1956 Formula One season

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1956
FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1955 Next: 1957

The 1956 Formula One season featured the seventh FIA World Championship of Drivers [1] as well as numerous non-championship races for Formula One cars. The championship series commenced on 22 January 1956 and ended on 2 September after eight races. Juan Manuel Fangio won his third consecutive title, the fourth of his career. Until the 2006 season this was the last season during which no British constructor won any race.

Season summary[edit]

Fangio joined Ferrari after Mercedes-Benz, with whom he had won the 1954 and 1955 titles, withdrew from the sport. Ferrari acquired the folded Lancia team's D50 cars and put together a strong team containing Fangio, Eugenio Castellotti, Luigi Musso and Peter Collins. Fangio won the opening race after commandeering Musso's car after his own car had broken down. Collins and Fangio's team-mate at Mercedes, Stirling Moss – now driving for Maserati provided the biggest challenge to his title defence, each winning two races. In an open season the British Connaughts, Vanwalls and BRMs also showed some signs of promise.

Going into the final race of the season, Fangio had an eight-point lead over Collins and the consistent Jean Behra, driving for Maserati. The only way he could lose the title would be to score no points with Collins winning and setting fastest lap. (Because a driver could only count their best 5 scores, Behra could not win the title). Fangio retired, and with Musso unwilling to share his car with Fangio, Collins had a great chance of winning his first title. Collins, in a remarkable act of sportsmanship, instead chose to hand his car over to Fangio to allow the Argentine to finish second in the race and win his third title in a row.

Points were given to top 5 finishers (8, 6, 4, 3, 2). 1 point was given for fastest lap. Only the best five scores counted towards the world championship. Points for shared drives were divided equally between the drivers, regardless of who had driven more laps.

Season review[edit]

Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1 Argentina Argentine Grand Prix Buenos Aires 22 January Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Luigi Musso
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Italy Ferrari E Report
2 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco 13 May Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati P Report
3 United States Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis 30 May United States Pat Flaherty United States Paul Russo United States Pat Flaherty United States Watson-Offenhauser F Report
4 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 3 June Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Peter Collins Italy Ferrari E Report
5 France French Grand Prix Reims 1 July Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio United Kingdom Peter Collins Italy Ferrari E Report
6 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Silverstone 14 July United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Stirling Moss Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Ferrari E Report
7 West Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring 5 August Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Ferrari E Report
8 Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza 2 September Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati P Report

Teams and drivers[edit]

Juan Manuel Fangio (in 1957) won his fourth Drivers' Championship, driving for Ferrari

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1956 FIA World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P United Kingdom Stirling Moss 1–2, 4–8
France Jean Behra 1–2, 4–8
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy 1
Italy Luigi Piotti 1
Brazil Chico Landi 1
Italy Gerino Gerini 1
Argentina José Froilán González 1
Italy Cesare Perdisa 2, 4–7
Spain Paco Godia 4–8
Italy Piero Taruffi 5
Italy Umberto Maglioli 7–8
Italy Luigi Villoresi 8
Sweden Jo Bonnier 8
United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation Maserati
BRM
250F
P25
Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6
BRM P25 2.5 L4
P


D

United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 1–2, 6
United Kingdom Tony Brooks 2, 6
United Kingdom Ron Flockhart 6
Uruguay Alberto Uria Maserati A6GCM Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P Uruguay Alberto Uria 1
Uruguay Óscar González 1
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari D50
555
Lancia DS50 2.5 V8
Ferrari 555 2.5 L4
E


P

Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1–2, 4–8
Italy Eugenio Castellotti 1–2, 4–8
Italy Luigi Musso 1–2, 7–8
United Kingdom Peter Collins 1–2, 4–8
Belgium Olivier Gendebien 1, 5
Belgium Paul Frère 4
Belgium André Pilette 4
Spain Alfonso de Portago 5–8
West Germany Wolfgang von Trips 8
France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16
T32
Gordini 23 2.5 L6
Gordini 25 2.5 L8
E France Robert Manzon 2, 5–8
Belgium André Pilette 2, 5, 7
Brazil Hermano da Silva Ramos 2, 5–6, 8
Belgium André Milhoux 7
France André Simon 8
France Ecurie Rosier Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P France Louis Rosier 2, 4–7
United Kingdom Vandervell Products Vanwall VW 2 Vanwall 254 2.5 L4 P France Maurice Trintignant 2, 4, 6, 8
United States Harry Schell 2, 4–6, 8
United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 5
United Kingdom Colin Chapman 5
Argentina José Froilán González 6
Italy Piero Taruffi 8
United Kingdom Gould's Garage (Bristol)
United Kingdom H.H. Gould
Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Horace Gould 2, 4, 6–7
Italy Giorgio Scarlatti Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P Italy Giorgio Scarlatti 2
Italy Scuderia Centro Sud Maserati
Ferrari
250F
500
Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6
Ferrari 500 2.0 L4
P Italy Luigi Villoresi 4
United States Harry Schell 7
Italy Giorgio Scarlatti 7
Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 8
Italy Piero Scotti Connaught-Alta B Alta GP 2.5 L4 P Italy Piero Scotti 4
France Automobiles Bugatti Bugatti T251 Bugatti 2.5 L8 E France Maurice Trintignant 5
Italy Luigi Piotti Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P Italy Luigi Villoresi 5–7
Italy Luigi Piotti 7–8
France André Simon Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P France André Simon 5
Italy Scuderia Guastalla Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P Italy Umberto Maglioli 6
Italy Gerino Gerini 8
United Kingdom Connaught Engineering Connaught-Alta B Alta GP 2.5 L4 P


A

United Kingdom Archie Scott-Brown 6, 8
United Kingdom Desmond Titterington 6
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 6, 8
United Kingdom Les Leston 8
United Kingdom Ron Flockhart 8
United Kingdom Bob Gerard Cooper-Bristol T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D United Kingdom Bob Gerard 6
United Kingdom Gilby Engineering Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Roy Salvadori 6–8
United Kingdom Bruce Halford Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D United Kingdom Bruce Halford 6–8
Australia Jack Brabham Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D Australia Jack Brabham 6
United Kingdom Emeryson Cars Emeryson-Alta 56 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D United Kingdom Paul Emery 6
Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio Maserati A6GCM Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio 7

1956 Drivers Championship final standings[edit]

Championship points were awarded at each round on an 8–6–4–3–2 basis to the first five finishers with an additional point awarded to the driver setting the fastest lap of the race. Only the best five round results were counted.

Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
ITA
Italy
Pts.
1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1† / Ret 2† / 4† Ret 4 1 1 (2)† / 8† 30 (33)
2 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Ret 1 3† / Ret 5† / Ret (Ret) 2 1 27 (28)
3 United Kingdom Peter Collins Ret 2† 1 1 2† / Ret Ret† / Ret 2† 25
4 France Jean Behra 2 3 7 3 3 3 Ret† / Ret 22
5 United States Pat Flaherty 1 8
6 Italy Eugenio Castellotti Ret 4† / Ret Ret 2 10† Ret† / Ret 8† / Ret 7.5
7 United States Sam Hanks 2 6
8 Belgium Paul Frère 2 6
9 Spain Paco Godia Ret 7 8 4 4 6
10 United Kingdom Jack Fairman 4 5 5
11 Italy Luigi Musso 1† Ret Ret† Ret 4
12 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 3 10† Ret 4
13 United Kingdom Ron Flockhart Ret 3 4
14 United States Don Freeland 3 4
15 Spain Alfonso de Portago Ret 2† / 10† Ret† Ret 3
16 Italy Cesare Perdisa 7 3† 5† 7 Ret 3
17 United States Harry Schell Ret 4 10† / Ret Ret Ret Ret 3
18 United States Johnnie Parsons 4 3
19 France Louis Rosier Ret 8 6 Ret 5 2
20 Italy Luigi Villoresi 5 Ret 6 Ret Ret† 2
21 Brazil Hermano da Silva Ramos 5 8 Ret Ret 2
22 United Kingdom Horace Gould 8 Ret 5 Ret 2
23 Belgium Olivier Gendebien 5 Ret 2
24 United States Dick Rathmann 5 2
25 Italy Gerino Gerini 4† 10 1.5
26 Brazil Chico Landi 4† 1.5
27 United States Paul Russo Ret 1
Belgium André Pilette 6† 6 11 Ret 0
Italy Luigi Piotti Ret 6 0
United States Bob Sweikert 6 0
Uruguay Oscar Gonzalez 6† 0
Uruguay Alberto Uria 6† 0
France Élie Bayol 6† 0
United States Bob Veith 7 0
Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 7 0
United States Rodger Ward 8 0
France Robert Manzon Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 0
France André Simon Ret 9 0
United States Jimmy Reece 9 0
United States Cliff Griffith 10 0
United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Ret Ret 11 0
United States Gene Hartley 11 0
United Kingdom Bob Gerard 11 0
United States Fred Agabashian 12 0
United States Bob Christie 13 0
United States Al Keller 14 0
United States Eddie Johnson 15 0
United States Billy Garrett 16 0
United States Duke Dinsmore 17 0
United States Pat O'Connor 18 0
United States Jimmy Bryan 19 0
Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio NC 0
France Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
Italy Umberto Maglioli Ret Ret Ret† 0
United Kingdom Bruce Halford Ret DSQ Ret 0
Argentina José Froilán González Ret Ret 0
Italy Piero Taruffi Ret Ret 0
Italy Giorgio Scarlatti DNQ Ret 0
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Ret 0
United States Jim Rathmann Ret 0
United States Johnnie Tolan Ret 0
United States Tony Bettenhausen Ret 0
United States Jimmy Daywalt Ret 0
United States Jack Turner Ret 0
United States Keith Andrews Ret 0
United States Andy Linden Ret 0
United States Al Herman Ret 0
United States Ray Crawford Ret 0
United States Johnny Boyd Ret 0
United States Troy Ruttman Ret 0
United States Johnny Thomson Ret 0
Italy Piero Scotti Ret 0
United Kingdom Desmond Titterington Ret 0
United Kingdom Tony Brooks Ret 0
United Kingdom Archie Scott-Brown Ret 0
United Kingdom Paul Emery Ret 0
Australia Jack Brabham Ret 0
Belgium Andre Milhoux Ret 0
United States Les Leston Ret 0
United States Ed Elisian Ret† 0
United States Eddie Russo Ret† 0
Sweden Joakim Bonnier Ret† 0
United Kingdom Colin Chapman DNS 0
Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
West Germany
ITA
Italy
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
  • Italics indicate fastest lap (1 point awarded – point shared equally between drivers sharing fastest lap)
  • Bold indicates pole position
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Non-Championship race results[edit]

Other Formula One races also held in 1956, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
New Zealand New Zealand Grand Prix Ardmore 7 January United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
Argentina X Gran Premio Ciudad de Buenos Aires Mendoza 5 February Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
United Kingdom IV Glover Trophy Goodwood 2 April United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
Italy VI Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 15 April Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
United Kingdom XI BARC Aintree 200 Aintree 21 April United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom VII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 5 May United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Vanwall Report
Italy IX Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo 6 May France Robert Manzon France Gordini Report
United Kingdom I Aintree 100 Aintree 24 June United Kingdom Horace Gould Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom I Vanwall Trophy Snetterton 22 July United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Maserati Report
France IV Grand Prix de Caen Caen 26 August United States Harry Schell Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom II Sussex Trophy Goodwood 8 September United Kingdom Roy Salvadori United Kingdom Cooper-Climax Report
United Kingdom I BRSCC Formula 1 Race Brands Hatch 14 October United Kingdom Archie Scott Brown United Kingdom Connaught-Alta Report
Australia Australian Grand Prix Albert Park 2 December United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ FIA Yearbook, 1974, page 119

External links[edit]