1956 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||19 May - 10 June|
|Stages||22, including one split stage|
|Distance||3,523.45 km (2,189 mi)|
|Winning time||101h 39' 46" (34.667 km/h or 21.541 mph)|
|Winner||Charly Gaul (LUX)||(Faema)|
|Second||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)||(Nivea-Fuchs)|
|Third||Agostino Coletto (ITA)||(Fréjus)|
|Mountains||Three riders[N 1]|
The 1956 Giro d'Italia was the 39th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Milan on 19 May with a 210 km (130.5 mi) flat stage and concluded back in Milan with a 113 km (70.2 mi) relatively flat mass-start stage on 10 June. Sixteen teams entered the race, which was won by Luxembourgian Charly Gaul of the Faema team. Second and third respectively were Italian riders Fiorenzo Magni and Agostino Coletto.
Gaul took the lead in the legendary stage up Monte Bondone, where under a snow storm he won with an 8 minute margin over runner up Alessandro Fantini. This edition is unique since there were two Mountains Classification winners. There were two awards for the Dolomites and the Apennine mountains, the winners were Charly Gaul and Federico Bahamontes respectively.
Fifteen teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1957 edition of the Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of seven riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 105 cyclists. From the riders that began the race, 43 made it to the finish in Milan.
Route and stages
|1||19 May||Milan to Alessandria||210 km (130 mi)||Plain stage||Pierino Baffi (ITA)|
|2a||20 May||Alessandria to Genoa||96 km (60 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Alessandro Fantini (ITA)|
|2b||Circuito di Lido d'Albaro||12 km (7 mi)||Team time trial||Leo-Chlorodont|
|3||21 May||Genoa to Salice Terme||152 km (94 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Alessandro Fantini (ITA)|
|4||22 May||Voghera to Mantua||198 km (123 mi)||Plain stage||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
|5||23 May||Mantua to Rimini||228 km (142 mi)||Plain stage||Giuseppe Minardi (ITA)|
|6||San Marino||13 km (8 mi)||Individual time trial||Jan Nolten (NED)|
|7||24 May||Rimini to Pescara||245 km (152 mi)||Plain stage||Arrigo Padovan (ITA)|
|8||25 May||Pescara to Campobasso||205 km (127 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Charly Gaul (LUX)|
|9||26 May||Campobasso to Salerno||156 km (97 mi)||Plain stage||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
|10||27 May||Salerno to Frascati||[N 2]||Plain stage||Stage Cancelled|
|11||28 May||Rome to Grosseto||198 km (123 mi)||Plain stage||Bruno Tognaccini (ITA)|
|12||29 May||Grosseto to Livorno||230 km (143 mi)||Plain stage||Pietro Nascimbene (ITA)|
|30 May||Rest day|
|13||31 May||Livorno to Lucca||54 km (34 mi)||Individual time trial||Pasquale Fornara (ITA)|
|14||1 June||Lucca to Bologna||168 km (104 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Michel Stolker (NED)|
|15||2 June||Bologna to Madonna di San Luca||2.45 km (2 mi)||Individual time trial||Charly Gaul (LUX)|
|16||3 June||Bologna to Rapallo||271 km (168 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
|17||4 June||Rapallo to Lecco||278 km (173 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Giorgio Albani (ITA)|
|18||5 June||Lecco to Sondrio||98 km (61 mi)||Plain stage||Miguel Poblet (ESP)|
|6 June||Rest day|
|19||7 June||Sondrio to Merano||163 km (101 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Cleto Maule (ITA)|
|20||8 June||Merano to Monte Bondone||242 km (150 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Charly Gaul (LUX)|
|21||9 June||Trento to San Pellegrino Terme||191 km (119 mi)||Plain stage||Giorgio Albani (ITA)|
|22||10 June||San Pellegrino Terme to Milan||113 km (70 mi)||Plain stage||Donato Piazza (ITA)|
|Total||3,523.45 km (2,189 mi)|
One jersey was worn during the 1956 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
There were three mountains classifications in the 1956 Giro d'Italia, one for the Dolomites, Apennines, and one for the highest mountain in the race, the Passo dello Stelvio. The rider that was the first over the Stelvio was Ignis' Aurelio Del Rio. Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the teams were awarded points for their rider's performance during the stages.
||Trofeo Dolomiti||Trofeo Appennini||Team classification|
|1||Pierino Baffi||Pierino Baffi||not awarded||not awarded||?|
|2a||Alessandro Fantini||Giuseppe Fallarini||Legnano|
|3||Alessandro Fantini||Alessandro Fantini||Federico Bahamontes||Atala|
|6||Jan Nolten||Atala & Legnano|
|13||Pasquale Fornara||Pasquale Fornara|
|20||Charly Gaul||Charly Gaul||Charly Gaul||Atala|
|Final||Charly Gaul||Charly Gaul||Federico Bahamontes||Atala|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification|
|1||Charly Gaul (LUX)||Faema-Guerra||101h 39' 49"|
|2||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)||Nivea-Fuchs||+ 3' 27"|
|3||Agostino Coletto (ITA)||Fréjus||+ 6' 53"|
|4||Cleto Maule (ITA)||Torpado||+ 7' 25"|
|5||Aldo Moser (ITA)||Torpado||+ 7' 30"|
|6||Alessandro Fantini (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli||+ 8' 46"|
|7||Jean Brankart (BEL)||Eldroado||+ 9' 21"|
|8||Bruno Monti (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli||+ 10' 54"|
|9||Waldemaro Bartolozzi (ITA)||Legnano||+ 18' 14"|
|10||Hilaire Couvreur (BEL)||Eldorado||+ 18' 41"|
|1||Charly Gaul (LUX)||Faema-Guerra||20|
|2||Bruno Monti (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli||5|
|3||Arrigo Padovan (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli||4|
|Alessandro Fantini (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli|
|Agostino Coletto (ITA)||Fréjus|
|6||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)||Nivea-Fuchs||8|
|7||Pierino Baffi (ITA)||Nivea-Fuchs||8|
Gran premio traguardi volanti
|1||Giorgio Albani (ITA)||Legnano||22|
|2||Giuseppe Favero (ITA)||Bianchi||11|
|3||Mies Stolker (NED)||Italcover||10|
|4||Guido De Santi (ITA)||Ignis||8|
|Mario Baroni (ITA)||Nivea-Fuchs|
|6||Gino Guerrini (ITA)||Carpano-Coppi||7|
|Alessandro Fantini (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli|
Trofeo della plata
|1||Giorgio Albani (ITA)||Legnano||8|
|2||Bruno Monti (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli||6|
|Guido De Santi (ITA)||Ignis|
|4||Arrigo Padovan (ITA)||Atala-Pirelli||5|
|Bruno Tognaccini (ITA)||Leo-Chlorodont|
|Pietro Nascimbene (ITA)||Carpano-Coppi|
|Mies Stolker (NED)||Italcover|
|Cleto Maule (ITA)||Torpado|
|Donato Piazza (ITA)||Nivea-Fuchs|
- There were three mountains classifications in the 1956 Giro d'Italia, one for the Dolomites, Apennines, and one for the highest mountain in the race, the Passo dello Stelvio. The rider that was the first over the Stelvio was Aurelio Del Rio. Federico Bahamontes won the Trofeo Appennini, while Charly Gaul won the Trofeo Dolomiti.
- This stage was removed and the day was used to transfer the riders to Rome.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1956 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Gaul Vencedor Del "Giro"" [Gaul the Winner of the "Tour"] (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 14 June 1956. p. 1. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- John Wilcockson (23 May 2006). "50 years later: Remembering Charly Gaul’s great ride". VeloNews (Competitor Group, Inc). Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "I Partenti" [Participants]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 19 May 1956. p. 5. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Gli Avvenimenti Sportivi" [The Sporting Events] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 19 May 1956. p. 6. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "Del Rio primo sul valico dello Stelvio e Maule vincitore in volata a Merano" [Del Rio on the first pass of the Stelvio and Maule winner in the sprint in Merano] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 8 June 1956. p. 4. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Gaul ha vinto il Giro d'Italia" [Gaul has won the Tour of Italy] (PDF). Stampa Sera (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 11 June 1956. p. 5. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Gaul, Vencedor Del "Giro"" [Gaul, the Winner of the "Tour"] (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 14 June 1956. p. 5. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Trofeo delle Dolomiti" [Trophy of the Dolomites]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 9 June 1956. p. 6. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Magni sara in gara nella "grande boucle"?" [Magni will be competing in the "grand boucle"?] (PDF). La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 5 June 1956. p. 5. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Trofeo Traguardi Volanti" [Flying Trophy Successes]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 11 June 1956. p. 12. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Trofeo della Pista" [Trophy Track]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 11 June 1956. p. 12. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "G. P. Dell'Industria". Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 11 June 1956. p. 12. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.