1956 in poetry
|List of years in poetry (table)|
|... 1946 . 1947 . 1948 . 1949 . 1950 . 1951 . 1952 ...
1953 1954 1955 -1956- 1957 1958 1959
... 1960 . 1961 . 1962 . 1963 . 1964 . 1965 . 1966 ...
In literature: 1953 1954 1955 -1956- 1957 1958 1959
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- 1 Events
- 2 Works published in English
- 3 Works published in other languages
- 4 Awards and honors
- 5 Births
- 6 Deaths
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- February 27 – English poet Ted Hughes and American poet Sylvia Plath meet in Cambridge, England.
- June 16 – Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath marry at the church of St George the Martyr, Holborn, London.
- September 6 – American poet Richard Eberhart, having been sent by The New York Times to San Francisco to report on the poetry scene there, publishes this day an article in the New York Times Book Review titled "West Coast Rhythms" which helps call national attention to Howl as "the most remarkable poem of the young group" of poets who are becoming known as the spokesmen of the Beat Generation.
- The Lake Eden campus of Black Mountain College, the birthplace of the Black Mountain School of poetry, closes, although classes do no end until the spring of 1957, and the final issue of the Black Mountain Review is published in the fall of 1957.
- Quadrant magazine is founded in Australia by Richard Krygier, a Polish-Jewish refugee who had been active in social-democrat politics in Europe, and James McAuley, a Catholic poet.
- Northern Review, founded in 1945 from the merger of two small Canadian literary magazines, Preview and First Statement, publishes its last issue.
- Tamarack Review founded by Robert Weaver in Canada
Works published in English
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Leonard Cohen, Let Us Compare Mythologies, Canada
- R. A. D. Ford, A Window on the North
- Louis Dudek, The Transparent Sea. Toronto: Contact Press, 1956.
- Eldon Grier, Poems
- Irving Layton, The Bull Calf and Other Poems. Toronto: Contact Press.
- Irving Layton, The Improved Binoculars: Selected Poems. Introduction by William Carlos Williams. Highlands, NC: Jonathan Williams.
- Irving Layton, Music on a Kazoo. Toronto: Contact Press.
- W.W.E. Ross, Experiment 1923-1929, Contact Press.
- Raymond Souster, The Selected Poems. Louis Dudek ed. Toronto: Contact Press.
- Raymond Souster ed. Poets 56: Ten Younger English-Canadians. Toronto: Contact Press.
- Wilfred Watson, Even Your Right Eye
- Robert Chapman and Jonathan Bennett, editors, An Anthology of New Zealand Verse, Oxford University Press
- D'Arcy Cresswell, The Voyage of the Hurunui : a Ballad, Christchurch: Caxton Press
- Charles Doyle, A Splinter of Glass
- Einar Beer, Samadhi Poems and Autumn Rains ( Poetry in English ), Alvdal: The Brahmakul;
- Humayun Kabir, Mahatma & other Poems ( Poetry in English ),
- Kingsley Amis, A Case of Samples: Poems 1946–1956
- David Gascoyne, Night Thoughts
- John Holloway, The Minute and Longer Poems, Hessle, East Yorkshire: Marvell Press
- Christopher Logue, Devil, Maggot and Son
- Norman MacCaig, Riding Lights, London: Hogarth Press
- Edwin Muir, One Foot in Eden
- E. J. Scovell, The River Steamer, and Other Poems
- Fredegond Shove (died 1949), Poems
- John Ashbery, Some Trees
- John Berryman, Homage to Mistress Bradstreet, New York: Farrar, Straus & Cudahy
- Gwendolyn Brooks, Bronzeville Boys and Girls
- Witter Bynner, A Book of Lyrics
- Robert Creeley, If You
- Kenneth Fearing, New and Selected Poems
- Robert Fitzgerald, In the Rose of Time: Poems 1931–1956
- Allen Ginsberg, Howl and Other Poems, a signal work of the Beat Generation; published by City Lights Books
- Anne Morrow Lindbergh, The Unicorn, and Other Poems
- W. S. Merwin, Green with Beasts, New York: Knopf (reprinted as part of The First Four Books of Poems, 1975)
- Kenneth Rexroth (translator), 30 Spanish Poems of Love and Exile and (translator), 100 Poems from the Chinese
- Edna St. Vincent Millay, Collected Poems
- Marianne Moore, Like a Bulwark
- Gertrude Stein, Stanzas in meditation and Other Poems (1929–1933)
- Peter Viereck, The Persimmon Tree
- John Hall Wheelock, Poems Old and New
- Reed Whittemore, An American Takes a Walk
- Richard Wilbur, Things of This World: Poems, New York: Harcourt, Brace
- Tennessee Williams, In the Winter of Cities
Works published in other languages
Listed by language and often by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Louis Aragon, Le Roman inachevé
- Aimé Césaire, Cahier d'un retour au pays natal, definitive, revised edition
- Pierre Jean Jouve, Lyrique
- Henri Michaux, Misérable miracle, about his experiences taking mescaline
- Jules Supervielle, L'Escalier
- Tristan Tzara, pen name of Sami Rosenstock, Le fruit permis
- W. Höllerer, editor, Transit, anthology, German
- Rupert Hirschenauer and Albrecht Weber, editors, Wege zum Gedicht, 2 volumes (second volume, on the ballad, in 1963), Germany, scholarship
- Walther Killy, Wandlungen des lyrischen Bildes
In each section, listed in alphabetical order by first name:
- Dinu Bhai Pant, Dadi Te Mam
- Shambhu Nath Sharma, Bhadasa
- Shuk Dev Shastri, Svacchanda Trivani, verses celebrating traditional values and patterned on Sanskrit meters
- Tara Smail Puri, Fauji Pimsanar, a long poem on the plight of a military veteran
- Bhatt Damodar Kesavaji, pen name "Sudhansu", Alakhtano, Gujarati
- Dhirubhai Thaker, Arvacin Gujarati Shaityani Vikasrekha, a Gujarati-language history of that language's literature from 1850 to the post-independence period
- Natvarlal Kuberdas Pandya 'Ushnas', Nepathye, longer poems based on new interpretations of mythological characters; Gujarati
- Suresh Joshi, Upjati, Indian, Gujarati language
- C. Mahadevappa, translation from the English of Percy Bysshe Shelley's The Defence of Poetry
- Channaveera Kanavi, Dipadhari, with some lyrics in the navodaya style, others in the navya; poetry known as Samanvaya Kavya in Kannada poetry because it attempted to synthesize the two types of subject matter: both the beauty of nature, folk traditions, mysticism, and humanism of the one form and the stark contemporary realism of the other
- Yarmunja Ramachandra, Vidaya, the author's only book of poems, published posthumously after his death at age 22
- O. N. V. Kurup, Dahikkunna Panapatram, Malayalam, the author's earliest poems, mostly lyrics reflecting revolutionary idealism
- Sreedhara Menon, Vittumkaikkottum, Malayalam
- Sukumar Azhikode, Ramananum Malayala Kavitayum, critical study in Malayalam of Changampuzha's Ramanan
- Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Zindan Nama
- Mirza Muhammad Muqimi Bijapuri, Candar badan va Mahayar, edited by Muhammad Akbaruddin Siddiqi, narrative poems
- Nadim[disambiguation needed], "Subuhdam Yets Chhu Paratshyon Gashi-Tarukh", the first sonnet in the Kashmiri language; published in the Urdu publication Tameer
Other Indian languages
- Harekrushna Mahadab, Chayapathara Yatri, Oriya
- Kunvar Narayan (also spelled in English as Kunwar Narain), Cakravyuha (has also been transliterated into English as Chakravyooh), New Delhi: Radhakrishan Prakashan, ISBN 81-7119-192-4; Hindi-language
- Parsram Rohra, Sargam, Sindhi
- Sankha Ghosh, Dinguli Ratguli, the author's first book of poems, Bengali
- Mario Benedetti, Poemas de oficina ("Office Poems"), Uruguay
- José Santos Chocano, Las mejores poesías de Chocano, pról. de Francisco Bendezú (Lima: Editorial Paracas), Peru
- Juan Gelman, Violín y otras cuestiones, Argentina
- Octavio Paz, La estación violenta, Mexico
- Miron Białoszewski's first book: Obroty rzeczy, Poland
- Zbigniew Herbert's first book: Struna światła, Poland
- Harry Martinson, Aniara, Swedish
- Eugenio Montale, La bufera e altro ("The Storm and Other Things"), a first edition of 1,000 copies, Venice: Neri Pozza; second, larger edition published in 1957, Milan: Arnaldo Mondadore Editore; Italy
- Nizar Qabbani, Poems, Syrian poet writing in Arabic
Awards and honors
- Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Randall Jarrell appointed this year.
- National Book Award for Poetry: W. H. Auden, The Shield of Achilles
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Elizabeth Bishop: Poems - North & South
- Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Edmund Blunden
- Bollingen Prize: Conrad Aiken
- Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets: William Carlos Williams
- Adonais Prize (Spain): María C. Lacaci, Humana voz
- Canada: Governor General's Award, poetry or drama: A Window on the North, Robert A.D. Ford 
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- April 7 – Dionisio D. Martinez, Cuban-born poet who grows up speaking Spanish, raised first in Spain, then in the United States
- August 15 – Henry Normal, born Pete Carroll, English performance poet and television comedy producer
- September 26 – Mick Imlah (died 2009), Scottish-born poet
- October 7 – Diane Ackerman, American poet and naturalist
- October 30 – Annie Finch, American poet, librettist, and theorist
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 31 – A. A. Milne, 74 (born 1882), English author of children's books and children's poetry
- March 23 – Mitsuko Shiga 四賀光子, pen name of Mitsu Ota (born 1885), Japanese, Taishō and Shōwa period tanka poet, a woman
- March 30 – Edmund Clerihew Bentley, 80 (born 1875), popular English novelist and humorist and inventor of the clerihew, an irregular form of humorous verse on biographical topics
- April 2 – Kōtarō Takamura 高村 光太郎 (born 1883), Japanese poet and sculptor; son of sculptor Takamura Kōun
- May 11 – Takashi Matsumoto 松本たかし (born 1906), Japanese, Shōwa period professional haiku poet in the Shippo-kai haiku circle, then, starting in 1929, in the Hototogisu group that also included Kawabata Bosha; founded a literary magazine, Fue ("Flute"), in 1946
- May 15 – Arthur Talmage Abernethy (born 1872), American poet, journalist, theologian, minister; North Carolina Poet Laureate 1948–53
- June 22 – Walter de la Mare, 83 (born 1873), English poet, short story writer and author of children's books
- July 7 – Gottfried Benn (born 1886), German expressionist poet; buried in Dahlem Waldfriedhof, Berlin
- July 8 – Giovanni Papini, 75 (born 1881), Italian poet, essayist, journalist, literary critic, and novelist
- July 11 – Dorothy Wellesley, 70, English socialite, author, poet and literary editor
- August 31 – Percy MacKaye, 81 (born 1875), American playwright and poet
- September 7 – Frank Oliver Call (born 1878), Canadian poet and academic
- November 21 – Aizu Yaichi (会津 八一) (born 1881), Japanese poet, calligrapher and historian (Surname: Aizu)
- Neal T. Jones, editor, A Book of Days for the Literary Year, New York and London: Thames and Hudson (1984), unpaginated, ISBN 0-500-01332-2
- Allen Ginsberg, Howl: Original Draft Facsimile, Transcript & Variant Editions, Fully Annotated by Author, with Contemporaneous Correspondence, Account of First Public Reading, Legal Skirmishes, Precursor Texts & Bibliography, edited by Barry Miles [HarperPerennial, 1995], p. 155
- "North Carolina’s Black Mountain College: A New Deal in American Education". Artes Magazine. 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- Roberts, Neil, editor, A Companion to Twentieth-century Poetry, Part III, Chapter 3, "Canadian Poetry", by Cynthia Messenger, Blackwell Publishing, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4051-1361-8, retrieved via Google Books, January 3, 2009
- Gnarowsky, Michael, "Poetry in English, 1918-1960", article in The Canadian Encyclopedia, retrieved February 8, 2009
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- "Louis Dudek: Publications," Canadian Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 6, 2011.
- "Irving Layton: Publications," Canadian Poetry Online, Web, May 7, 2011.
- "Notes on Life and Works," Selected Poetry of Raymond Souster, Representative Poetry Online, UToronto.ca, Web, May 7, 2011.
- Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "New Zealand Poetry" article, "Anthologies" section, p 837
- "Denis Glover" article in The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 website, accessed April 21, 2008
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 314, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Lal, P., Modern Indian Poetry in English: An Anthology & a Credo, p 237, Calcutta: Writers Workshop, second edition, 1971 (however, on page 597 an "editor's note" states contents "on the following pages are a supplement to the first edition" and is dated "1972")
- Richard Ellmann and Robert O'Clair, editors, The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, W. W. Norton & Company, 1973, ISBN 0-393-09357-3
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
- M. L. Rosenthal, The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
- Everett, Nicholas, "Robert Creeley's Life and Career" at the Modern American Poetry website, accessed May 1, 2008
- Web page titled "W. S. Merwin (1927- )" at the Poetry Foundation Web site, retrieved June 8, 2010
- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
- Rees, William, The Penguin book of French poetry: 1820-1950, p 810, Penguin, 1992, ISBN 978-0-14-042385-3
- Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "German Poetry" article, "Anthologies in German" section, pp 473-474
- Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "German Poetry" article, "Criticism in German" section, p 474
- Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
- Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7, retrieved December 10, 2008
- Web page titled "Kunwar Narain" at the "Poetry International" website, retrieved July 12, 2010
- Web page titled "Biblioteca de autores contemporaneos / Mario Benedetti - El autor" (in Spanish), retrieved May 27, 2009. Archived 2009-05-30.
- Web page titled "José Santos Chocano" at the Jaume University website, retrieved August 29, 2011
- Eugenio Montale, Collected Poems 1920-1954, translated and edited by Jonathan Galassi, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998, ISBN 0-374-12554-6
- "Cumulative List of Winners of the Governor General's Literary Awards", Canada Council. Web, Feb. 10, 2011. http://www.canadacouncil.ca/NR/rdonlyres/E22B9A3C-5906-41B8-B39C-F91F58B3FD70/0/cumulativewinners2010rev.pdf
- Ramazani, Jahan, Richard Ellman and Robert O'Clair, The Noroton Anthology of Modern and Contemporary Poetry, Volume 2: Contemporary Poetry, third edition, 2003, p 1030, New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
- "Poet Mick Imlah dies, aged 52". The Guardian (London). 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
- Poetry International website Web page on Bai Hua, retrieved November 22, 2008