1954 in spaceflight

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1954 in spaceflight
Viking-10.jpg
Viking 10 was launched in May
National firsts
Spaceflight  France

This is a list of spaceflight related events which occurred in 1954.


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

February[edit]

2 February
18:35
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSunfollower NRL Suborbital Solar 2 February Successful
Apogee: 101 kilometres (63 mi)
20 February FranceVéronique-NA FranceHammaguira Bechar FranceLRBA
LRBA Suborbital Test flight 20 February Launch failure
Apogee: 29 kilometres (18 mi)
21 February FranceVéronique-NA FranceHammaguira Bechar FranceLRBA
LRBA Suborbital Test flight 21 February Successful
Apogee: 135 kilometres (84 mi), first French spaceflight

March[edit]

11 March GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 11 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 March GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 16 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 March GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 16 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 March GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 20 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

April[edit]

9 April
21:12
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Spectrometry 9 April Successful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
10 April
09:00
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10 United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Spectrometry 10 April Launch failure
Apogee: 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
20 April Soviet UnionR-11 Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 20 April Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
23 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 23 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 24 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 26 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 April GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 29 April Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

May[edit]

3 May GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 3 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 May GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 4 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 May GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 4 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 May
17:00
United StatesViking United StatesWhite Sands NLA-1 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesViking 10 NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
7 May Successful
Apogee: 219 kilometres (136 mi)
7 May GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 7 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 May Soviet UnionR-11 Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 13 May Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
21 May GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 21 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 May
17:00
United StatesViking United StatesWhite Sands NLA-1 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesViking 11 NRL Suborbital REV test 24 May Successful
Apogee: 254 kilometres (158 mi)
26 May
14:24
GermanySoviet UnionA-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric 26 May Successful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi), maiden flight of A-1
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May Soviet UnionR-11 Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

June[edit]

11 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 11 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 12 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 June GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 14 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 June
13:24
GermanySoviet UnionR-1D Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital 26 June Successful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi), maiden flight of R-1D
June GermanySoviet UnionR-2 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

July[edit]

2 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1D Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital 2 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 July GermanySoviet UnionR-1D Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital 7 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 July
12:13
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-1 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSUI-24 SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
16 July Launch failure
Apogee: 90 kilometres (56 mi)
21 July
20:49
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-5 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSUI-29 SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
21 July Launch failure
Apogee: 40 kilometres (25 mi)
23 July
19:37
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-7 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSUI-32 SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
23 July Launch failure
Apogee: 23 kilometres (14 mi)
26 July
00:29
United StatesDeacon Rockoon United StatesUSCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-18 United StatesUS Navy
United StatesNRL-11 NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
26 July Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)

August[edit]

2 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 2 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 August Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 12 August Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
27 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 27 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 August GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 27 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
August Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

September[edit]

26 September Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 26 September Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
September Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

October[edit]

5 October
18:15
United StatesAerobee RTV-N-10b United StatesWhite Sands LC-35 United StatesUS Navy
NRL Suborbital Remote sensing 5 October Successful
Returned first images of a complete hurricane from 161 kilometres (100 mi) altitude[1][2]
14 October
21:20
United StatesNike-Nike-T40-T55 United StatesWallops Island United StatesNACA
NACA Suborbital Hypersonic research 14 October Successful
Apogee: 352 kilometres (219 mi)
20 October Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
October Soviet UnionR-11FM Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

November[edit]

30 November GermanySoviet UnionR-1 Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 30 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
November Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
November Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
November Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

December[edit]

December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December Soviet UnionR-5 Pobeda Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
Soviet UnionLKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December Soviet UnionR-11 Zemlya Soviet UnionKapustin Yar Soviet UnionOKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]