1956 Scottish Airlines Malta air disaster
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An Avro York of Scottish Airlines similar that involved in the accident
|Date||18 February 1956|
|Site||Near Zurrieq, Malta|
|Aircraft type||Avro York|
|Flight origin||Malta International Airport, Malta|
|Destination||London Stansted Airport, United Kingdom|
The 1956 Scottish Airlines Malta air disaster was an air accident that happened on 18 February 1956 when a Scottish Airlines Avro York crashed after take off from Malta International Airport on a flight to London Stansted Airport. The disaster killed 50 passengers and crew on board the aircraft.
The accident happened on 18 February 1956 when Avro York registration G-ANSY took off from Malta International Airport at 12:21 UTC time on a flight to London Stansted Airport with 45 passengers and five crew on board. Shortly after becoming airborne the boost enrichment capsule in the carburetor of number one engine failed and the engine caught fire. The pilots did not feather the propeller as the aircraft slowly climbed to 700–800 feet, then the crew tried a left turn to return to the airport. Shortly after retracting the flaps the aircraft went a nose-up attitude at very low flying speed. This resulted in a stall, causing the aircraft to go into a dive and it crashed into the ground near Zurrieq, Malta killing all 50 passengers and crew on board the aircraft.
The mechanical cause was failure of the number one engine. However, this failure alone did not cause the accident which was caused by loss of speed and consequent loss of control through an error of judgement of the pilot.