1955 Tour de France
|Dates||7–30 July 1955|
|Distance||4,495 km (2,793 mi)|
|Winning time||130h 29' 26" (34.446 km/h or 21.404 mph)|
|Winner||Louison Bobet (France)||(France)|
|Second||Jean Brankart (Belgium)||(Belgium)|
|Third||Charly Gaul (Luxembourg)||(Luxembourg/Mixed)|
|Points||Stan Ockers (Belgium)||(Belgium)|
|Mountains||Charly Gaul (Luxembourg)||(Luxembourg/Mixed)|
The 1955 Tour de France was the 42nd Tour de France, taking place from 7 to 30 July 1955. It consisted of 22 stages over 4495 km, ridden at an average speed of 34.446 km/h.
The race was won by Louison Bobet, the last of his three consecutive wins.
Changes from the 1954 Tour de France
Also new was the use of the photo finish.
As was the custom since the 1930 Tour de France, the 1955 Tour de France was contested by national and regional teams. Eight national teams were sent, with 10 cyclists each from France, Belgium, Spain, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Italy, Switzerland, and a mixed team consisting of Luxembourgian, Austrian, German and Australian cyclists. France additionally sent five regional teams from 10 cyclists each, divided into Center-North East France, West France, South East France, Île-de-France and South West France.  In total, 120 cyclists started the race. The mixed team included cyclists from West-Germany, which was the first time since the Second World War that German cyclists were allowed to ride the Tour. The Great Britain team was the first British team in Tour history. Louison Bobet, the winner of the 1953 Tour de France and the 1954 Tour de France, had done an aggressive preparation in the early season before the Tour de France, aiming for his third victory. Bobet was the main favourite, also because he was the world champion.
The first part of the first stage was won by Miguel Poblet, who became the first Spanish cyclist to wear the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification. The second and third stage saw small groups escaping from the peloton. In both stages, Wout Wagtmans and Antonin Rolland, one of Bobet's team mates, were present. Wagtmans became leader of the general classification, with Rolland in second place.
The first attack that was important for the general classification was in the fourth stage. Rolland was part of a group of nine cyclist, that finished seven minutes before the rest. Rolland was the best-placed cyclist of those nine, and took the lead.
In the seventh stage, Rolland briefly lost that lead, because a group including Wim van Est escaped and took more than seventeen minutes, which was just enough for Van Est to take over the lead. Van Est was sure to lose it in the next stage, which included high mountains.
In that eighth stage, Charly Gaul attacked early in the stage. Gaul was more than 23 minutes behind in the general classification, but got over the mountains quickly and won with 13 minutes, which put him in third place. In the ninth stage, Gaul tried to do the same again, and got over the first three mountains alone. But because of a crash on the second mountain he lost time, and did not win the stage; instead he even lost a few minutes. During the eleventh stage, French cyclist Jean Malléjac collapsed and remained unconscious for 15 minutes. The Tour doctor who helped recognized that Malléjac's symptoms were the same as after taking too much amphetamine, and told the team doctors to be more careful with doping. In that stage, Bobet got away on the Mont Ventoux and nobody was able to follow him. He reached the top alone, and from there descended to the finish, 6 minutes ahead of Rolland, who was still the race leader. Bobet jumped to the second place in the general classification.
The next challenge for the general classification were the Pyrénees mountains. In stage 17, Gaul made the pace, and most cyclists could not follow. Bobet could hold on for a long time, but at the finish lost 84 seconds to Gaul. Because Rolland lost more than seven minutes later, Rolland took the lead.
In the eighteenth stage, it was again Gaul who attacked. This time, a small group including Bobet could follow him all the way. Rolland finished two minutes later, but was still in second place in the general classification. The time trial in the 21st stage was won by Jean Brankart, who jumped to second place in the general classification. Rolland lost more than nine minutes, and dropped to the fifth place in the general classification.
Bobet remained the leader, and his lead was not challenged in the last stage. Bobet became the first person in the Tour de France to win three Tours in a row.
|1a||7 July||Le Havre – Dieppe||Plain stage||102 km (63 mi)||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
|1b||Dieppe – Dieppe||Team time trial||12.5 km (8 mi)||Netherlands|
|2||8 July||Dieppe – Roubaix||Plain stage||204 km (127 mi)||Antonin Rolland (FRA)|
|3||9 July||Roubaix – Namur||Plain stage||210 km (130 mi)||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|4||10 July||Namur – Metz||Plain stage||225 km (140 mi)||Willy Kemp (LUX)|
|5||11 July||Metz – Colmar||Plain stage||229 km (142 mi)||Roger Hassenforder (FRA)|
|6||12 July||Colmar – Zürich||Plain stage||195 km (121 mi)||André Darrigade (FRA)|
|7||13 July||Zürich – Thonon-les-Bains||Plain stage||267 km (166 mi)||Jos Hinsen (NED)|
|8||14 July||Thonon-les-Bains – Briançon||Stage with mountain(s)||253 km (157 mi)||Charly Gaul (LUX)|
|9||15 July||Briançon – Monaco||Stage with mountain(s)||275 km (171 mi)||Raphaël Géminiani (FRA)|
|10||16 July||Monaco – Marseille||Plain stage||240 km (149 mi)||Lucien Lazaridès (FRA)|
|11||18 July||Marseille – Avignon||Stage with mountain(s)||198 km (123 mi)||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|12||19 July||Avignon – Millau||Stage with mountain(s)||240 km (149 mi)||Alessandro Fantini (ITA)|
|13||20 July||Millau – Albi||Plain stage||205 km (127 mi)||Daan de Groot (NED)|
|14||21 July||Albi – Narbonne||Stage with mountain(s)||156 km (97 mi)||Louis Caput (FRA)|
|15||22 July||Narbonne – Ax-les-Thermes||Plain stage||151 km (94 mi)||Luciano Pezzi (ITA)|
|16||24 July||Ax-les-Thermes – Toulouse||Plain stage||123 km (76 mi)||Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL)|
|17||25 July||Toulouse – Saint-Gaudens||Stage with mountain(s)||250 km (155 mi)||Charly Gaul (LUX)|
|18||26 July||Saint-Gaudens – Pau||Stage with mountain(s)||205 km (127 mi)||Jean Brankart (BEL)|
|19||27 July||Pau – Bordeaux||Plain stage||195 km (121 mi)||Wout Wagtmans (NED)|
|20||28 July||Bordeaux – Poitiers||Plain stage||243 km (151 mi)||Jean Forestier (FRA)|
|21||29 July||Châtellerault – Tours||Individual time trial||68.6 km (43 mi)||Jean Brankart (BEL)|
|22||30 July||Tours – Paris||Plain stage||229 km (142 mi)||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
||Mountains classification||Team classification|
|1A||Miguel Poblet (ESP)||Miguel Poblet (ESP)||no award||Île-de-France|
|1B||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||Italy|
|2||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||Île-de-France|
|4||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||France|
|5||Vincent Vitetta (FRA)|
|7||Wim van Est (NED)|
|8||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||Charly Gaul (LUX)|
|9||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
|10||Wout Wagtmans (NED)|
|13||Wim van Est (NED)|
|15||Stan Ockers (BEL)|
|17||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|Final||Louison Bobet (FRA)||Stan Ockers (BEL)||Charly Gaul (LUX)||France|
The time that each cyclist required to finish each stage was recorded, and these times were added together for the general classification. If a cyclist had received a time bonus, it was subtracted from this total; all time penalties were added to this total. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.
|1||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||130h 29' 26"|
|2||Jean Brankart (BEL)||Belgium||+4' 53"|
|3||Charly Gaul (LUX)||Luxembourg/Mixed||+11' 30"|
|4||Pasquale Fornara (ITA)||Italy||+12' 44"|
|5||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||France||+13' 18"|
|6||Raphaël Géminiani (FRA)||France||+15' 01"|
|7||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Italy||+18' 13"|
|8||Stan Ockers (BEL)||Belgium||+27' 13"|
|9||Alex Close (BEL)||Belgium||+31' 10"|
|10||François Mahé (FRA)||France||+36' 27"|
|Final general classification (11–69)|
|11||Maurice Quentin (FRA)||West France||+36' 52"|
|12||Agostino Coletto (ITA)||Italy||+39' 14"|
|13||Raymond Impanis (BEL)||Belgium||+46' 03"|
|14||Jean Bobet (FRA)||France||+1h 00' 05"|
|15||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 04' 50"|
|16||Vincent Vitetta (FRA)||South East France||+1h 05' 18"|
|17||Alfred De Bruyne (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 05' 29"|
|18||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||North East/Center France||+1h 09' 58"|
|19||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 10' 16"|
|20||Jesús Loroño (ESP)||Spain||+1h 19' 25"|
|21||Jan Nolten (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 21' 45"|
|22||Bernardo Ruiz (ESP)||Spain||+1h 25' 48"|
|23||Bruno Monti (ITA)||Italy||+1h 36' 21"|
|24||Claude Colette (FRA)||West France||+1h 40' 01"|
|25||Alessandro Fantini (ITA)||Italy||+1h 44' 45"|
|26||Miguel Poblet (ESP)||Spain||+1h 45' 30"|
|27||Hein van Breenen (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 49' 49"|
|28||Jan Adriaensens (BEL)||Belgium||+1h 57' 09"|
|29||Brian Robinson (GBR)||Great-Britain||+1h 57' 10"|
|30||Pietro Giudici (ITA)||Italy||+1h 58' 18"|
|31||Raymond Hoorelbeke (FRA)||Île-de-France||+2h 00' 46"|
|32||Jean Forestier (FRA)||France||+2h 09' 20"|
|33||Ugo Anzile (FRA)||North East/Center France||+2h 10' 40"|
|34||Luciano Pezzi (ITA)||Italy||+2h 13' 30"|
|35||Jean Stablinski (FRA)||North East/Center France||+2h 23' 47"|
|36||Daan de Groot (NED)||Netherlands||+2h 24' 58"|
|37||Günther Pankoke (GER)||Luxembourg/Mixed||+2h 28' 15"|
|38||Jean Dacquay (FRA)||Île-de-France||+2h 28' 43"|
|39||Apo Lazaridès (FRA)||South East France||+2h 30' 52"|
|40||Danilo Barozzi (ITA)||Italy||+2h 31' 36"|
|41||Jos Hinsen (NED)||Netherlands||+2h 31' 16"|
|42||Rino Benedetti (ITA)||Italy||+2h 36' 25"|
|43||Georges Gay (FRA)||South West France||+2h 36' 33"|
|44||Francis Siguenza (FRA)||Île-de-France||+2h 38' 46"|
|45||Lucien Teisseire (FRA)||South East France||+2h 41' 07"|
|46||Bernard Gauthier (FRA)||France||+2h 52' 43"|
|47||Jean-Marie Cieleska (FRA)||North East/Center France||+2h 54' 29"|
|48||Hans Hollenstein (SUI)||Switzerland||+2h 55' 39"|
|49||André Darrigade (FRA)||France||+2h 57' 33"|
|50||Kurt Schneider (AUT)||Luxembourg/Mixed||+3h 02' 51"|
|51||Roger Buchonnet (FRA)||North East/Center France||+3h 03' 06"|
|52||Philippe Agut (FRA)||South West France||+3h 05' 57"|
|53||Jacky Bovay (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 07' 41"|
|54||Louis Caput (FRA)||Île-de-France||+3h 07' 54"|
|55||Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL)||Belgium||+3h 10' 51"|
|56||Nicolas Barone (FRA)||Île-de-France||+3h 12' 24"|
|57||Gabriel Company (ESP)||Spain||+3h 18' 34"|
|58||Lucien Lazaridès (FRA)||South East France||+3h 22' 29"|
|59||René Genin (FRA)||South East France||+3h 39' 07"|
|60||Willy Kemp (LUX)||Luxembourg/Mixed||+3h 49' 23"|
|61||Max Schellenberg (SUI)||Switzerland||+3h 54' 11"|
|62||Pierre Ruby (FRA)||West France||+4h 02' 52"|
|63||Max Cohen (FRA)||North East/Center France||+4h 05' 40"|
|64||Russell Mockridge (AUS)||Luxembourg/Mixed||+4h 14' 46"|
|65||José Mateo (ESP)||Spain||+4h 26' 34"|
|66||Armand Di Caro (FRA)||South East France||+4h 32' 23"|
|67||Ernst Rudolf (SUI)||Switzerland||+4h 34' 05"|
|68||Henri Sitek (FRA)||West France||+5h 06' 56"|
|69||Tony Hoar (GBR)||Great-Britain||+6h 06' 01"|
The points classification was calculated in the same way as in 1954, following the calculation method from the Tours de France from 1905 to 1912. Points were given according to the ranking of the stage: the winner received one points, the next cyclist two points, and so on. These points were added, and the cyclist with the least points was the leader of the points classification. In 1955, this was won by Stan Ockers.
|1||Stan Ockers (BEL)||Belgium||322|
|2||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||Netherlands||399|
|3||Miguel Poblet (ESP)||Spain||409|
|4||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||415|
|5||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||North East/Center France||483|
|6||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||France||503|
|7||Alfred De Bruyne (BEL)||Belgium||563|
|8||Alessandro Fantini (ITA)||Italy||573.5|
|9||Bruno Monti (ITA)||Italy||638.5|
|10||Raymond Impanis (BEL)||Belgium||652.5|
Points for the mountains classification were earned by reaching the mountain tops first. The system was almost the same as in 1954: there were two types of mountain tops: the hardest ones, in category 1, gave 10 points to the first cyclist, the easier ones, in category 2, gave 6 points to the first cyclist, and the easiest ones, in category 3, gave 3 points. Charly Gaul won this classification.
|1||Charly Gaul (LUX)||Luxembourg/Mixed||84|
|2||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||70|
|3||Jean Brankart (BEL)||Belgium||44|
|4||Antonio Gelabert (ESP)||Spain||31|
|5||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Italy||30|
|6||Jesús Loroño (ESP)||Spain||28|
|7||Jan Nolten (NED)||Netherlands||24|
|7||Pasquale Fornara (ITA)||Italy||24|
|9||Raphaël Géminiani (FRA)||France||23|
|10||Gilbert Scodeller (FRA)||North East/Center France||18|
The team classification was calculated as the sum of the daily team classifications, and the daily team classification was calculated by adding the times in the stage result of the best three cyclists per team. It was won by the French team.
|1||France||389h 10' 14"|
|3||Belgium||+1h 54' 07"|
|4||Netherlands||+3h 11' 42"|
|5||North East/Center France||+3h 46' 48"|
|6||Spain||+4h 35' 38"|
|7||South East France||+5h 57' 07"|
|8||West France||+6h 06' 55"|
|9||Switzerland||+6h 45' 13"|
|10||Luxembourg/Mixed||+6h 49' 08"|
|11||Île-de-France||+7h 09' 08"|
The British team and the regional South West France team finished with only two cyclists, so they were not eligible for the team classification.
|1||Charly Gaul (LUX)||Luxembourg/Mixed||256|
|2||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||220|
|3||Roger Hassenforder (FRA)||North East/Center France||114|
|4||Jean Brankart (BEL)||Belgium||112|
|5||Jean Stablinski (FRA)||North East/Center France||107|
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