1954 in Ireland
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- 1 January - 1954 is the first Marian year. There are many events and devotions to Our Lady and shrines and statues are erected in public places.
- 11 January - The Irish Council of the European Movement is formed in Dublin.
- 19 January - The government announces that the new Cork Airport will be built at Ballygarvan, four miles south of the city.
- 19 February - Captain Henry Harrison, the last surviving member of the party led by Charles Stewart Parnell, dies aged 87.
- 20 April - Michael Manning, aged 25, is executed in Mountjoy Prison. He is the last person to be judicially executed in the State.
- 5 May - At its headquarters in Kingsbridge, CIÉ signs a £4.75 million contract to replace its steam locomotives with diesels.
- 16 May - 30,000 march through Dublin in a huge Marian year procession, the city's greatest display of Catholic faith since the International Eucharistic Congress of 1932.
- 18 May - Fianna Fáil lose four seats in the general election. The second inter-party government under John A. Costello comes to power.
- 12 June - An Irish Republican Army unit carries out a successful arms raid on Gough barracks in Armagh signalling the renewal of IRA activity following a long hiatus.
- 28 June - Alfie Byrne is elected Lord Mayor of Dublin for the tenth time.
- 5 July - Dublin Corporation decides that Nelson's Pillar on O'Connell Street will not be removed.
- 5–27 September people die when KLM Flight 633 crashes two minutes after leaving Shannon Airport.
- 8 September - Marian College (Dublin) opened for the first time.
- 16 October - A marble plaque is unveiled at Westland Row, Dublin, to mark the centenary of the birth of Oscar Wilde.
Arts and literature 
- 16 June - The first public celebration of "Bloomsday" takes place in Dublin. Writers Flann O'Brien, Patrick Kavanagh and Anthony Cronin travel in a horse drawn coach stopping at numerous pubs to retrace the steps of the characters from James Joyce's novel Ulysses.
- 19 November - Brendan Behan's first play, The Quare Fellow, premières at the Pike Theatre, Dublin, to great reviews.
- First Cork International Choral and Folk Dance Festival.
- English-born painter Derek Hill settles at St Columb's Rectory, near Churchill, County Donegal.
- Publication of Christy Brown's autobiography My Left Foot.
- Publication of Iris Murdoch's first novel, Under the Net.
- Winners: Shamrock Rovers
January to June 
- 3 January - Fintan Cullen, art historian and writer.
- 10 January - Bairbre de Brún, Sinn Féin MEP and first Sinn Féin politician to represent Northern Ireland in the European Parliament.
- 15 April - Michael Willis, First And Only Official IRA Member To Escape From The Crumlin Road Prison
- 29 April - Gavan O'Herlihy, actor.
- April - Róisín Shortall, Labour Party TD for Dublin North–West.
- 8 March - Dermot Keely, soccer player and manager.
- 30 April - Gerry Daly, soccer player.
- 13 May - Johnny Logan, singer and songwriter.
- 25 May - Daragh O'Malley, actor.
- 6 June - Tim O'Reilly, computer software promoter.
July to December 
- 6 July - Tim Kennelly, former Gaelic footballer with Kerry (died 2005).
- 11 July - Liam Thomas Quinn, priest and teacher.
- 23 July - Arthur Morgan, former Provisional Irish Republican Army prisoner, Sinn Féin TD for Louth.
- 28 July - Mikey Sheehy, former Kerry Gaelic footballer.
- 22 August - Jimmy Barry-Murphy, hurler and footballer with Cork.
- 8 September - Áine Brady, Fianna Fáil TD for Kildare North.
- 8 October - Tony Ward, former international rugby player and sports journalist.
- 16 October - Noel Slevin, journalist.
- 2 November - Martin Cullen, Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála representing Waterford and Cabinet Minister.
- 11 December - Noel Lane, Galway hurler and manager.
- 17 December - Síle de Valera, Fianna Fáil TD representing Clare, Minister and MEP.
Full date unknown 
- December - John Fenton, Cork hurler.
- George Birmingham, former Fine Gael politician.
- Brian Cody, former Kilkenny hurler, manager.
- Pat Delaney, Offaly hurler.
- Catherine Dunne, author.
- Ger Fennelly, former Kilkenny hurler.
- Billy Fitzpatrick, former Kilkenny hurler.
- Paddy Glackin, fiddle player.
- Ger Henderson, former Kilkenny hurler.
- Sean O'Callaghan, former Provisional Irish Republican Army member and Garda Síochána informer.
- Harry O'Donoghue, musician and songwriter.
- Bertie Óg Murphy, Cork hurler and manager.
- Francis Martin O'Donnell, United Nations official.
- Eugene Sheehy, Group Chief Executive of Allied Irish Bank Plc.
- 20 April - Michael Manning, carter, convicted of murder and hanged, last person executed in the Republic of Ireland.
- 1 May - James Macmahon, civil servant and businessman, Under-Secretary for Ireland from 1918 to 1922 (born 1865).
- 20 May - Roger Sweetman, barrister-at-law, member of 1st Dáil representing North Wexford .
- 8 July - George Gardiner, boxer (born 1877).
- 16 September - James Douglas, member of the 1922 Seanad.
- 21 October - Thomas V. Honan, merchant, Fianna Fáil member of the Seanad.
Full date unknown 
- Elinor Darwin, engraver and painter (born 1871).