1955–56 NBA season
|League||National Basketball Association|
|Number of teams||8|
|Season MVP||Bob Pettit (St. Louis)|
|Top scorer||Bob Pettit (St. Louis)|
|Eastern champions||Philadelphia Warriors|
|Eastern runners-up||Syracuse Nationals|
|Western champions||Ft. Wayne Pistons|
|Western runners-up||St. Louis Hawks|
|Finals champions||Philadelphia Warriors|
|Runners-up||Ft. Wayne Pistons|
The 1955–56 NBA season was the tenth season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the Philadelphia Warriors winning the NBA Championship, beating the Fort Wayne Pistons 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals.
- The Hawks relocate from Milwaukee, Wisconsin to St. Louis, Missouri.
- The NBA hands out a Most Valuable Player award for the first time...its inaugural recipient being Bob Pettit of the St. Louis Hawks.
- The 1956 NBA All-Star Game was played in Rochester, New York, with the West beating the East 108–94. Bob Pettit of the St. Louis Hawks wins the game's MVP award.
|New York Knicks||35||37||.486||10||13-15||16-13||6-9||17-19|
- Syracuse finished ahead of New York by defeating them in a tiebreaker match.
|x-Fort Wayne Pistons||37||35||.514||-||19-7||10-17||8-11||19-17|
|x-St. Louis Hawks||33||39||.458||4||15-11||11-17||7-11||18-18|
- Minneapolis finished ahead of St. Louis by defeating them in a tiebreaker match.
x - clinched playoff spot
|Points||Bob Pettit||St. Louis Hawks||1,849|
|Rebounds||Bob Pettit||St. Louis Hawks||1,164|
|Assists||Bob Cousy||Boston Celtics||642|
|FG%||Neil Johnston||Philadelphia Warriors||45.7|
|FT%||Bill Sharman||Boston Celtics||86.7|
Note: Prior to the 1969–70 season, league leaders in points, rebounds, and assists were determined by totals rather than averages.
- Most Valuable Player: Bob Pettit, St. Louis Hawks
- Rookie of the Year: Maurice Stokes, Rochester Royals
- 1955-56 NBA Season Summary basketball-reference.com. Retrieved December 10, 2010