1954 Series (banknotes)
The 1954 Series was the third series of banknotes of the Canadian dollar issued by the Bank of Canada. The banknotes were designed in 1952 following the accession of Elizabeth II to the throne after the death of her father George VI. The banknote designs differed significantly from the preceding 1937 Series banknotes, though the denomination colours and bilingual printing were retained. The design changes were made to portray themes more typical of Canada and were described as "a little less pro-British" by the Halifax Chronicle-Herald.
The banknote series became known as the "Devil's Head" series, leading to design modifications for all denominations. The second variant of the series was issued in 1956.
The banknotes all featured a portrait of Elizabeth II placed on the right side of the obverse, the first series to carry the portrait of Elizabeth as queen. This differed from earlier banknote series that had an oval-framed portrait in the centre of the banknote which was more susceptible to wearing as it occurred at the crease point for a folded banknote. The design of the hair behind the ear "gave the illusion of a grinning demon", leading to the banknote series nickname "Devil's Head". The image was based on a photograph taken by Yousuf Karsh.
In 1953, the Bank of Canada announced that the allegorical designs of the 1937 Series would be replaced with images of Canadian landscapes. The images were chosen from a set of thousands of photographs. The banknotes used colours similar to those of the same denomination in the 1937 Series. This was the first series to include the Canadian coat of arms, which appeared centrally in the background of the obverse. The banknotes were marked with English text to the left of the French text. The less ornate design and arrangement of elements was said to improve the legibility of the banknotes.
The new notes were introduced by Graham Towers, the Governor of the Bank of Canada, to the Parliamentary Press Gallery in June 1954, and entered circulation that September. In advertisements that ran in Canadian newspapers in September 1954, the Bank of Canada stated that design and use of two colours on the obverse were security features to deter counterfeiting.
In 1956, the Bank of Canada requested the Canadian Bank Note Company and BA International to modify the offset lithographic plates for all banknote denominations, darkening the highlights of the hair behind the ear. Banknotes printed using the new plates were issued later that year.
All banknotes in the series measure 152.4 by 69.85 millimetres (6.000 by 2.750 in), which are the same length as the 1937 Series banknotes but ⅛ inch narrower. This change made the banknotes closer in size to the Federal Reserve Notes issued in the United States. The banknotes were printed on dry paper instead of using the wet paper printing process of earlier series.
|Image||Value||Main Colour||Description||Date of|
|||||$1||Green||Elizabeth II||Saskatchewan prairie||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$1||Green||Elizabeth II||Original Parliament Buildings||1967||3 January 1967|
|||||$2||Terra cotta||Elizabeth II||A country scene, Richmond, Quebec||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$5||Blue||Elizabeth II||Otter Falls, (Aishihik River), Yukon||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$10||Purple||Elizabeth II||Mount Burgess, British Columbia||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$20||Olive Green||Elizabeth II||Winter landscape, Laurentian Mountains, Quebec||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$50||Orange||Elizabeth II||Lockeport Beach, Nova Scotia||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$100||Brown||Elizabeth II||Okanagan Lake, Munson Mountain, British Columbia||1954||9 September 1954|
|||||$1000||Rose Pink||Elizabeth II||L'Anse-Saint-Jean, Quebec||1954||9 September 1954|
|These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre.|
Centennial $1 banknote
On 3 January 1967, a $1 note commemorating the centennial of Canadian Confederation was introduced into circulation. The image on the reverse of this version shows the original Parliament Buildings, and the obverse includes a green monochrome adaptation of the stylised maple leaf Centennial logo marked with the years 1867 and 1967. Two variants of the design were printed; the first had the serial number at the top of the obverse, whereas the second and more common variant had the years 1867 and 1967 printed twice flanking the apex of the coat of arms.
- Cross, W.K., ed. (1997). The Charlton Standard Catalogue of Canadian Government Paper Money (10th ed.). Toronto: The Charlton Press. ISBN 0889681902.
- "Canadian scenes to be portrayed for banknotes". Montreal Gazette. 22 April 1953.
- "Commemorative notes". Bank of Canada. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Canada's new bank notes". Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph. 9 September 1954.
- "1954 Series". Bank Note Series, 1935 to present. Bank of Canada (archived at Collections Canada). Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "Canada's new bills". Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph. Halifax Chronicle-Herald. 10 September 1954.
- "Canada issues new bank notes". Shawinigan Standard. 2 June 1954.