1953 Yugoslav Constitution

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The 1953 Yugoslav Constitution was the second constitution of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. It came into effect on January 13, 1953.

This second constitution was adopted at the sixth congress of the Communist Party. It partially separated party and state political functions and granted some civil and political rights to individuals and constituent republics. It further established legal foundations for workers' control over enterprises and expanded local government power. It established Federal People's Assembly with two houses: a Federal Chamber, directly representing the regions, and a Chamber of Producers, representing economic enterprises and worker groups. The executive branch of the federal government (the Federal Executive Council, FEC) included only the five ministries dealing with national affairs and foreign policy. The Communist Party retained exclusive political control, based on the Leninist credo that the state bureaucracy would wither away, and that a multiparty system would only bring more cumbersome bureaucratic institutions.[1]


  1. ^ Glenn E. Curtis. "Breaking with the Soviet Union". Yugoslavia: A country study (Glenn E. Curtis, ed.). Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress of the USA (December 1990).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.