vale won 2–0, and their victory was aided by the fact that Cardiff goalkeeper Ron Howells had to leave the pitch after 20 minutes after being knocked out following a collision with defender Derrick Sullivan, leaving his ten-man team to play 70 minutes with defender Alf Sherwood in goal.[42] Vale attacked through the wings to get in numerous crosses to the box, from which Ken Griffiths and Albert Leake scored their goals.[42] Centre-half Tommy Cheadle restricted centre-forward Trevor Ford to a quiet game, and at full-time the pair were full of bruises but still left the pitch with a handshake and a smile.[43] Cardiff placed a £25,000 transfer bid for winger Colin Askey, and after their offer was rejected Cardiff stated they were prepared to pay more than £25,000, but Port Vale refused any negotiations.[20] Other top clubs also made inquiries, but were all turned away.[44]

In the Fifth Round, the "Valiants" faced holders Blackpool, and 42,000 tickets were sold for the clash at Vale Park.[45] The victors of the 'Matthews Final' brought Stanley Matthews and six other internationals to Vale Park, as well a travelling contingent of 10,500.[45] Albert Leake scored two goals on the waterlogged pitch, as his team put 'a dazzling display in attack and defence' and their 'hard-fighting, quick-on-the-ball play smothered Blackpool's intricate approach work'.[45]

In the Sixth Round they faced Third Division South club Leyton Orient at Brisbane Road, as 8,000 Vale fans made up a 31,000 crowd.[45] In the days leading up to the game thieves had stolen 1,200 matchday tickets and police were vigilant to catch out anyone who tried to enter the stadium with these stolen tickets.[46] The only goal of the game came from Leake – who struck the ball into the net after controlling the ball from a Hayward knock-down from an Askey corner – put Vale into the semi-finals, with the team 'delightedly mobbed' by supporters after the finish.[45] Ray King made a name for himself in the dying moments of the game after making a save from a George Poulton shot.[47]

The 25,000 tickets Vale were allotted for the semi-final clash with West Bromwich Albion at Villa Park sold out on the first day.[45] In all 100 coaches and 14 excursion trains took the supporters to Birmingham for the match on 27 March, at which time high-scoring West Brom were top of the First Division – in all 68,221 spectators packed into the stadium.[45] This meant the match secured the club a total of £20,086 in gate receipts.[45] Ken Griffiths was unable to recover from a knee injury in time for the match and so was replaced by Derek Tomkinson, this was the first and only change to the first eleven throughout the cup run.[48] In the match itself, the 'constructive play' of Brom was halted by the Vale defence, and a Leake goal on 40 minutes saw Vale 1–0 up at half-time.[45] The second half saw the "Throstles" switch to a long ball game, and on 62 minutes Cheadle was bustled off the ball and could only watch the equaliser cross the line.[33] Eight minutes later captain Cheadle was judged to have fouled George Lee just inside the penalty box, though the Port Vale players maintained that the challenge took place well outside of the box, and that Lee also handled the ball.[33] Former "Valiant" star Ronnie Allen converted the resulting penalty.[33] Later in the match Leake had an equalising goal disallowed for offside, and Vale therefore failed to be the first third tier club to reach an FA Cup Final.[33]

"West Brom were top of the First Division at the time, but we were playing out of our skins and we should have gone through. We were devastated after the game. I guess it was just fate, it wasn't meant to be – but that doesn't make it any easier to take. They score two dodgy goals and we should have been going to Wembley. Their first goal was a fluke of an own goal which came off the back of Tommy Cheadle's head. Poor Tommy was as deaf as a door post and I was shouting at him to leave it, but he didn't hear me and he slipped and put it in the net ... Also, the penalty was never a penalty; the foul was easily outside the box. Looking at the television replays of the incident, even in grainy black and white, you can see that is obvious. Ronnie Allen, who used to play for Vale, took the penalty. He used to practise them against me in those days, so I knew exactly where was going to hit it, and he knew that I knew. When he stepped up, though, he hammered it right into the corner. I got my fingertips to it, but it was hit too hard and flew into the net – and that was that, we were out."

—Ray King believed that Vale deserved to go through.[49]

Results[edit]

Round Date Opponent Venue Result Attendance Goalscorers
R1 21 November 1953 Darlington A 3–1 10,700 Leake, Hayward, Cunliffe
R2 12 December 1953 Southport A 1–1 12,529 Hayward
R2 Replay 14 December 1953 Southport H 2–0 13,024 Askey, Hayward
R3 9 January 1954 Queens Park Rangers A 1–0 17,474 Leake
R4 30 January 1954 Cardiff City A 2–0 27,295 Griffiths, Leake
R5 20 February 1954 Blackpool H 2–0 42,000 Leake (2)
R6 13 March 1954 Leyton Orient A 1–0 31,000 Leake
Semi-finals 27 March 1954 West Bromwich Albion N 1–2 68,221 Leake

Finances[edit]

On the financial side, a new profit of £2,628 was recorded despite the only transfer activity being a £350 credit.[33] Gate receipts had risen by more than £11,000 to £50,940 thanks to a then club record average attendance of 16,702.[33] No first team players departed in the summer of 1954 due to the club's "no buy, no sell" policy.[33] At the end of the season only four players were released: William Cook, F.Viggars, Alf Jones and Lovatt, whilst A.Wharton was made available on a free transfer.[50] None of these five players would play a game in the Football League. In July 1954 the new stand at Vale Park was completed, providing cover for 4,500 seated and 12,000 standing spectators.[33] The club charged £2.50 for season tickets to the 42,000 (1,010 seated) capacity stadium.[4]

On 29 March 1954, the Vale team played an "All-Star XI" in order to raise money for former Port Vale playing staff who had given long service to the club.[51] The All-Star team was as follows: Frank Swift, Bert Sproston, Andy Beattie, Bill Corkhill, Les McDowall, Joe Mercer, Sammy Crooks, Raich Carter, Freddie Steele, Tim Ward and Peter Doherty; the All-Stars won 2–1 with both goals coming from Steele, making the club's manager the first player to score two goals against the Vale in one match that season.[52]

Player statistics[edit]

Notes
  • Players marked with an asterisk (*) were on national service for all or part of the season.
  • Positions are as follows: GK - goalkeeper, FB - full-back, HB - half-back, FW - forward.

References[edit]

Specific
  1. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 134
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Kent 1990, p. 179
  3. ^ Kent 1990, p. 178
  4. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 36
  5. ^ a b c d Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 37
  6. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 38
  7. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 39
  8. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 54
  9. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 50
  10. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 40
  11. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 42
  12. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 45
  13. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 46
  14. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 47
  15. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 49
  16. ^ a b c Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 51
  17. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 53
  18. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 56
  19. ^ Browning, Richard. "Historic inflation calculator: how the value of money has changed since 1900". Daily Mail. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Kent 1990, p. 180
  21. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 65
  22. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 66
  23. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 67
  24. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 69
  25. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 70
  26. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 79
  27. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 92
  28. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 96
  29. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 103
  30. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 105
  31. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 107
  32. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 121
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Kent 1990, p. 182
  34. ^ a b c Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 131
  35. ^ Port Vale 1953–1954 : Results & Fixtures. Statto Organisation. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  36. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 57
  37. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 58
  38. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 62
  39. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 63
  40. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 68
  41. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 71
  42. ^ a b Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 72
  43. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 73
  44. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 74
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kent 1990, p. 181
  46. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 98
  47. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 99
  48. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 111
  49. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 117
  50. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 139
  51. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 118
  52. ^ Sherwin & Askey 2013, p. 120
General
  • Kent, Jeff (1990), "Fame and Fortune (1950–1959)", The Valiants' Years: The Story Of Port Vale, Witan Books, pp. 171–196, ISBN 0-9508981-4-7 
  • Kent, Jeff (1993). The Port Vale Record 1879–1993. Witan Books. ISBN 0-9508981-9-8. 
  • Sherwin, Phil; Askey, Steve (2013), Men of Steele: The story of Port Vale's stunning 1953/54 season, Pass Publishing, ISBN 978-0-9926579-1-8