1953 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1953 in the United Kingdom:|
|1951 | 1952 | 1953 | 1954 | 1955|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
- 28 January – Derek Bentley is executed at Wandsworth Prison in London for his part in the murder of PC Sidney Miles.
- 31 January – The car ferry MV Princess Victoria, sailing from Stranraer, Scotland, to Larne, Northern Ireland, sinks in the Irish Sea killing 133 people on board. Among the dead are Northern Ireland Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Major Maynard Sinclair, and Sir Walter Smiles, the Ulster Unionist MP for North Down.
- 31 January/1 February – The North Sea flood of 1953 kills hundreds of people on the east coast of Britain.
- 5 February – The rationing of sweets, introduced during World War II, ends.
- 9 February – Fraserburgh life-boat John and Charles Kennedy capsizes on service: six crew killed.
- 28 February – James D. Watson and Francis Crick announce that they have discovered the structure of the DNA molecule.
- 1 March – Tommy Taylor, 21-year-old centre forward, becomes Britain's most expensive footballer in a £29,999 transfer from Barnsley to Manchester United.
- 16 March – Josip Tito, the Communist leader of Yugoslavia visits the UK, the first Communist leader to do so.
- 24 March
- 31 March – The funeral of Queen Mary takes place at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
- 13 April – Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale.
- 15 April – Britain awards the George Medal to 22-year-old American airman Reis Leming who rescued 27 people in last winter's floods in East Anglia.
- 16 April – The Queen launches the Royal Yacht Britannia at John Brown & Company shipbuilders on the Clyde.
- 24 April – Winston Churchill receives a knighthood from the Queen.
- 25 April – Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish their description of the double helix structure of DNA in the paper Molecular structure of Nucleic Acids.
- 2 May – Blackpool win the FA Cup final with a 4–3 victory over Bolton Wanderers, who had been 3–1 ahead until the final quarter of the game. Stan Mortensen scores a hat-trick, but the 38-year-old winger Stanley Matthews is instrumental in winning the game for Blackpool, who had never won a major trophy before. This is the first final to be televised.
- 2 June – Public holiday
- 6 June – The Epsom Derby is won by Pinza, the only Derby victory for Gordon Richards at his 28th attempt, days after becoming the only jockey to be made a knight. The Queen's horse, Aureole, finishes second.
- 23 June – Prime minister Winston Churchill, 78, suffers a stroke at a dinner for the Italian prime minister Alcide De Gasperi. On 27 June the public are told that he is suffering from fatigue.
- 25 June – John Christie, a 54-year-old London man, is sentenced to death for the murder of his wife Ethel Christie. A total of eight bodies were found at Christie's home, 10 Rillington Place in Notting Hill, including those of the wife and daughter of Timothy Evans who was hanged in 1950 for their murder.
- 26 June – Eskdalemuir enters the UK Weather Records for the highest rainfall in a 30-minute period with 80mm. As of July 2010 this record remains.
- 30 June – First roll-on/roll-off ferry crossing of the English Channel, Dover–Boulogne.
- 15 July – John Christie is hanged at Pentonville Prison, where a crowd of some 200 people stand to wait for the notice of execution to be posted.
- 18 July – The Quatermass Experiment, first of the Quatermass science-fiction serials by Nigel Kneale, begins its run on BBC Television.
- 20 July – The Good Old Days, filmed at the Leeds City Varieties, begins its 30-year run on BBC Television.
- 19 August – The England cricket team under Len Hutton defeat Australia to win The Ashes for the first time in 19 years.
- Autumn – Myxomatosis reaches the UK, first being illegally introduced onto an estate in West Sussex.
- 26 September – End of post-War sugar rationing.
- 6 October – Government sends troops to the colony of British Guiana blaming communists for causing unrest.
- 27 October – Arbroath life-boat Robert Lindsay capsizes on service: six crew killed.
- 2 November – The Samaritans telephone counselling service for the suicidal is started by Rev. Chad Varah in London.
- 11 November – Current affairs series Panorama first airs on BBC Television; it will still be running more than fifty years later.
- 17 November – Italian cargo steamer Vittoria Claudia sinks after collision with French motor vessel Perou in the English Channel, killing 20 Italian sailors.
- 21 November – The Piltdown Man, which was discovered in 1912 and thought to be the fossilised remains of a hitherto unknown form of early human, exposed as a hoax.
- 25 November – England v Hungary football match at Wembley Stadium results in a 6–3 defeat suffered by the England national football team against Hungary, ending a 90-year unbeaten home run against sides from outside the British Isles.
- 26 November – The House of Lords votes in favour of the government's proposals for commercial television.
- 10 December
- Winston Churchill wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values".
- Hans Adolf Krebs wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discovery of the citric acid cycle".
- Pilkington Brothers take out their first patent for the float glass process developed by Alastair Pilkington.
- Michael Ventris deciphers the Minoan language Linear B.
- First Italian espresso coffee bar opens in the UK, The Moka in Frith Street, Soho, London.
- Jazz musician John Dankworth sets up his big band, the Johnny Dankworth Orchestra.
- Laura Ashley sells her first printed fabrics.
- J. C. Bamford of Rocester introduce the backhoe loader.
- E. Gomme introduce the popular G-Plan furniture range.
- House of Fraser take over the Sunderland-based Binns group of department stores.
- Some 25% of British households are now reported to own a television set, 17 years after the first sets became available. Many families buy a set this year to watch the Coronation.
- Agatha Christie's novels After the Funeral (Hercule Poirot) and A Pocket Full of Rye (Miss Marple).
- Gerald Durrell's first book, The Overloaded Ark.
- Lawrence Durrell's book Reflections on a Marine Venus.
- Islwyn Ffowc Elis's Welsh novel Cysgod y Cryman
- Ian Fleming's first James Bond novel, Casino Royale.
- L. P. Hartley's novel The Go-Between.
- C. S. Lewis' novel The Silver Chair.
- Evelyn Waugh's novel Love Among the Ruins. A Romance of the Near Future.
- Geoffrey Willans and Ronald Searle's Molesworth book Down With Skool.
- John Wyndham's novel The Kraken Wakes.
- 17 February – Norman Pace, British actor and comedian
- 26 March – Christopher Fowler, thriller writer
- 11 April – Andrew Wiles, mathematician known for proving Fermat's Last Theorem
- 13 April – Stephen Byers, politician
- 20 April – Sebastian Faulks, English novelist
- 6 May – Tony Blair, Prime Minister
- 15 May – Mike Oldfield, musician
- 19 May – Victoria Wood, British comic actress
- 24 May – Alfred Molina, English actor
- 26 May – Michael Portillo, English politician
- 15 July – John Yorke Denham, politician
- 21 July – David Ervine, leader of the Progressive Unionist Party (died 2007)
- 8 August – Nigel Mansell, racing driver
- 18 August – Patrick Cowdell, English boxer
- 21 October – Peter Mandelson, politician
- 27 October – Peter Firth, British actor
- 7 November – Lucinda Green, equestrian
- 16 November – Griff Rhys Jones, comedian, actor and writer
- 26 November – Hilary Benn, politician
- 28 November – Alistair Darling, politician
- 6 December – Geoff Hoon, politician
- 28 January – Derek Bentley, criminal (born 1933) (hanged)
- 29 January – Sir Norman MacEwen, RAF commander (born 1881)
- 24 March – Queen Mary, consort of King George V, and grandmother of the Queen (born 1867)
- 6 April – Idris Davies, Welsh poet (born 1905)
- 1 June – Alex James, footballer (born 1901)
- 8 October – Kathleen Ferrier, contralto (born 1912)
- 27 October – Thomas Wass, cricketer (born 1873)
- 9 November – Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author (born 1914)
- "Derek Bentley hanged for murder". BBC On This Day. 28 January 1953. Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "130 die in ferry disaster". BBC On This Day. 31 January 1953. Archived from the original on 8 January 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Violent storms claim hundreds of lives". BBC On This Day. 1 February 1953. Archived from the original on 27 December 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Sweet rationing ends in Britain". BBC On This Day. 5 February 1953. Archived from the original on 25 December 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Marshal Tito makes historic visit to London". BBC On This Day. 16 March 1953. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Queen Mary dies peacefully after illness". BBC On This Day. 24 March 1953. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Queen Mary laid to rest in Windsor". BBC On This Day. 31 March 1953. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "The Lost Decade Timeline, BBC". Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Britain honours American hero". BBC On This Day. 15 April 1953. Retrieved 2 July 2009.
- "Queen launches Royal Yacht Britannia". BBC On This Day. 16 April 1953. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- Watson, J. D.; Crick, F. H. C. (1953). "Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid". Nature 171 (4356): 737–738. Bibcode:1953Natur.171..737W. doi:10.1038/171737a0. PMID 13054692. Retrieved 30 March 2007.
- "Scientists describe 'secret of life'". BBC On This Day. 25 April 1953. Archived from the original on 22 December 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- http://www.fa-cupfinals.co.uk/1953.htm[dead link]
- Marr, Andrew (2007). A History of Modern Britain. London: Macmillan. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-4050-0538-8.
- "Queen Elizabeth takes coronation oath". BBC On This Day. 2 June 1953. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- Venables, Stephen (2003). To the top: the story of Everest. London: Walker Books. p. 63. ISBN 0-7445-8662-3.
- Gallagher, Brendan (4 June 2011). "1953: A golden year for sport". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- Seldon, Anthony. "Winston Churchill's Indian Summer". The British Empire. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Kynaston, David (2009). Family Britain, 1951–57. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-8385-1.
- "Christie to hang for wife's murder". BBC On This Day. 25 June 1953. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Dinard – Viking". Simplon Postcards: The Passenger Ship Website. 2005. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 406–407. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Britain sends troops to Guiana". BBC On This Day. 6 October 1953. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "Twenty die in Channel collision". BBC On This Day. 17 November 1953. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- Hungary vs England 5:3 at Wembley Stadium London
- "Lords vote for commercial television". BBC On This Day. 26 November 1953. Archived from the original on 28 November 2007. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1953". Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1953". Retrieved 10 January 2008.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- 1953…. "The Coming of the Cafes". Classic Cafes. 1999–2008. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Johnny Dankworth discography". 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Baren, Maurice (1996). How It All Began Up the High Street. London: Michael O'Mara Books. pp. 82–3. ISBN 1-85479-667-4.
- Hyman, Basil; Braggs, Steven. The G-Plan Revolution: a celebration of British Popular Furniture of the 1950s and 1960s. ISBN 1-86154-310-7.
- "House of Fraser archive project". Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- Lambert, Tim. "Britain Since 1948". Retrieved 3 April 2013.