1954 in science

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The year 1954 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Astronomy[edit]

  • November 30 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, an 8.5 pound sulfide meteorite crashes through a roof and hits Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges in her living room after bouncing off her radio, giving her a bad bruise; the first known modern case of a human being hit by a space rock.

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Computer science[edit]

Geology[edit]

History of science[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Metrology[edit]

Nuclear Physics[edit]

Physics[edit]

Psychology[edit]

Technology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dement'yev and Rustamov (1985). The Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat: Turkmenistan Publishing House. 
  2. ^ Arnon, Daniel I.; Allen, Mary B.; Whatley, F. R. (1954). "Photosynthesis by Isolated Chloroplasts". Nature 174 (4426): 394–6. Bibcode:1954Natur.174..394A. doi:10.1038/174394a0. 
  3. ^ Laurence, William L. (December 30, 1954). "Sun is Harnessed to Create Food: Science Team on the Coast Duplicates Photosynthesis Outside Plants' Cells". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  4. ^ de Waal, Frans B. M., ed. (2002). Tree of Origin: What Primate Behavior Can Tell Us About Human Social Evolution. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-674-00460-4. 
  5. ^ Brink, Clara; Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot; Lindsey, June; Pickworth, Jenny; Robertson, John H.; White, John G. (December 25, 1954). "X-ray Crystallographic Evidence on the Structure of Vitamin B12". Nature 174 (4443): 1169–117. Bibcode:1954Natur.174.1169B. doi:10.1038/1741169a0. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  6. ^ Glusker, Jenny P. (1994). "Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910–1994)". Protein Science 3: 2465–2469. doi:10.1002/pro.5560031233. PMC 2142778. PMID 7757003. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Benstonite". Mindat. Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  8. ^ "Donor Of First Successful Organ Transplant Dies 56 Years Later". The Huffington Post. December 29, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
  9. ^ Stämpfli, R. (1954). "A new method for measuring membrane potentials with external electrodes". Experientia 10 (12): 508–509. doi:10.1007/BF02166189. PMID 14353097. 
  10. ^ Akert, K. (August 1996). Swiss Contributions to the Neurosciences in Four Hundred Years: From the Renaissance to the Present. Verlag der Fachvereine Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zurich. ISBN 978-3728123626. 
  11. ^ "1954: foundations for European science". CERN. 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  12. ^ Hopkins, H. H.; Kapany, N. S. (1954). "A flexible fibrescope, using static scanning". Nature 173 (4392): 39. Bibcode:1954Natur.173...39H. doi:10.1038/173039b0. 
  13. ^ "Nuclear Power in Russia". World Nuclear Association. December 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011. 
  14. ^ U.S. patent 2,682,235
  15. ^ "Sir William Hamilton OBE". HamiltonJet. 2007. Retrieved 2012-11-12.