1955 in Australia
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|1955 in Australia|
|Prime minister||Robert Menzies|
|Elections||Federal, TAS, VIC|
- Premier of New South Wales – Joseph Cahill
- Premier of Queensland – Vince Gair
- Premier of South Australia – Thomas Playford IV
- Premier of Tasmania – Robert Cosgrove
- Premier of Victoria – John Cain I (until 7 June), then Henry Bolte
- Premier of Western Australia – Albert Hawke
- Governor of New South Wales – Sir John Northcott
- Governor of Queensland – Sir John Lavarack
- Governor of South Australia – Sir Robert George
- Governor of Tasmania – Sir Ronald Cross, 1st Baronet
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Dallas Brooks
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir Charles Gairdner
- 19 February – The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty (SEATO) comes into force.
- 22–28 February - Enormous flooding in the Hunter Valley and adjacent areas of the Murray-Darling Basin causes loss of life and set many rainfall and streamflow records.
- 28 May – A state election is held in Victoria. John Cain's Labor government is defeated by the Liberal and Country Party, led by Henry Bolte.
- August - Widespread floods and exceedingly persistent rainfall effect the southern fringe of the continent.
- 12 August – The aircraft carrier HMAS Vengeance is returned to the Royal Navy.
- 21 August – The Consolidated Zinc Corporation announced it has discovered bauxite at Weipa, Queensland.
- 28 October – The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne is commissioned into the Royal Australian Navy.
- 23 November – The Cocos Islands come under Australian control.
- 19 December – Dame Edna Everage makes her first appearance.
- Malcolm Fraser first enters Federal Parliament.
- The city of Elizabeth, South Australia is established
- The Democratic Labor Party (DLP) is formed after the Australian Labor Party split of 1955.
Science and technology
- The Guthega power station becomes the first to generate electricity in the Snowy Mountains Scheme
Arts and literature
- Ivor Hele wins the Archibald Prize with his portrait of Robert Campbell Esq
- Donald Friend wins the Blake Prize for Religious Art with his work St John and Scenes from the Apocalypse
- Patrick White's The Tree of Man is published
- I Can Jump Puddles is published by Alan Marshall
- "Men's Wear" and "Collins st,5 p.m" by John Brack painted in Oakleigh, Melbourne, Victoria
- Horse Racing
- Motor Racing
- Australian Open men's singles: Ken Rosewall defeats Lew Hoad 9–7 6–4 6–4
- Australian Open women's singles: Beryl Penrose Collier defeats Thelma Coyne Long 6–4 6–3
- Davis Cup: Australia defeats the United States 5–0 in the 1955 Davis Cup final
- Wimbledon: Rex Hartwig and Lew Hoad win the Gentlemen's Doubles
- Even takes line honours and Moonbi wins on handicap in the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race
- 10 February – Greg Norman, golfer
- 4 March – Tim Costello, Baptist minister and CEO of World Vision
- 31 March – Angus Young, musician
- 23 April – Judy Davis, actress
- 3 May – David Hookes (died 2004), cricketer
- 31 May – Tommy Emmanuel, musician
- 5 July – Peter McNamara, tennis player
- 24 July – David Smith, race walker
- 27 July – Allan Border, cricketer
- 5 August – Robert Flower, footballer
- 19 August – Mary-Anne Fahey, actress and comedienne
- 5 October – Wilbur Wilde, musician
- 8 October – Paul Lennon, Premier of Tasmania
- 11 December – David Atkins, actor and dancer
- 19 December– Lincoln Hall (died 2012), mountain climber
- 6 June – Max Meldrum (born 1875), artist
- 11 November – Arthur Cobby (born 1894), military aviator
- 19 December – Keith Smith (born 1890), aviation pioneer
- "CASEY SIGNS SEATO PACT.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 10 September 1954. p. 5. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- "Our new carrier 'Most modern afloat'.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 6 April 1955. p. 5. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
- "GREAT PROMISE IN BAUXITE DEPOSITS.". The Central Queensland Herald (Rockhampton, Qld. : 1930 - 1956) (Rockhampton, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 23 August 1956. p. 19. Retrieved 11 April 2012.